The 2020 Presidential Election:

Was it fair or stolen?

Only 55% of Americans believe the 2020 general election, held on November 3, 2020, was legitimate and accurate (86% of Democrats and 25% of Republicans). Meanwhile, 39% of Republicans and 4% of Democrats strongly agree the election was stolen from Donald Trump.1

Because voting and the belief in our election system is so important to our democracy, we decided to see what we could find that many would consider objective facts and data about the fairness or unfairness of the 2020 election.

So far, we have come up with the six categories listed below (with a potential seventh category in development as noted below), based in claimed facts and data, seeking to answer the question: Was the 2020 general election fair or stolen, and said another way, was it an election that Donald Trump would have won if not for rampant fraud?

Category 1Convictions for Election & Voter Fraud: The 161 election and voter fraud convictions that could have affected the outcome of the Congressional or Presidential elections from 2016 to 2020. (Work in progress – AH; As of 6/22/2021, Voter Fraud chart 85% complete, still researching and adding new Voter Fraud convictions as we locate them)

Category 2Voting-related Litigation: This page will list the voting-related lawsuits filed by Trump and/or supporters following the election in 14 different states and the District of Columbia, including lawsuits filed in the so-called battleground states of Alaska, Georgia, Michigan, Minnesota, Nevada, Pennsylvania, Texas and Wisconsin, decided by a variety of judges across the political spectrum who were either voted into office by the public or appointed by a mix of Democrats and Republicans (some even by Trump himself). (Should be up by August 15, 2021) (Work in progress – As of 7/21/2021, Election-related lawsuits 50% complete, waiting for attorney edits)


1. This Project defines voting-related lawsuits filed by Trump and/or supporters or others on or after November 3, 2020, attacking or trying to change something to do with the 2020 election or its results.

2. Counting the Lawsuits: A lawsuit is counted for this project based on the first time it was filed. For example, if an initial complaint is filed, then appealed, then appealed again, then goes to the US Supreme Court, then sent back to the trial court for a re-look, then decided and not appealed, that is one lawsuit. If, for example, five different lawsuits are filed, and a judge or court then consolidates two or more of those lawsuits, there are still five lawsuits. We show the courts decision on each appeal.

3. Dating the Lawsuits: The date of the lawsuit is the date it was originally filed.

4. Disposition Date: The end of the lawsuit is the final finding or opinion by a court, when that finding or opinion is accepted, or not appealed. When a lawsuit is still pending, that will be noted with an “as of” date.

Category 3 – Voting Machine Controversies: Donald Trump and his supporters have claimed (directly and indirectly) that some voting machine manufacturers changed or tried to influence the vote in the 2020 election in favor of Joe Biden. Given the importance of such accusations, we added this issue as a component of our examination of the 2020 election.

(A) 46 Donald Trump quotes about voting machine fraud and “glitches” in the 2020 election (even though we are not aware of any voting machine companies filing lawsuits against Donald Trump as of 5/24/2021). (Work in progress – TD; As of 7/30/2021, estimated 99% complete)

(B) The five defamation lawsuits filed by two voting machine companies, Dominion Voting Systems and Smartmatic, against some who publicly accused those voting machine companies of committing fraud in the 2020 election. (Work in progress – TD; As of 7/30/2021, estimated 95% complete, pending updates in the legal process and any editor’s comments)

Category 4 – Trump’s 805 Claims about Elections Being Rigged or Stolen: Donald Trump has been sowing doubts about the legitimacy of US elections since at least 2012, raising questions about how much his statements contribute to the belief of 67% of Republicans that Joe Biden was not the legitimate winner of the 2020 presidential election. 2 This section contains a catalog of 805 statements from Donald Trump, from October 2012 to present, claiming that US elections were rigged or stolen. (Work in progress – TD; As of 7/30/2021, estimated 99% complete)

Category 5 – Congressional Statements Against/Questioning the 2020 Election: We have found no proof of a correlation between elected officials speaking out against the 2020 election and the pervasive Republican voters’ lack of faith in the election. However, it may be instructive to review all comments from US Senators and Representatives that questioned the legitimacy of the election.

(A) Statements from 34 US senators that are either direct claims of voting and/or election fraud or malfeasance (64), or seemingly innocuous claims that could subtly undermine confidence in the election (268). (Work in progress – TD; As of 7/30/2021, estimated 99% complete)

(B) Statements from members of the House of Representatives that are either direct claims of voting and/or election fraud or malfeasance, or seemingly innocuous claims that could subtly undermine confidence in the election. (Work in progress – TD; As of 7/30/2021, estimated 8% complete)

Category 647 Republicans in Congress Who Acknowledged the Outcome of the 2020 Election: A catalog of statements from 47 Republicans (out of 249 in office at the time of the election) who acknowledged Joe Biden as president-elect prior to the certification of the Electoral College votes on January 6, 2021. (Work in progress – TD; As of 7/30/2021, estimated 95% complete)

Category 7 – Reports on Election Fraud: We are considering adding a summary of reports related to election fraud that have been produced by the four types of groups listed below. (Work not yet underway as this category is under discussion)

(A) Non-political or nonpartisan groups/parties

(B) Republican groups/parties

(C) Democratic groups/parties

(C) Government agencies

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1. Ipsos, “Ipsos/Reuters Poll: The Big Lie,”, May 21, 2021
2. CBS News/YouGov Poll, May 12-14, 2021