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Voter Fraud Convictions in the 2016-2020 Elections

Last updated January 10, 2024

Quick Facts:

  • There have been 291 convictions across 36 states for voter fraud in all US elections between 2016 and 2020.
  • 145 convictions related to a presidential or congressional race: 140 cases involved one vote, three cases had seven votes or less, and two cases had an unknown number of votes.
  • The political affiliations are known for 165 defendants: 38.2% of those convicted were Democrats, 42.4% were Republicans, while the remainder were Independent, nonpartisan, or unaffiliated.
  • Donald Trump lost the 2016 popular vote by 2.8 million votes and the 2020 election by 7 million votes.
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Since 2012, Donald Trump and many other Republicans have claimed there was substantial voter fraud in US elections and that, if not for that fraud, Trump would have won the popular vote in the 2016 election (he lost by 2,868,686 million votes), and would have won the 2020 election (he lost by 7,052,770 million votes) and be president today.

To try to gain an objective view of the election and voter fraud claims, this section charts all election and voter fraud convictions in US elections between 2016 and 2020.

There have been 291 election and voter fraud convictions to date – including fraudulently voting and registering to vote, false declaration of candidacy, and facilitating or attempting to vote illegally. Included are convictions from the 2016, 2018, and 2020 federal elections, as well as other types of elections, with a focus on the potential election impact on congressional or presidential election results.

The information comes from online news stories, official court records, the Heritage Foundation Election Fraud Database, and other sources. We have included our own summaries and attempted to add the case number and political party for every case listed. We will continue to look for the information currently listed as “not found.”

Please let us know of any voter fraud convictions we have missed.

Number of Voter Fraud Convictions by State, 2016-2020

Click on a state name for detailed information about the voter fraud convictions in that state.

1. Alabama – 2 Convictions10. Iowa – 2 Convictions19. Nebraska – 2 Convictions28. Oklahoma – 3 Convictions
2. Arizona – 12 Convictions11. Kansas – 5 Convictions20. Nevada – 6 Convictions29. Oregon – 7 Convictions
3. Arkansas – 1 Conviction12. Kentucky – 1 Conviction21. New Hampshire – 13 Convictions30. Pennsylvania – 15 Convictions
4. California – 20 Convictions13. Louisiana – 6 Conviction22. New Jersey – 1 Conviction31. Tennessee – 2 Convictions
5. Colorado – 8 Convictions14. Maryland – 2 Convictions23. New Mexico – 2 Convictions32. Texas – 18 Convictions
6. Connecticut – 2 Convictions15. Michigan – 5 Convictions24. New York – 1 Conviction33. Virginia – 9 Convictions
7. Florida – 36 Convictions16. Minnesota – 15 Convictions25. North Carolina – 30 Convictions34. Washington – 3 Convictions
8. Illinois – 16 Convictions17. Mississippi – 6 Convictions26. North Dakota – 2 Convictions35. West Virginia – 12 Convictions
9. Indiana – 3 Convictions18. Missouri – 1 Conviction27. Ohio – 7 Convictions36. Wisconsin – 15 Convictions