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Voter Fraud Convictions in the 2016-2020 Elections

Last updated September 2022

Quick Facts:

  • There have been 236 convictions across 36 states for voter fraud in all US elections between 2016 and 2020.
  • 119 convictions related to a presidential or congressional race: 112 cases involved one vote, three cases had seven votes or less, and two cases had an unknown number of votes.
  • The political affiliations are known for 139 defendants: 39.6% of those convicted were Democrats, 43.9% were Republicans, while the remainder were Independent, nonpartisan, or unaffiliated.
  • Donald Trump lost the 2016 popular vote by 2.8 million votes and the 2020 election by 7 million votes.
Andrey_Popov/Shutterstock.com

Since 2012, Donald Trump and many other Republicans have claimed there was substantial voter fraud in US elections and that, if not for that fraud, Trump would have won the popular vote in the 2016 election (he lost by 2,868,686 million votes), and would have won the 2020 election (he lost by 7,052,770 million votes) and be president today.

To try to gain an objective view of the election and voter fraud claims, this section charts all election and voter fraud convictions in US elections between 2016 and 2020.

There have been 236 election and voter fraud convictions to date – including fraudulently voting and registering to vote, false declaration of candidacy, and facilitating or attempting to vote illegally. Shown below are convictions from the 2016, 2018, and 2020 federal elections, as well as other types of elections, with a focus on the potential election impact on congressional or presidential election results.

The information below comes from online news stories, official court records, the Heritage Foundation Election Fraud Database, and other sources. We have included our own summaries.

Please let us know of any voter fraud convictions we have missed. Note: We have attempted to add the case number and political party for every case listed on this page. We will continue to look for the information currently listed as “not found.”

Summary Chart: 2016-2020 Voter Fraud Convictions by State

1. Alabama – 1 Conviction10. Iowa – 1 Conviction19. Nebraska – 2 Convictions28. Oklahoma – 3 Convictions
2. Arizona – 11 Convictions11. Kansas – 5 Convictions20. Nevada – 6 Convictions29. Oregon – 7 Convictions
3. Arkansas – 1 Conviction12. Kentucky – 1 Conviction21. New Hampshire – 13 Convictions30. Pennsylvania – 13 Convictions
4. California – 20 Convictions13. Louisiana – 6 Conviction22. New Jersey – 1 Conviction31. Tennessee – 1 Conviction
5. Colorado – 8 Convictions14. Maryland – 2 Convictions23. New Mexico – 2 Convictions32. Texas – 16 Convictions
6. Connecticut – 2 Convictions15. Michigan – 3 Convictions24. New York – 1 Conviction33. Virginia – 9 Convictions
7. Florida – 17 Convictions16. Minnesota – 11 Convictions25. North Carolina – 23 Convictions34. Washington – 2 Convictions
8. Illinois – 15 Convictions17. Mississippi – 6 Convictions26. North Dakota – 2 Convictions35. West Virginia – 8 Convictions
9. Indiana – 1 Conviction18. Missouri – 1 Conviction27. Ohio – 6 Convictions36. Wisconsin – 9 Convictions

Detailed Chart: 236 Voter Fraud Convictions between 2016 and 2020

ALABAMA – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
1.Election Year: 2016
Name: Elbert Melton, Jr
Party Affiliation: Non-Partisan[1]Municipal elections are nonpartisan, according to Assistant Legal Counsel, Alabama Secretary of State’s Office response on August 10, 2021. According to the “Register to Vote / Update Your … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Elbert Melton, Jr was convicted of voter fraud and released on bond on 1/16/2019.[2]AP News, “Alabama Mayor Convicted of Voter Fraud, Removed from Office,” altoday.com, January 17, 2019 One month later he was sentenced to one year in jail to be followed by two years of probation.[3]AP News, “Former Gordon Mayor Elbert Melton Convicted of Voter Fraud, Sentenced to Year in Jail,” altoday.com, February 20, 2019 On 4/3/2020, an application for rehearing at the Criminal Court of Appeals was overruled. On 6/12/2020 the Supreme Court of Alabama denied a writ of certiorari that would have led to a case review.
“The mayor of Gordon, Alabama, has been convicted of voter fraud and removed from office. News outlets report Elbert Melton was convicted … of unlawfully falsifying ballots when he was elected in 2016. … This conviction strips him of his office. … Melton was charged in September with absentee ballot fraud and second-degree theft of property.”[4]AP News, “Alabama Mayor Convicted of Voter Fraud, Removed from Office,” altoday.com, January 17, 2019 “Melton,… illegally notarized two ballots, without witnesses present, during the 2016 election in which he was running for mayor.”[5]Heritage Foundation, “Election Fraud Cases – Elbert Melton,” heritage.org, accessed on May 10, 2022

Case Notes:
Elbert Melton, Jr. v. State of Alabama
Houston Circuit Court: CC-17-1469; CC-17-1470
Criminal Appeals: CR-18-0498
Supreme Court of Alabama: 1190573
Type of Election:
Mayoral

Party Affiliation:
Non-Partisan

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections

Return to Summary Chart

ARIZONA – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
2.Election Year: 2020
Name: Guillermina Fuentes
Party Affiliation: Democrat[6]Bob Christie, “Records Show Coordinated Arizona Ballot Collection Scheme,” apnews.com, June 1, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Guillermina Fuentes pleaded guilty on 6/2/2022 to one felony count of ballot abuse in relation to offences committed during an August 2020 primary election.[7]Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich, “Guillermina Fuentes Enters Guilty Plea in Yuma County Ballot Harvesting Case,” azag.gov, June 2, 2022 Fuentes’ sentencing is scheduled for September 1, 2022.[8]Associated Press, “2 Women To Be Sentenced in Southern Arizona Ballot Harvesting Case,” azcentral.com, Jul 7, 2022
“Guillermina Fuentes of San Luis pleaded guilty on Thursday [6/2/2022] to one count of Ballot Abuse, a Class 6 Felony, for her role in an August 2020 Primary Election ‘ballot harvesting’ scheme where early ballots from other voters were collected and deposited into a ballot box on primary Election Day. … Arizona law only provides for a family member, household member, or caregiver of the voter to collect voted or unvoted early ballots from another person.”[9]Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich, “Guillermina Fuentes Enters Guilty Plea in Yuma County Ballot Harvesting Case,” azag.gov, June 2, 2022

Case Notes:
State of Arizona v. Alma Yadira Juarez and Guillermina Fuentes
Case Number: S-1400-CR-202101029 / 87 SGJ 230 [Indictment Number]
Indictment and Plea Agreement
Type of Election:
Municipal Primary

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
3.Election Year: 2020
Name: Alma Yadira Juarez
Party Affiliation: Unclear, her co-defendent was a Democrat[10]Associated Press, “2 Women To Be Sentenced in Southern Arizona Ballot Harvesting Case,” azcentral.com, Jul 7, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Alma Yadira Juarez pleaded guilty in March 2022 to one misdemeanor count of ballot abuse in relation to offences committed during an August 2020 primary election.[11]Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich, “Alma Juarez Enters Guilty Plea in Yuma County Ballot Harvesting Case,” azag.gov, March 2, 2022 Juarez’s sentencing is scheduled for September 1, 2022.[12]Associated Press, “2 Women To Be Sentenced in Southern Arizona Ballot Harvesting Case,” azcentral.com, Jul 7, 2022
“Alma Juarez of San Luis pleaded guilty to one count of Ballot Abuse for her role in an August 2020 Primary Election ‘ballot harvesting’ scheme where early ballots from other voters were collected and deposited into a ballot box on primary Election Day. … Arizona law only provides for a family member, household member, or caregiver of the voter to collect voted or unvoted early ballots from another person.”[13]Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich, “Alma Juarez Enters Guilty Plea in Yuma County Ballot Harvesting Case,” azag.gov, March 2, 2022

Case Notes:
State of Arizona v. Alma Yadira Juarez and Guillermina Fuentes
Case Number: S-1400-CR-202001214 / 87 SGJ 230 [Indictment Number]
Indictment and Plea Agreement
Type of Election:
Municipal Primary

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
4.Election Year: 2020
Name: Roberto Garcia
Party Affiliation: Not Found [14]According to the Arizona voter registration form, voters in Arizona can list their party preference as Republican, Democratic, Other, or None. – Source: Office of the Secretary of State Katie … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Roberto Garcia pleaded guilty on 7/25/2022 to one count of illegal voting for illegally casting a vote in the November 2020 presidential election.[15]Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich, “San Tan Valley Man Pleads Guilty to Illegal Voting in 2020 Election,” azag.gov, July 27, 2022 Garcia was sentenced on 9/12/2022, to one and a half years imprisonment to run concurrently with a sentence he is already serving for an unrelated crime.[16]Tom Joyce, “Arizona Man Sentencedfor Illegally Voting in 2020 Presidential Election,” washingtonexaminer.com, September 14, 2022
“Roberto Garcia of San Tan Valley entered a guilty plea on Monday, July 25, 2022 in Pinal County Superior Court to one count of Illegal Voting for illegally casting a vote in the 2020 General Election while he was not eligible to do so due to prior felony convictions. … Garcia falsely completed a voter registration form indicating that he had not been convicted of a felony or that his rights had been restored. Garcia however,… had not had his rights restored.”[17]Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich, “San Tan Valley Man Pleads Guilty to Illegal Voting in 2020 Election,” azag.gov, July 27, 2022

Case Notes:
The State of Arizona v. Roberto Garcia
Case Number: S-1100-CR-2022-00575
Indictment and Plea
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
5.Election Year: 2020
Name: Tracey Kay McKee
Party Affiliation: Republican[18]Jeremy Duda, “Scottsdale Woman Indicted for Casting Dead Mother’s Ballot,” azmirror.com, July 13, 2021

Offense and Sentencing:
Tracey Kay Mckee pleaded guilty on 1/26/2022 to “a felony count of Attempted Illegal Voting … in the 2020 General Election.”[19]Office of Attorney General Mark Brnovich, “Scottsdale Woman Pleads Guilty for Casting Illegal Vote in the Name of Her Deceased Mother,” azag.gov, February 1, 2022 McKee was sentenced on 4/29/2022 to two years of supervised probation, 100 hours of community service, and over $2000 in associated fees.[20]Superior Court of Arizona, County of Maricopa, State of Arizona v. Tracey Kay McKee Case Number: CR-2021001430 – Sentencing Order
“A Scottsdale woman pleaded guilty last week to submitting her dead mother’s ballot in the 2020 general election. Tracey Kay McKee, 64, admitted to mailing in an early ballot after signing her mother’s name on the envelope, the Arizona Attorney General’s Office said … McKee’s mother, Mary Arendt, died Oct. 5, 2020, two days before the start of the early voting period.”[21]KTAR.com, “Scottsdale Woman Pleads Guilty in Voter Fraud Case for Sending in Dead Mother’s Ballot,” ktar.com, February 1, 2022 “McKee has been a registered Republican for the last two decades. Arendt was a Republican for at least 35 years.”[22]Brahm Resnik, “How a Scottsdale Woman and Her Late Mother Were Swept Up in Volunteers’ Investigation of ‘Dead Voters’,” 12news.com, July 14, 2021

Case Notes:
The State of Arizona v. Tracey Kay McKee
Case Number: CR-2021-001430
Indictment, Plea Agreement, and Sentencing Order
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
6.Election Year: 2016, 2018, and 2020
Name: Joseph John Marak
Party Affiliation: Not Found[23]According to the Arizona voter registration form, voters in Arizona can list their party preference as Republican, Democratic, Other, or None. – Source: Office of the Secretary of State Katie … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Joseph John Marak pleaded guilty in January 2022 to one felony count of “Submission of a Materially False Voter Registration Application”[24]United States Attorney’s Office, District of Arizona, “Surprise Man Sentenced for Illegal Voting ,” justice.gov, March 25, 2022 in which he falsely certified that ‘I am not a convicted felon’.”[25]ADI Staff Reporter, “Surprise Convicted Felon Sentenced For Illegal Voting,” arizonadailyindependent.com, March 27, 2022 Marak was sentenced on 3/25/2022 to 30 months of supervised probation and a $2,400 fine.[26]United States Attorney’s Office, District of Arizona, “Surprise Man Sentenced for Illegal Voting ,” justice.gov, March 25, 2022
“[Joseph John] Marak, age 62, of Surprise, pleaded guilty in January 2022 to submitting a voter registration application in which he falsely certified that ‘I am not a convicted felon.’ Marak’s certification was false because in August 2011, he was convicted of extortion while serving in the U.S. Army and was sentenced to 72 months in prison. Marak admitted that based upon his fraudulent registration, he voted in six federal elections from 2016 to 2020.”[27]ADI Staff Reporter, “Surprise Convicted Felon Sentenced For Illegal Voting,” arizonadailyindependent.com, March 27, 2022

Case Notes:
Case Number: CR-22-00021-SMB
Type of Election:
Presidential, Primary, Midterm

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
6 illegal votes, party unknown
7. Election Year: 2020
Name: Krista Michelle Conner
Party Affiliation: Republican[28]Darik News, “AZ Woman Pleads Guilty to Voter Fraud; Another Accused of Illegal Voting,” darik.news, February 2, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Krista Michelle Conner pleaded guilty on 4/4/2022 to one count of attempted illegal voting “for casting a vote in the name of a deceased person through an early ballot cast in the 2020 General Election.”[29]Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich, “Cochise County Woman Pleads Guilty for Casting a Vote in Name of Deceased Mother,” azag.gov, March 4, 2022 Conner was sentenced on 6/6/2022 to three years of supervised probation, 100 hours of community service, and $890 in fines and surcharges; Conner also loses the right to vote whilst on probation.[30]Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich, “Cochise County Woman Sentenced For Casting the Early Ballot of Her Deceased Mother,” azag.gov, June 6, 2022
“Krista Michelle Conner, a Cochise County resident, has pleaded guilty for casting a vote in the name of a deceased person through an early ballot cast in the 2020 General Election. … Conner had been previously charged in a felony indictment handed down on October 25, 2021, following allegations that she signed the name of a deceased registered voter named Caroline Jeanne Sullivan to an early ballot envelope. Conner is the daughter of Sullivan, who died on September 7, 2020.”[31]Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich, “Cochise County Woman Pleads Guilty for Casting a Vote in Name of Deceased Mother,” azag.gov, March 4, 2022

Case Notes:
The State of Arizona v. Krista Michelle Conner
Case Number: S-0200-CR-202100868
Indictment and Plea Agreement
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
8.Election Year: 2020
Name: Victor John Varela
Party Affiliation: Independent[32]Adrian Skabelund, “Primary Election Likely for Flagstaff Mayor’s Race, No Primary for Council Race,” azdailysun.com, April 8, 2020

Offense and Sentencing:
Victor John Varela pleaded guilty in April 2020 “to one felony count of ‘presentment of a false instrument for filing’ in exchange for the dismissal” of three further felony charges and eight misdemeanor charges[33]Brady Wheeler, “Disgraced Flagstaff Mayoral Candidate Varela Sentenced to Two Years of Probation for Forgery,” azdailysun.com, April 30, 2021 in relation to offenses committed between January 2020 and April 2020.[34]Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich, “Former Flagstaff Mayoral Candidate Indicted for Submitting Forged Signatures,” azag.gov, July 31, 2020 Varela was sentenced on 4/30/2021 to two years of probation and a $5,000 fine.[35]Brady Wheeler, “Disgraced Flagstaff Mayoral Candidate Varela Sentenced to Two Years of Probation for Forgery,” azdailysun.com, April 30, 2021
“Victor Varela, 59, admitted to the Arizona Daily Sun last year that he had knowingly submitted fraudulent signatures in order to appear on the ballot in the August primary for mayor. … The falsified petition included more than 1,000 signatures, many including fake names and fake addresses. More than 700 of the addresses Varela used were not registered with the city’s mapping system … In instances where real addresses were used, many were names of residents who did not live at the address or who were not real and had not signed.”[36]Brady Wheeler, “Disgraced Flagstaff Mayoral Candidate Varela Sentenced to Two Years of Probation for Forgery,” azdailysun.com, April 30, 2021

Case Notes:
The State of Arizona v. Victor John Valera
Case Number: S-0300-CR-202000609
Indictment and Sentencing Order
Type of Election:
Ballot Petition before a Mayoral Election

Party Affiliation:
Independent

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
9.Election Year: 2020
Name: Melinda Sue Baird
Party Affiliation: Not Found[37]According to the Arizona voter registration form, voters in Arizona can list their party preference as Republican, Democratic, Other, or None. – Source: Office of the Secretary of State Katie … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Melinda Sue Baird pleaded guilty on 12/7/2021[38]Maricopa County Justice Courts, “Justice Courts Case Information – Case History – Case Number: JC2021-138832,” http://justicecourts.maricopa.gov, accessed on May 24, 2022 to one count of “Presenting a False Instrument for Filing for signing and mailing her deceased mother’s early ballot in the 2020 General Election.”[39]Arizona Attorney General’s Office – Fraud & Special Prosecutions Section, “Prosecutions Related to Voting or Elections Since 2010,” azag.gov, March 2022 Baird was sentenced to probation, 100 hours of community service, and a $1,000 fine plus associated fees.[40]Arizona Attorney General’s Office – Fraud & Special Prosecutions Section, “Prosecutions Related to Voting or Elections Since 2010,” azag.gov, March 2022
“Melinda Sue Baird … pleaded guilty to Presenting a False Instrument for Filing for signing and mailing her deceased mother’s early ballot in the 2020 General Election. Sentenced to a term of probation, 100 hours of community service, and a $1,000.00 fine + surcharges. Defendant completed community restitution in lieu of the monetary obligation, thereby terminating her probation.”[41]Arizona Attorney General’s Office – Fraud & Special Prosecutions Section, “Prosecutions Related to Voting or Elections Since 2010,” azag.gov, March 2022

Case Notes:
The State of Arizona v. Melinda Sue Baird
Case Number: JC 2021-138832
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
10.Election Year: 2016 and 2018
Name: Marcia Johnson
Party Affiliation: Not Found[42]According to the Arizona voter registration form, voters in Arizona can list their party preference as Republican, Democratic, Other, or None. – Source: Office of the Secretary of State Katie … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Marcia Johnson “pleaded guilty in December 2021 to casting two ballots in the November 2018 federal election.”[43]United States Attorney’s Office, District of Arizona, “Lake Havasu City Woman Sentenced for Casting Illegal Vote,” justice.gov, February 28, 2022 Johnson was sentenced on 2/28/2022 to one year of supervised probation and a $1,000 fine.[44]United States Attorney’s Office, District of Arizona, “Lake Havasu City Woman Sentenced for Casting Illegal Vote,” justice.gov, February 28, 2022
“[Marcia] Johnson pleaded guilty in December 2021 to casting two ballots in the November 2018 federal election. Johnson voted twice by casting her own mail-in ballot as well as the one that was sent to her father, who died in 2012 and whose name had remained on the Mohave County voter rolls. According to the charging document, mail-in ballots sent to Johnson’s deceased father were returned in seven other federal elections after his 2012 death.”[45]United States Attorney’s Office, District of Arizona, “Lake Havasu City Woman Sentenced for Casting Illegal Vote,” justice.gov, February 28, 2022

Case Notes:
Case Number: CR-21-08140-PHX-DJH
Type of Election:
Presidential, Midterm

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
+/-7 illegal vote(s), party unknown
11.Election Year: 2016
Name: Richard John Greenfield
Party Affiliation: Republican[46]Arizona Daily Independent News Service, “80 Year-Old Tucson Man Gets Probation, Fine, Community Service For Voter Fraud,” arizonadailyindependent.com, October 3, 2019

Offense and Sentencing:
Richard John Greenfield pleaded guilty in Pima County, Arizona, on 8/26/2019 to “one felony count of Attempted Illegal Voting … committed on or about October 21, 2016 through November 8, 2016.”[47]Arizona Superior Court, Pima County, “Minute Entry: Change of Plea – Case Number CR-2019-2680,” sc.pima.gov, August 26, 2019 Greenfield was sentenced to two years supervised probation, 100 hours of community restitution, and a fine of $2,500; he also lost the right to vote in Arizona while on probation.[48]Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich, “Arizona Man Sentenced to Two Years Probation for Voter Fraud,” azag.gov, October 3, 2019
“Attorney General Mark Brnovich announced 80-year-old Richard John Greenfield was sentenced to two years of probation for voting twice in the 2016 General Election. … In August 2019, Greenfield pleaded guilty to one felony count of Attempted Illegal Voting. He admitted that he voted once in Pima County, Arizona and once in Washoe County, Nevada. … Greenfield’s conduct was initially identified and referred to the Attorney General’s Office by the Arizona Secretary of State’s Office in 2018.”[49]Katie Conner, “Arizona Man Sentenced to Two Years Probation for Voter Fraud,” azag.gov, October 3, 2019

Case Notes:
The State of Arizona v. Richard John Greenfield
Case Number: CR-2019-2680
Indictment and Plea Agreement
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
12.Election Year: 2016
Name: Randy Allen Jumper
Party Affiliation: Former Republican, currently Independent / Non-Partisan Voter[50]Dylan Smith, “Tucson Man Faces Felony Charges for Voting Twice in 2016 Election,” tucsonsentinel.com, August 22, 2019

Offense and Sentencing:
Randy Allen Jumper pleaded guilty in Pima County, Arizona, on 6/15/2020 to “Attempted Illegal Voting … committed during a period on or about October 14, 2016, and evening on or about November 8, 2016.”[51]Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich, “Plea Agreement – Case Number CR-2019-3452-001,” azag.gov, June 15, 2020 Jumper was sentenced on 7/20/2020 to three years probation, 300 hours of community service, and a fine of $5,000; he also lost the right to vote in Arizona and from re-registering to vote while on probation.[52]Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich, “Former Tucson Man Sentenced for Double Voting in 2016 Election,” azag.gov, July 22, 2020
“A Tucson man is facing charges for illegally casting two ballots in the 2016 election — once in Pima County [AZ] and once in Nevada. Randy Allen Jumper, a longtime Republican who cast his last ballot as an independent … was a regular voter; he cast a ballot in ‘virtually every primary and general going back to the ’80s,’ Deputy Pima County Recorder Chris Roads told TucsonSentinel.com … The last ballot he cast here was in 2016 … In Nevada, Jumper is registered as a nonpartisan voter. He registered there in July 2016, online records show.”[53]Dylan Smith, “Tucson Man Faces Felony Charges for Voting Twice in 2016 Election,” tucsonsentinel.com, August 22, 2019

Case Notes:
The State of Arizona v. Randy Allen Jumper
Case Number: CR-2019-3452
Indictment and Plea Agreement
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Former Republican, currently Independent / Non-Partisan Voter

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown

Return to Summary Chart

ARKANSAS – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
13.Election Year: 2016
Name: David Lee Pruitt
Party Affiliation: Republican[54]”Party the Registrant Participated in during this Election,” from a document sent by the office of the White County Voter Registration, County Clerk, August 20, 2021

Offense and Sentencing:
David Lee Pruitt pleaded guilty on 8/2/2016 to a misdemeanor charge of violation of election law after voting twice in the March 1 primary election.[55]Debra Hale-Shelton, “Beebe Alderman: Did Vote 2 Times,” arkansasonline.com, August 5, 2016 Pruitt was sentenced to a fine of $750 and ordered to pay $170 in court costs and other associated fees.[56]Debra Hale-Shelton, “Beebe Alderman: Did Vote 2 Times,” arkansasonline.com, August 5, 2016
“David Pruitt, a Beebe alderman charged with violating election law by voting twice in the March preferential primary, pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor as part of a negotiated plea deal … Pruitt cast a ballot both during early voting and on election day … Avoiding a felony will allow him to run for re-election in November.”[57]David Ramsey, “Beebe Alderman Accepts Plea Deal and Pays $750 Fine for Violating Election Law,” arktimes.com, August 4, 2016
On 11/19/2020, the Arkansas Supreme Court upheld a lower court ruling deeming Pruitt ineligible to hold public office due to the 2016 misdemeanor violation.[58]Greg Geary, “Beebe Councilman-Elect David Pruitt Ruled Ineligible to Hold Office by Arkansas Supreme Court,” thedailycitizen.com, November 20, 2020

Case Notes:
David Pruitt v. Jake Smith et al.
Case Number: CV-20-631
Opinion
Type of Election:
Presidential Primary

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote in the Primary / No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections

Return to Summary Chart

CALIFORNIA – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
14.Election Year: 2020
Name: Hugh Alexander Campbell, known as Alex Campbell
Party Affiliation: Republican[59]Del Norte Republicans, “Vote 2020” Election Mailer, accessed March 28, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Alex Campbell pleaded guilty on 3/2/2021 to one felony count of election fraud by making a false declaration of candidacy in a local council election; two felony charges of perjury were dropped.[60]Jessica Cejnar, “Campbell Pleads Guilty To One Count Election Fraud,” wildrivers.lostcoastoutpost.com, March 2, 2021 and Knox Keranen, “Former City Council Member Alex Campbell … Continue reading Campbell was sentenced to two days in jail, two years of probation, and a $1,600 fine plus restitutional costs to the Council to fund the training of a new council member.[61]Knox Keranen, “Former City Council Member Alex Campbell Sentenced,” triplicate.com, April 23, 2021
“Alex Campbell pleaded guilty to one count of election fraud Tuesday and, though it may not be a term in his probation, he indicated that he will resign from the Crescent City Council. Campbell, who was elected to the Council on Nov. 3, 2020 and appointed mayor pro tem in December, pleaded guilty to one count of making a false declaration of candidacy. Campbell submitted a form to the Del Norte County Clerk on Aug. 6, 2020 stating his current address was within city limits when his actual place of residence was on Del Mar Road outside the city’s boundaries, Deputy District Attorney Eric Bryant told Del Norte County Superior Court Judge Bob Cochran.”[62]Jessica Cejnar, “Campbell Pleads Guilty To One Count Election Fraud,” wildrivers.lostcoastoutpost.com, March 2, 2021

Case Notes:
Case heard at the Superior Court of California – Del Norte County
Case Number: DNJC-CRF-2021-9031-1
Type of Election:
Local Council

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
15.Election Year: 2020
Name: Marcos Raul Arevalo
Party Affiliation: Not Found[63]According to the website of the Orange County Registrar of Voters, voters in California are not required to register with a political party. When registering to vote, voters you may select the option … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Marcos Raul Arevalo was found guilty on 11/2/2021 of three counts of violating elections code and one count of violating the penal code; 13 further counts were dismissed.[64]The Superior Court of California, County of Los Angeles, “Online Services, Criminal Case Summary – Case Number: LACBA491333-02,” lacourt.org, accessed on May 26, 2022 Arevalo was sentenced on the same day to two years in any state jail for each count.[65]The Superior Court of California, County of Los Angeles, “Online Services, Criminal Case Summary – Case Number: LACBA491333-02,” lacourt.org, accessed on May 26, 2022 It is unclear if these are to run concurrently.
“Between July and October of 2020, [Carlos Antonio De Bourbon] Montenegro, with the assistance of [Marcos Raul] Arevalo, allegedly submitted more than 8,000 fraudulent voter registration applications for homeless people, as well as faking names, addresses, and signatures on paperwork to nominate Montenegro himself to run for Mayor of Hawthorne,… The pair also used Montenegro’s home address, as well as three post office boxes, to receive the mail-in ballots.”[66]Evan Symon, “Two Arrested on Voter Fraud, Perjury Charges in LA County,” californiaglobe.com, November 18, 2020

Case Notes:
The State of California v. Marcos Raul Arevalo
Case Number: LAC BA491333-02
Complaint and Court Records
Type of Election:
Voter Registration before a Mayoral Election

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
16.Election Year: 2018
Name: April Atilano
Party Affiliation: Not Found[67]According to the website of the Orange County Registrar of Voters, voters in California are not required to register with a political party. When registering to vote, voters you may select the option … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
April Atilano pleaded guilty on 3/6/2020 to six felony counts of “Elections Fraud [Registration of Fictitious Person] in violation of Elections Code section EL18101;”[68]Office of the District Attorney, County of Madera, “April Atilano Pleads Guilty to Six Counts of Elections Fraud,” maderacounty.com, March 6, 2020 and Superior Court of California – … Continue reading six further felony charges were dismissed.[69]Superior Court of California – County of Madera case records search – MCR064722 People vs. April Atilano Atilano was sentenced on 4/9/2020 to 364 days in jail, three years of probation, and a $1,200 fine.[70]gvwire, “Election Fraud Sends Madera County Woman to Jail for a Year,” gvwire.com, April 16, 2020 and Superior Court of California – County of Madera case records search – … Continue reading
“In 2018, Atilano was hired by a private company to register residents of Madera County to vote [ahead of the gubernatorial election]. After contacting residents, Atilano unlawfully changed some residents’ information, including party affiliation, and then she forged their signatures on the registration form. [County Clerk-Recorder Rebecca] Martinez and her staff immediately recognized the voter registration cards appeared to have forged signatures and notified the Madera County District Attorney and the California Secretary of State’s office.”[71]SNO Staff, “Update: Woman Sentenced to Year in Jail for Election Fraud,” sierranewsonline.com, April 16, 2020 “The affected voters were also contacted, and many confirmed they had not tried to re-register and did not want to change their party affiliation as the cards indicated.”[72]Sara Sandrik, “Madera County Woman Charged With 12 Counts of Felony Voter Fraud,” abc30.com, October 24, 2019

Case Notes:
The People of the State of California v. April Atilano
Case Number: MCR064722
Type of Election:
Gubernatorial

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
17.Election Year: 2018
Name: Richard John Davis
Party Affiliation: Not Found[73]According to the website of the Orange County Registrar of Voters, voters in California are not required to register with a political party. When registering to vote, voters you may select the option … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Richard John Davis pleaded guilty on 8/16/2019 to one felony count of committing voter registration fraud.[74]Kate Cimini, “California Man Who Registered Dogs, Dead Father to Vote, Sentenced to Probation,” thecalifornian.com, Aug. 16, 2016 and Superior Court of California – County of … Continue reading Davis was sentenced on the same day to three years probation and 48 hours of community service.[75]Lindsey K. O’Shea, Deputy District Attorney, “Pacific Grove Man Sentenced to Probation for Voter Registration Fraud,” co.monterey.ca.us, August 16, 2019
“On October 22, 2018, the Monterey County Elections Department received an online voter registration form in the name of Eugene Davis, who was born in 1923. But the Elections Department confirmed that Eugene Davis was deceased. On October 24, 2018, Richard Davis, the son of Eugene Davis, called the Monterey County Sheriff’s Office to report that he had registered his deceased grandfather to vote in order to prove that the voter registration system is flawed.”[76]Lindsey K. O’Shea, Deputy District Attorney, “Pacific Grove Man Sentenced to Probation for Voter Registration Fraud,” co.monterey.ca.us, August 16, 2019

Case Notes:
The People of the State of California v. Richard John Davis
Case Number: 19CR003742
Court Records
Type of Election:
Voter Registration before a Midterm

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
18.Election Year: 2016
Name: Richard Howard, also known as Thomas Howard and Richard Thomas Howard
Party Affiliation: Not Found[77]According to the website of the Orange County Registrar of Voters, voters in California are not required to register with a political party. When registering to vote, voters you may select the option … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Richard Howard pleaded no contest on 7/24/2020 to one felony count each of “Subscribing a Fictitious Name, or the Name of Another, to an Initiative/Petition, in Violation of Elections Code Section 18613” and “Registration of a Fictitious Person, in Violation of Elections Code Section 18101” – both offenses committed in May 2016; one further felony charge and one misdemeanor charge were dismissed.[78]The People of California v. 1. Richard Howard AKA Richard Thomas Howard, 2. Rose Makeda Sweeney, 3. Christopher Joseph Williams, 4. Kirkland Kauzava Washington, 5. Harold Bennett, 6. Louis Thomas … Continue reading For the first felony conviction, Hall was sentenced on the same day to three years in a state prison, suspended for three years and placed on three years of probation; he was also fined $70 plus associated fines and fees.[79]The People of California v. 1. Richard Howard AKA Richard Thomas Howard, 2. Rose Makeda Sweeney, 3. Christopher Joseph Williams, 4. Kirkland Kauzava Washington, 5. Harold Bennett, 6. Louis Thomas … Continue reading For the second felony conviction, Hall was sentenced to two years in a state prison, suspended for three years, to run concurrently with the first felony sentencing.[80]The People of California v. 1. Richard Howard AKA Richard Thomas Howard, 2. Rose Makeda Sweeney, 3. Christopher Joseph Williams, 4. Kirkland Kauzava Washington, 5. Harold Bennett, 6. Louis Thomas … Continue reading
“Four men have admitted their role in a scheme where money and cigarettes were offered to homeless people on Skid Row in exchange for false and forged signatures on ballot petitions and voter registration forms, the Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office announced today [7/29/2020]. … Richard Howard (dob 1/12/56) and Louis Thomas Wise (dob 8/4/82) pleaded no contest Friday to one felony count each of subscribing a fictitious name, or the name of another to an initiative petition and registration of a fictitious person.”[81]Jackie Lacey, District Attorney, “Four Plead to Voter Fraud Scheme on Skid Row,” da.lacounty.gov, July 29, 2020

Case Notes:
The People of the State of California v. Defendant 1. Richard Howard AKA Richard Thomas Howard
Case Number: BA475943
Indictment and Minute Order
Type of Election:
Referendum Petition / Voter Registration

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
19.Election Year: 2016 and 2018
Name: Rose Makeda Sweeney
Party Affiliation: Not Found[82]According to the website of the Orange County Registrar of Voters, voters in California are not required to register with a political party. When registering to vote, voters you may select the option … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Rose Makeda Sweeney pleaded guilty on 9/1/2020 to two felony counts of “Circulating an Initiative/Petition Containing False, Forged, or Fictitious Names, in Violation of Elections Code Section 18611” committed in May 2016 and May 2018; two further felony charges and two misdemeanor charges were dismissed.[83]The People of California v. 1. Richard Howard AKA Richard Thomas Howard, 2. Rose Makeda Sweeney, 3. Christopher Joseph Williams, 4. Kirkland Kauzava Washington, 5. Harold Bennett, 6. Louis Thomas … Continue reading For both convictions, Sweeney was sentenced on the same day to three years probation and a fine of $140 plus associated fines and fees.[84]The People of California v. 1. Richard Howard AKA Richard Thomas Howard, 2. Rose Makeda Sweeney, 3. Christopher Joseph Williams, 4. Kirkland Kauzava Washington, 5. Harold Bennett, 6. Louis Thomas … Continue reading
“A man and a woman pleaded guilty today [9/1/2020] for their role in a scheme where money and cigarettes were offered to homeless people on Skid Row in exchange for false and forged signatures on ballot petitions and voter registration forms, the Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office announced. … Rose Sweeney (dob 12/11/75) pleaded guilty to two felony counts … [and] was placed on formal probation for three years. … The crimes occurred during the 2016 and 2018 election cycles.”[85]Jackie Lacey, District Attorney, “Pair Plead to Voter Fraud Scheme on Skid Row,” da.lacounty.gov, September 1, 2020

Case Notes:
The People of the State of California v. Defendant 2. Rose Makeda Sweeney
Case Number: BA475943
Indictment and Minute Order
Type of Election:
Referendum Petition

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
20.Election Year: 2016
Name: Christopher Joseph Williams
Party Affiliation: Not Found[86]According to the website of the Orange County Registrar of Voters, voters in California are not required to register with a political party. When registering to vote, voters you may select the option … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Christopher Joseph Williams pleaded no contest on 7/24/2020 to one felony count of “Circulating an Initiative/Petition Containing False, Forged, or Fictitious Names, in Violation of Elections Code Section 18611” committed in May 2016; two further felony charges and one misdemeanor charge were dismissed.[87]The People of California v. 1. Richard Howard AKA Richard Thomas Howard, 2. Rose Makeda Sweeney, 3. Christopher Joseph Williams, 4. Kirkland Kauzava Washington, 5. Harold Bennett, 6. Louis Thomas … Continue reading Williams was sentenced on the same day to three years of probation and fined $70 plus associated fines and fees.[88]The People of California v. 1. Richard Howard AKA Richard Thomas Howard, 2. Rose Makeda Sweeney, 3. Christopher Joseph Williams, 4. Kirkland Kauzava Washington, 5. Harold Bennett, 6. Louis Thomas … Continue reading
“Four men have admitted their role in a scheme where money and cigarettes were offered to homeless people on Skid Row in exchange for false and forged signatures on ballot petitions and voter registration forms, the Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office announced today [7/29/2020]. … Christopher Joseph Williams (dob 5/2/79) and Nickey Demelvin Huntley (dob 9/2/74) each pleaded no contest to one felony count of circulating an initiative or petition containing false, forged or fictitious names.”[89]Sentinel News Service, “Four Plead to Voter Fraud Scheme on Skid Row,” lasentinel.net, July 29, 2020

Case Notes:
The People of the State of California v. Defendant 3. Christopher Joseph Williams
Case Number: BA475943
Indictment and Minute Order
Type of Election:
Referendum Petition / Voter Registration

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
21.Election Year: 2016, 2017, and 2018
Name: Kirkland Kauzava Washington
Party Affiliation: Not Found[90]According to the website of the Orange County Registrar of Voters, voters in California are not required to register with a political party. When registering to vote, voters you may select the option … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Kirkland Kauzava Washington pleaded no contest on 4/6/2021 to to one felony count of “Subscribing a Fictitious Name, or the Name of Another, to an Initiative/Petition, in Violation of Elections Code Section 18613” (committed in 2016) and two felony counts of “Circulating an Initiative/Petition Containing False, Forged, or Fictitious Names, in Violation of Elections Code Section 18611” (committed in 2017 and 2018); three further felony charges and three misdemeanor charges were dismissed as part of a plea agreement.[91]The People of California v. 1. Richard Howard AKA Richard Thomas Howard, 2. Rose Makeda Sweeney, 3. Christopher Joseph Williams, 4. Kirkland Kauzava Washington, 5. Harold Bennett, 6. Louis Thomas … Continue reading Washington was sentenced on the same day to three years of formal probation with one year in the county jail for each count, to run concurrently, plus $512 of fines and fees.[92]The People of California v. 1. Richard Howard AKA Richard Thomas Howard, 2. Rose Makeda Sweeney, 3. Christopher Joseph Williams, 4. Kirkland Kauzava Washington, 5. Harold Bennett, 6. Louis Thomas … Continue reading
“Nine people are accused of various fraud charges after allegedly bribing homeless people on Skid Row with money and cigarettes to sign ballot measure petitions and voter registration forms,… The defendants allegedly solicited hundreds of false and/or forged signatures by offering homeless people $1 and/or cigarettes for their participation during the 2016 and 2018 cycles. … Kirkland Kauzava Washington, 38, Harold Bennett, 53, and Louis Thomas Wise, 36, each face eight counts and six years and four months in prison if convicted.”[93]Cindy Von Quednow, “Signature Gatherers Bribed Skid Row Homeless People in ‘Large-Scale Voter Fraud Scheme,’ DA Says,” ktla.com, November 20, 2018

Case Notes:
The People of the State of California v. Defendant 4. Kirkland Kauzava Washington
Case Number: BA475943
Indictment and Minute Order
Type of Election:
Referendum Petition

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
22.Election Year: 2016 and 2018
Name: Harold Bennett
Party Affiliation: Not Found[94]According to the website of the Orange County Registrar of Voters, voters in California are not required to register with a political party. When registering to vote, voters you may select the option … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Harold Bennett pleaded guilty on 9/1/2020 to one felony count each of “Circulating an Initiative/Petition Containing False, Forged, or Fictitious Names, in Violation of Elections Code Section 18611” (committed in 2016) and “Registration of a Fictitious Person, in Violation of Elections Code Section 18101” (committed in 2018); three further felony charges and two misdemeanor charges were dismissed.[95]The People of California v. 1. Richard Howard AKA Richard Thomas Howard, 2. Rose Makeda Sweeney, 3. Christopher Joseph Williams, 4. Kirkland Kauzava Washington, 5. Harold Bennett, 6. Louis Thomas … Continue reading Bennett was sentenced on the same day to 16 months in state prison, suspended for three years, and a $140 fine plus costs; Bennett was placed on immediate probation.[96]The People of California v. 1. Richard Howard AKA Richard Thomas Howard, 2. Rose Makeda Sweeney, 3. Christopher Joseph Williams, 4. Kirkland Kauzava Washington, 5. Harold Bennett, 6. Louis Thomas … Continue reading
“A man and a woman pleaded guilty today [9/1/2020] for their role in a scheme where money and cigarettes were offered to homeless people on Skid Row in exchange for false and forged signatures on ballot petitions and voter registration forms, the Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office announced. … Harold Bennett (dob 4/17/65) entered his plea to one felony count each of circulating an initiative or petition containing false, forged or fictitious names, and registering a fictitious person. … The crimes occurred during the 2016 and 2018 election cycles.”[97]Jackie Lacey, District Attorney, “Pair Plead to Voter Fraud Scheme on Skid Row,” da.lacounty.gov, September 1, 2020

Case Notes:
The People of the State of California v. Defendant 5. Harold Bennett
Case Number: BA475943
Indictment and Minute Order
Type of Election:
Referendum Petition / Voter Registration

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
23.Election Year: 2016 and 2018
Name: Louis Thomas Wise
Party Affiliation: Not Found[98]According to the website of the Orange County Registrar of Voters, voters in California are not required to register with a political party. When registering to vote, voters you may select the option … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Louis Thomas Wise pleaded no contest on 7/24/2020 to one felony count each of “Circulating an Initiative/Petition Containing False, Forged, or Fictitious Names, in Violation of Elections Code Section 18611” (committed in May 2016) and “Registration of a Fictitious Person, in Violation of Elections Code Section 18101” (committed in May 2018); three further felony charges and two misdemeanor charges were dismissed.[99]The People of California v. 1. Richard Howard AKA Richard Thomas Howard, 2. Rose Makeda Sweeney, 3. Christopher Joseph Williams, 4. Kirkland Kauzava Washington, 5. Harold Bennett, 6. Louis Thomas … Continue reading For both counts, Wise was sentenced on the same day to 16 months in a state prison, suspended for three years, and placed on immediate probation to be served concurrently; Wise was also fined $70 plus associated fines and fees.[100]The People of California v. 1. Richard Howard AKA Richard Thomas Howard, 2. Rose Makeda Sweeney, 3. Christopher Joseph Williams, 4. Kirkland Kauzava Washington, 5. Harold Bennett, 6. Louis Thomas … Continue reading
“Four men have admitted their role in a scheme where money and cigarettes were offered to homeless people on Skid Row in exchange for false and forged signatures on ballot petitions and voter registration forms, the Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office announced today [7/29/2020]. … Louis Thomas Wise (dob 8/4/82) pleaded no contest Friday to one felony count each of subscribing a fictitious name, or the name of another to an initiative petition and registration of a fictitious person.”[101]Sentinel News Service, “Four Plead to Voter Fraud Scheme on Skid Row,” lasentinel.net, July 29, 2020

Case Notes:
The People of the State of California v. Defendant 6. Louis Thomas Wise
Case Number: BA475943
Indictment and Minute Order
Type of Election:
Referendum Petition / Voter Registration

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
24.Election Year: 2016
Name: Norman Hall
Party Affiliation: Not Found[102]According to the website of the Orange County Registrar of Voters, voters in California are not required to register with a political party. When registering to vote, voters you may select the option … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Norman Hall pleaded guilty on 2/19/2020 to one felony count of “Circulating an Initiative/Petition Containing False, Forged, or Fictitious Names, in Violation of Elections Code Section 18611” committed in May 2016; one further felony charge and one misdemeanor charge were dismissed.[103]The People of California v. 1. Richard Howard AKA Richard Thomas Howard, 2. Rose Makeda Sweeney, 3. Christopher Joseph Williams, 4. Kirkland Kauzava Washington, 5. Harold Bennett, 6. Louis Thomas … Continue reading Hall was sentenced on the same day to one year in a county jail, three years probation, and 100 hours of community service.[104]The People of California v. 1. Richard Howard AKA Richard Thomas Howard, 2. Rose Makeda Sweeney, 3. Christopher Joseph Williams, 4. Kirkland Kauzava Washington, 5. Harold Bennett, 6. Louis Thomas … Continue reading
“Four men have admitted their role in a scheme where money and cigarettes were offered to homeless people on Skid Row in exchange for false and forged signatures on ballot petitions and voter registration forms, the Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office announced today [7/29/2020]. … In February, codefendant Norman Hall (dob 11/1/57) pleaded guilty to one felony count of circulating a petition with false, forged or fictitious names.”[105]Sentinel News Service, “Four Plead to Voter Fraud Scheme on Skid Row,” lasentinel.net, July 29, 2020

Case Notes:
The People of the State of California v. Defendant 8. Norman Hall
Case Number: BA475943
Indictment and Minute Order
Type of Election:
Referendum Petition

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
25.Election Year: 2018
Name: Nickey Demelvin Huntley
Party Affiliation: Not Found[106]According to the website of the Orange County Registrar of Voters, voters in California are not required to register with a political party. When registering to vote, voters you may select the option … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Nickey Demelvin Huntley pleaded no contest on 7/24/2020 to one felony count of “Circulating an Initiative/Petition Containing False, Forged, or Fictitious Names, in Violation of Elections Code Section 18611” committed in May 2018; one further felony charge and one misdemeanor charge were dismissed.[107]The People of California v. 1. Richard Howard AKA Richard Thomas Howard, 2. Rose Makeda Sweeney, 3. Christopher Joseph Williams, 4. Kirkland Kauzava Washington, 5. Harold Bennett, 6. Louis Thomas … Continue reading Huntley was sentenced on the same day to three years probation and $70 in fines plus associated fees.[108]The People of California v. 1. Richard Howard AKA Richard Thomas Howard, 2. Rose Makeda Sweeney, 3. Christopher Joseph Williams, 4. Kirkland Kauzava Washington, 5. Harold Bennett, 6. Louis Thomas … Continue reading
“Four men have admitted their role in a scheme where money and cigarettes were offered to homeless people on Skid Row in exchange for false and forged signatures on ballot petitions and voter registration forms, the Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office announced today [7/29/2020]. … Christopher Joseph Williams (dob 5/2/79) and Nickey Demelvin Huntley (dob 9/2/74) each pleaded no contest to one felony count of circulating an initiative or petition containing false, forged or fictitious names.”[109]Sentinel News Service, “Four Plead to Voter Fraud Scheme on Skid Row,” lasentinel.net, July 29, 2020

Case Notes:
The People of the State of California v. Defendant 9. Nickey Demelvin Huntley
Case Number: BA475943
Indictment and Minute Order
Type of Election:
Referendum Petition / Voter Registration

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
26.Election Year: 2018
Name: Neil G. Kitchens
Party Affiliation: Republican party candidate[110]Ballotpedia.org, “Neil Kitchens,” ballotpedia.org, accessed on March 30, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Neil G. Kitchens signed a plea agreement on 11/3/2020 to plead no contest to one felony count of “Submission of False Declaration of Candidacy in violation of EL18203.”[111]The People of California v. Neil G. Kitchens Case Number: 19CR006456 Kitchens was sentenced on 2/4/2021 to two years of probation plus associated fines and fees.[112]The People of California v. Neil G. Kitchens Case Number: 19CR006456 Five further felony charges against Kitchens were dismissed.[113]The People of California v. Neil G. Kitchens Case Number: 19CR006456
“Prunedale resident and former Assembly District 30 candidate Neil Kitchens has been sentenced to probation for felony election fraud. … A state assembly candidate must be a U.S. citizen, a California resident for three years, a resident of the legislative district for one year and a registered voter in that district when the nomination papers are filed. When Kitchens ran for the open AD 30 seat, the DA’s Office said he did not live in the district. He lived in Prunedale, which is part of the 29th District. The DA’s Office said he knowingly filed falsified candidacy papers listing a Salinas address so he would be eligible. He was charged after a citizen complaint.”[114]Avery Johnson, “Former AD 30 Candidate Sentenced for Felony Election Fraud,” kion546.com, February 4, 2021

Case Notes:
The People of the State of California v. Neil G. Kitchens
Case Number: 19CR006456 / DA Case: 876980
Arraignment Information, Plea Agreement, and Minute Order
Type of Election:
State Assembly

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
27.Election Year: 2017
Name: Bradley William Jasperson
Party Affiliation: Republican[115]VoterRecords.com, “Bradley William Jasperson’s Utah Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on June 21, 2021

Offense and Sentencing:
Bradley William Jasperson of Utah pleaded no contest in San Mateo County, CA, on 1/13/2020 to two felony counts of “Perjury By Declaration” in relation to crimes committed in May 2017.[116]The People of California v. Bradley William Jasperson Case Number: 18-NF-002566-A Jasperson was sentenced on the same day to two years in a county jail and associated fees of $400.[117]The People of California v. Bradley William Jasperson Case Number: 18-NF-002566-A 17 further felony charges against Jasperson were dismissed.[118]The People of California v. Bradley William Jasperson Case Number: 18-NF-002566-A
“A husband and wife from Utah who prosecutors say gathered more than 100 forged signatures in May 2017 while working for a political consulting firm on a Pacific rent control measure were sentenced Monday to two years in county jail. Bradley William Jasperson, 36, and Jentry Jasperson, 33, were paid $5 per signature for the referendum petition that prevented a rent control measure passed by the Pacifica City Council from taking effect, prosecutors said. The felony complaint alleged 20 different victims who verified they never signed the petition, according to prosecutors.”[119]Daily Journal, “Utah Couple Gets Two Years in Election Forgery Case,” smdailyjournal.com, January 15, 2020

Case Notes:
The People of the State of California v. Bradley William Jasperson
Case Number: 18-NF-002566-A
Case Information
Type of Election:
Referendum Petition

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
28.Election Year: 2017
Name: Jentry Jasperson
Party Affiliation: Republican[120]VoterRecords.com, “Jentry Leigh Jasperson’s Utah Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on March 30, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Jentry Jasperson of Utah pleaded no contest in San Mateo County, CA, on 1/13/2020 to two felony counts of “Perjury By Declaration” in relation to crimes committed in May 2017.[121]The People of California v. Jentry Jasperson Case Number: 18-NF-002566-B For the first count, Jasperson was sentenced on the same day to two years in county jail and associated fees of $400; for the second count, she was sentenced to two years in a county jail to run concurrently with the first sentence and $70 in fees.[122]The People of California v. Jentry Jasperson Case Number: 18-NF-002566-B 17 further felony charges against Jasperson were dismissed.[123]The People of California v. Jentry Jasperson Case Number: 18-NF-002566-B
“A husband and wife from Utah who prosecutors say gathered more than 100 forged signatures in May 2017 while working for a political consulting firm on a Pacific rent control measure were sentenced Monday to two years in county jail. Bradley William Jasperson, 36, and Jentry Jasperson, 33, were paid $5 per signature for the referendum petition that prevented a rent control measure passed by the Pacifica City Council from taking effect, prosecutors said. The felony complaint alleged 20 different victims who verified they never signed the petition, according to prosecutors.”[124]Daily Journal, “Utah Couple Gets Two Years in Election Forgery Case,” smdailyjournal.com, January 15, 2020

Case Notes:
The People of the State of California v. Jentry Jasperson
Case Number: 18-NF-002566-B
Case Information
Type of Election:
Referendum Petition

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
29.Election Year: 2016
Name: Richard Anthony Hamilton
Party Affiliation: Republican[125]Richard K. De Atley, “One Voter Fraud Case Filed After 2017 Riverside County Investigation,” pe.com, November 1, 2018

Offense and Sentencing:
Richard Anthony Hamilton pleaded guilty on 3/13/2019 to a reduced charge of two misdemeanor counts of violation of election code section 18560 – attempting to vote more than once – in relation to crimes committed on 6/7/2016 and 11/8/2016.[126]The People of California v. Richard Anthony Hamilton Case Number: RIF1804469 and Complaint Hamilton was sentenced on the same day to 36 months of probation.[127]The People of California v. Richard Anthony Hamilton Case Number: RIF1804469
“A Riverside man has been charged with voting twice in the 2016 June primary as well as that year’s presidential election … Investigators say Richard Anthony Hamilton, 22, registered twice, once in 2014 and again in 2016 — not under different names, but using two different dates of birth. … Both votes were submitted by mail-in ballot, the arrest declaration, filed in October, said. ‘Richard believes only one ballot was returned,’ the declaration said. He had registered as a Republican.”[128]Richard K. De Atley, “One Voter Fraud Case Filed After 2017 Riverside County Investigation,” pe.com, November 1, 2018

Case Notes:
The People of the State of California v. Richard Anthony Hamilton
Case Number: RIF1804469 / DA Case Number: 365396
Complaint and Criminal Case Report
Type of Election:
Primary and Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote in both the Primary and the Presidential election
30.Election Year: 2016
Name: Gustavo Araujo Lerma
Party Affiliation: Republican[129]Sharon Bernstein and Steve Gorman, “Jury Convicts Mexican National of Voter Fraud – With a Twist,” mercurynews.com, August 23, 2019

Offense and Sentencing:
Gustavo Araujo Lerma pleaded not guilty but was convicted by jury on 8/23/2019 to one felony charge each of aggravated identity theft and false statement in application for a US passport as well as five Class A misdemeanor counts of voting by an alien (committed between 2012 and 2016).[130]United States of America v. Gustavo Araujo Lerma – Case Number: 2:17CR00195-01 and The Associated Press, “Mexican Man Convicted of Voter Fraud in Federal Elections,” abcnews.go.com, … Continue reading Lerma was sentenced on 12/10/2019 to 45 months in a federal prison followed by 24 months of supervised release (unsupervised if deported), and a $325 fee.[131]United States of America v. Gustavo Araujo Lerma Case Number: 2:17CR00195-01
“A federal court jury in Sacramento returned the guilty verdict against Gustavo Araujo Lerma, 64, after several hours of deliberation, capping a five-day trial in which defense lawyers presented letters of thanks from Trump and top Republican Party officials. … He fraudulently voted under his false ID in five federal elections in California, including the 2016 non-partisan primary and general elections for president. Federal prosecutors made no assertions about who Lerma voted for in those races, but the defense acknowledged he was a registered Republican.” [132]Sharon Bernstein and Steve Gorman, “Jury Convicts Mexican National of Voter Fraud – With a Twist,” mercurynews.com, August 23, 2019

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Gustavo Araujo Lerma, AKA: Hiram Enrique Velez Seda, Hiram Enrique Velez, Fnu Lnu, Pedro Garza, Jr.
Case Number: 2:17CR00195-01
Judgment
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
31.Election Year: 2016
Name: Kevin L. Charvoz
Party Affiliation: Not Found[133]According to the website of the Orange County Registrar of Voters, voters in California are not required to register with a political party. When registering to vote, voters you may select the option … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Kevin L. Charvoz was charged with one misdemeanor count of fraudulent voting[134]Superior Court of California, County of Contra Costa, “The People of the State of California v. Kevin L. Charvoz Case Number: 01-184409-1 (Docket Number) / 0130950770 (DA number),” … Continue reading after voting twice in the 2016 presidential primary election.[135]Heritage Foundation, “Voter Fraud Report – Kevin L. Charvoz,” heritage.org, accessed on May 24, 2022 Charvoz was sentenced by the Contra Costa Superior Court “to a pre-trial diversion program and 20 hours of community service.”[136]Heritage Foundation, “Voter Fraud Report – Kevin L. Charvoz,” heritage.org, accessed on May 24, 2022
“On or about June 7, 2016, in the County of Contra Costa, State of California, the crime of Fraudulent Voting in violation of EL18560(b), a Misdemeanor, was committed in that KEVIN L CHARVOZ did, while being entitled to vote at an election, unlawfully vote more than once, attempt to vote more than once, and knowingly handed in two and more ballots folded together at that election.”[137]Superior Court of California, County of Contra Costa, “The People of the State of California v. Kevin L. Charvoz Case Number: 01-184409-1 (Docket Number) / 0130950770 (DA number),” … Continue reading

Case Notes:
The People of the State of California v. Kevin L. Charvoz
Case Number: 01-184409-1 (Docket) / 0130950770 (DA)
Amended Complaint
Type of Election:
Primary

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote in the primary, party unknown / No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
32.Election Year: 2016
Name: Jonathan Chan
Party Affiliation: Not Found[138]According to the website of the Orange County Registrar of Voters, voters in California are not required to register with a political party. When registering to vote, voters you may select the option … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Jonathan Chan was charged with voting “twice in the 2016 presidential primary election once by mail and once in person.”[139]Heritage Foundation, “Voter Fraud Report – Jonathan Chan,” heritage.org, accessed on May 24, 2022 Chan was sentenced by the Contra Costa Superior Court “to a pre-trial diversion program and 20 hours of community service.”[140]Heritage Foundation, “Voter Fraud Report – Jonathan Chan,” heritage.org, accessed on May 24, 2022
“Jonathan Chan, of Contra Costa County, voted twice in the 2016 primary: once by mail and once in person. The Contra Costa Superior Court directed Chan to a pre-trial diversion program and 20 hours of community service.”[141]Heritage Foundation, “Voter Fraud Report – Jonathan Chan,” heritage.org, accessed on May 24, 2022

Case Notes:
Case Number: 07-CR-17-46
Type of Election:
Primary

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote in the primary, party unknown / No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
33.Election Year: 2016
Name: James Parke Major
Party Affiliation: Not Found[142]According to the website of the Orange County Registrar of Voters, voters in California are not required to register with a political party. When registering to vote, voters you may select the option … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
James Parke Major was charged with voting “twice in the 2016 presidential primary election.”[143]Heritage Foundation, “Voter Fraud Report – James Parke Major,” heritage.org, accessed on May 24, 2022 Parke Major was sentenced by the Contra Costa Superior Court “to a pre-trial diversion program and 20 hours of community service.”[144]Heritage Foundation, “Voter Fraud Report – James Parke Major,” heritage.org, accessed on May 24, 2022
“On or about June 7, 2016, in the County of Contra Costa, State of California, the crime of Fraudulent Voting in violation of EL18560(b), a Felony, was committed in that JAMES PARKE MAJOR did, while being entitled to vote at an election, unlawfully vote more than once, attempt to vote more than once, and knowingly handed in two and more ballots at that election.”[145]Superior Court of California, County of Contra Costa, “The State of California v. James Parke Major Case Number: 01-184416-6 (Docket Number) / 0130916243 (DA Number)” – Complaint

Case Notes:
The State of California v. James Parke Major
Case Number: 01-184416-6 (Docket Number) / 0130916243 (DA Number)
Complaint
Type of Election:
Primary

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote in the primary, party unknown / No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections

Return to Summary Chart

COLORADO – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
34.Election Year: 2020
Name: Barry Morphew
Party Affiliation: Republican[146]VoterRecords.com, “Barry Lee Morphew’s Colorado Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on August 18, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Barry Morphew pleaded guilty on 7/21/2022 to one felony count of forgery after illegally casting the mail-in ballot of his missing wife during the 2020 presidential election. [147]Neil Vigdor, “Colorado Man Pleads Guilty to Casting Missing Wife’s Ballot for Trump,” nytimes.com, July 22, 2022 Morphew was sentenced to one year of probation and 32 hours of community service.[148]Stephane Pagones, “Barry Morphew Gets Probation After Pleading Guilty to Forgery for Voting on Missing Wife’s Behalf: Reports,” foxnews.com, July 21, 2022
“The husband of a Colorado woman who has been missing for more than two years pleaded guilty on Thursday [7/21/2022] to casting her mail-in ballot for Donald J. Trump during the 2020 election, telling F.B.I. agents, ‘I figured all these other guys are cheating.’ The man, Barry Morphew, 54, was given a sentence of one year of supervised probation but avoided jail time after pleading guilty to one count of forgery, a felony, in district court in Chaffee County, according to court records.”[149]Neil Vigdor, “Colorado Man Pleads Guilty to Casting Missing Wife’s Ballot for Trump,” nytimes.com, July 22, 2022

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Case heard at Chaffee County Court
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
35.Election Year: 2020
Name: Janis M. Cummer, also known as Jan Wilson
Party Affiliation: Republican (at the time of the offense)[150]Records from ColoradoVoters.info show that Janis M. Cummer regularly switches party affiliation between the Republicans and the Democrats – ColoradoVoters.info, “Registered Voters in the … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Janis M. Cummer pleaded not guilty in July 2020 to one misdemeanor charge of voting twice in a primary election.[151]Pat Hill, “Corrected: Woodland Park Resident Found Guilty of Voting Twice in April Primary,” gazette.com, February 16, 2021 Cummer was found guilty on 2/10/2021 and fined $500 plus costs.[152]Pat Hill, “Corrected: Woodland Park Resident Found Guilty of Voting Twice in April Primary,” gazette.com, February 16, 2021
“In Colorado’s all-mail ballot election, Wilson [Cummer] received a first ballot but then changed her party affiliation and received a second ballot. ‘She voted twice, and turned them both in,’ [Teller County Clerk & Recorder Krystal] Brown said … Brown caught the double vote the night of the election … adding that she halted the vote count to correct the error.”[153]Pat Hill, “Corrected: Woodland Park Resident Found Guilty of Voting Twice in April Primary,” gazette.com, February 16, 2021

Case Notes:
State of Colorado vs. Janis M. Cummer
Case heard at the Teller County Combined Court, CO
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Primary

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote in the primary / No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
36.Election Year: 2016
Name: Angelo Felix Abad
Party Affiliation: Democrat[154]ColoradoVoters.info, “Registered Voters in the State of Colorado, U.S.A., as of 1 January 2022, in Alphabetical Order,” coloradovoters.info, accessed on March 31, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Angelo Felix Abad pleaded guilty on 1/12/2017 to one felony count of forgery; one further misdemeanor charge was dismissed.[155]Peter Marcus, “Campaign Worker Pleads Guilty to Felony Forgery on Minimum Wage Petition,” coloradopolitics.com, January 20, 2017 Sentencing was set for 4/7/2017.[156]Peter Marcus, “Campaign Worker Pleads Guilty to Felony Forgery on Minimum Wage Petition,” coloradopolitics.com, January 20, 2017 No sentencing details found.
“A Denver man has pled guilty in connection with collecting fraudulent signatures to place the successful minimum wage increase on the November ballot. Angelo Felix Abad, 61, pled guilty on Jan. 12 … [he] worked for the Washington, D.C.-based canvassing firm Fieldworks, which was hired by proponents to collect signatures. News reports over the summer showed that Abad had previous criminal convictions.”[157]Peter Marcus, “Campaign Worker Pleads Guilty to Felony Forgery on Minimum Wage Petition,” coloradopolitics.com, January 20, 2017
“In 2017, Angelo Felix Abad pleaded guilty to forging signatures on a petition to qualify a ballot initiative on the 2016 general election ballot.”[158]Wayne W. Williams, Secretary of State, Letter “Re: Colorado’s Response to Your Request for Information” to Hon. Kris W. Kobach, Vice Chair, Presidential Advisory Commission on … Continue reading

Case Notes:
Case heard at the Denver District Court, CO
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Referendum Petition

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
37.Election Year: 2016
Name: Steven Curtis
Party Affiliation: Republican[159]Jesse Paul, “Former Colorado GOP Chairman Sentenced to Four Years Probation, Community Service in Voter Fraud Case,” denverpost.com, January 26, 2018

Offense and Sentencing:
Steven Curtis pleaded not guilty on 8/9/2017 to one misdemenor count of voter fraud and one felony count of forgery.[160]Greeley Tribune, “Former Colorado GOP Chairman Pleads Not Guilty to Voter Fraud Charges, Is Headed to Trial ,” denverpost.com, August 10, 2017 and Court of Appeals Opinion, Case Number: … Continue reading A jury found him guilty and Curtis was sentenced on 1/26/2018 to four years probation and 300 hours of community service.[161]Jesse Paul, “Former Colorado GOP Chairman Sentenced to Four Years Probation, Community Service in Voter Fraud Case,” denverpost.com, January 26, 2018 and Court of Appeals Opinion, Case … Continue reading Curtis appealed his felony conviction but the Colorado Court of Appeals upheld his conviction on 8/5/2021.[162]Colorado Court of Appeals Opinion, Case Number: 18CA0480
“Curtis, 61,… filled out, signed and mailed his former wife’s mail-in ballot after doing his own, forging his wife’s signature in the process. Prosecutors became aware of that when his former wife, Kelly Curtis, who had moved to South Carolina a year earlier, contacted the Weld County Clerk’s Office to get her mail-in ballot, and was told that she had already voted. DNA evidence showed that Curtis had sealed the ballot return envelope, and handwriting samples showed he filled out the return address and signed his ex-wife’s name. … Curtis chaired the GOP party in the late 1990s.”[163]Charles Ashby, “Court Upholds Voter Fraud Conviction of Ex-GOP Chair,” gjsentinel.com, August 6, 2021

Case Notes:
The People of the State of Colorado v. Steven Curtis
Weld County District Court Case Number: 17CR245 / Court of Appeals Case Number: 18CA0480
Court of Appeals Opinion
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
38.Election Year: 2016
Name: Maureen Marie Moss
Party Affiliation: Unaffiliated[164]ColoradoVoters.info, “Registered Voters in the State of Colorado, U.S.A., in Alphabetical Order,” coloradovoters.info, accessed on February 17, 2021[165]According to the Colorado Voter Registration Application Form, registering voters may choose to be affiliated with a political party or choose to register as unaffiliated. Unaffiliated voters are … Continue reading (petition gatherer for a Republican candidate)

Offense and Sentencing:
Maureen Marie Moss pleaded guilty on 11/17/2016 to two felony counts of forgery in relation to offenses committed in March 2016;[166]Adrian D. Garcia, “Maureen Moss Pleads Guilty to Gathering Forged Signatures for Republican Senate Candidate Jon Keyser,” denverite.com, November 17, 2016 32 further counts were dismissed.[167]Deb Stanley, “Petition Signature Gatherer Maureen Moss Pleads Guilty to Forgery on Jon Keyser Petitions,” thedenverchannel.com, November 17, 2016 and The People of the State of Colorado … Continue reading Moss was sentenced on 1/20/2017 to four years probation and 250 hours of community service.[168]Peter Marcus, “Petition Circulator Gets Probation After Forging Signatures for Senate Candidate,” coloradopolitics.com, Jan. 20, 2017
“A signature collector accused of turning in forged signatures on petitions for a U.S. Senate candidate pleaded guilty Thursday. Maureen Moss pleaded guilty to two counts of forgery. … Investigators with the District Attorney’s Offices in Denver, Arapahoe and Jefferson Counties found a total of 34 people who confirmed they did not sign their names and addresses on the petitions turned in by Moss. Moss was collecting signatures to get former State Rep. Jon Keyser on the Republican primary ballot as a candidate for the U.S. Senate.”[169]Deb Stanley, “Petition Signature Gatherer Maureen Moss Pleads Guilty to Forgery on Jon Keyser Petitions,” thedenverchannel.com, November 17, 2016

Case Notes:
The People of the State of Colorado v. Maureen Marie Moss
Case Number: 16CRO3658
Complaint and Arrest Warrant
Type of Election:
Referendum Petition

Party Affiliation:
Unaffiliated

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
39.Election Year: 2016
Name: Elsadig Saeed Merghani
Party Affiliation: Not Found[170]According to the Colorado Voter Registration Application Form, registering voters may choose to be affiliated with a political party or choose to register as unaffiliated. Unaffiliated voters are … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Elsadig Saeed Merghani pleaded guilty in 2016 to “forging signatures on a petition to qualify a ballot initiative on the 2016 general ballot.[171]Wayne W. Williams, Secretary of State, Letter “Re: Colorado’s Response to Your Request for Information” to Hon. Kris W. Kobach, Vice Chair, Presidential Advisory Commission on … Continue reading No sentencing information found.
“Colorado’s ballot this November won’t include a question about fracking because opponents who want to restrict the practice failed to gather enough valid signatures to put a plan before voters … The review by state officials also raised the possibility that some signatures may have been forged … According to documents provided by the Secretary of State’s office, the signatures in question were gathered by a circulator named Elsadig Saeed Merghani, a Denver resident. At least three of the signatures collected by Merghani were marked as questionable.”[172]Mark K. Matthews and Joey Bunch, “Colorado Anti-Fracking Measures Fail to Make Ballot; Possible Forgery Alleged,” denverpost.com, August 30, 2016

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Referendum Petition

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
40.Election Year: 2016
Name: Toni Lee Newbill
Party Affiliation: Republican (at the time of the offense)[173]According to ColoradoVoters.info, Toni Lee Newbill switches between registering as unaffiliated and as a Republican and was registered as a Republican at the time of the offense. ColoradoVoters.info, … Continue reading[174]According to reporting by CBS4, Newbill has also been a registered Democrat. CBS4, “Dying To Vote: CBS4 Investigation Finds Woman Charged With Casting Dead Father’s Ballot, cbslocal.com, … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Toni Lee Newbill pleaded guilty in February 2017 to two felony counts of forgery after twice voting using her deceased father’s ballot.[175]CBS4, “Dying To Vote: CBS4 Investigation Finds Woman Charged With Casting Dead Father’s Ballot, cbslocal.com, November 7, 2016 and Chhun Sun, “Golden Woman Pleads Guilty to Voting Twice … Continue reading Newbill was sentenced on 2/13/2017 to 18 months of unsupervised probation, 30 hours of community service, and a $500 fine.[176]Chhun Sun, “Golden Woman Pleads Guilty to Voting Twice for Deceased Father,” gazette.com, March 8, 2017
“In October prosecutors filed two felony forgery charges against Toni Lee Newbill, charging her with first voting for her father in a 2013 general election and then again casting a ballot for her father in a 2016 Republican primary election. Her father, Ralph Nanninga, died in 2012 in El Paso County at the age of 86. … Toni Newbill — who most recently was registered as a Republican, had previously been registered as a Democrat.”[177]CBS4, “Dying To Vote: CBS4 Investigation Finds Woman Charged With Casting Dead Father’s Ballot, cbslocal.com, November 7, 2016

Case Notes:
The People of the State of Colorado v. Toni Lee Newbill
Case Number: 16CR005522
Type of Election:
Primary

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote in the primary / No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
41.Election Year: 2016
Name: Nathan Parks
Party Affiliation: Democrat[178]VoterRecords.com, “Nathan Kent Parks’s Colorado Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on May 20, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Nathan Parks pleaded guilty on 5/15/2018 to one misdemeanor charge of voting twice in the 2016 General Election.[179]El Paso County Administration, “Guilty Plea in Voter Fraud Case,” admin.elpasocounty.com, accessed on April 4, 2022 Parks was sentenced to a 12 month suspended sentence and 30 hours of community service, plus associated restitution and court fees.[180]El Paso County Administration, “Guilty Plea in Voter Fraud Case,” admin.elpasocounty.com, accessed on April 4, 2022
“On May 15, 2018, Nathan Parks pled guilty to voting twice in the 2016 General Election. Mr. Parks knowingly cast ballots in Colorado and Washington, resulting in a misdemeanor, according to the Colorado Revised Statute 1-13-710. … Nathan Parks, 54, had registered to vote in Colorado in August 2013, while maintaining his residency and voter registration in Clallam County, Washington. Mr. Parks had not cast any absentee ballots in Colorado until the 2016, General Election, where he also voted in Washington.”[181]El Paso County Administration, “Guilty Plea in Voter Fraud Case,” admin.elpasocounty.com, accessed on April 4, 2022

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Democratic vote

Return to Summary Chart

CONNECTICUT – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
42.Election Year: 2017
Name: Betty Jean Chappell
Party Affiliation: Democrat[182]VoterRecords.com, “Betty J Chappell’s Connecticut Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on May 19, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Betty Jean Chappell pleaded guilty to one felony charge each of forgery in the second degree and making a false statement on an absentee ballot – both offenses were committed on 10/28/2017.[183]State of Connecticut Judicial Branch, “Criminal/Motor Vehicle Case Detail,” jud2.ct.gov, accessed on June 27, 2021 – Docket Number: F02B-CR18-0300414-S Chappell was convicted on 4/4/2018 and sentenced to a five year suspended jail sentence and placed on conditional discharge.[184]State of Connecticut Judicial Branch, “Criminal/Motor Vehicle Case Detail,” jud2.ct.gov, accessed on June 27, 2021 – Docket Number: F02B-CR18-0300414-S
“Two Bridgeport residents face charges after police said they committed voter fraud during Stratford’s mayoral election in Nov. 2017. … An investigation was launched by the Town Clerk’s Office after they noticed some discrepancies in absentee ballots signed out by Stevenson and Chappell. The investigation showed they forged and submitted at least two absentee ballots in Stratford while living in Bridgeport.”[185]Tara O’Neill. “Stratford Police: 2 Bridgeport Residents Allegedly Committed Voter Fraud,” apnews.com, January 19, 2018 “The head of the Democratic party denied Friday that she had prior knowledge that two of her workers in her failed campaign for mayor allegedly forged absentee ballot applications.”[186]Daniel Tepfer, “Stratford Police: 2 Bridgeport Residents Allegedly Committed Voter Fraud” ctpost.com, January 19, 2018

Case Notes:
Geographical Area 2 (GA2) Court at Bridgeport
Docket Number: F02B-CR18-0300414-S
Court Records
Type of Election:
Mayoral

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
43.Election Year: 2017
Name: Troy D. Stevenson
Party Affiliation: Democrat[187]VoterRecords.com, “Troy D Stevenson’s Connecticut Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on June 20, 2021

Offense and Sentencing:
Troy D. Stevenson pleaded guilty to one felony charge each of forgery in the second degree and making a false statement on an absentee ballot – both offenses were committed on 10/28/2017.[188]State of Connecticut Judicial Branch, “Criminal/Motor Vehicle Case Detail,” jud2.ct.gov, accessed on June 27, 2021 – Docket Number: F02B-CR18-0300416-S Stevenson was convicted on 7/11/2018 and sentenced to a three year suspended jail sentence and placed on conditional discharge.[189]State of Connecticut Judicial Branch, “Criminal/Motor Vehicle Case Detail,” jud2.ct.gov, accessed on June 27, 2021 – Docket Number: F02B-CR18-0300416-S
“Two Bridgeport residents face charges after police said they committed voter fraud during Stratford’s mayoral election in Nov. 2017. … An investigation was launched by the Town Clerk’s Office after they noticed some discrepancies in absentee ballots signed out by Stevenson and Chappell. The investigation showed they forged and submitted at least two absentee ballots in Stratford while living in Bridgeport.”[190]Tara O’Neill. “Stratford Police: 2 Bridgeport Residents Allegedly Committed Voter Fraud,” apnews.com, January 19, 2018 “The head of the Democratic party denied Friday that she had prior knowledge that two of her workers in her failed campaign for mayor allegedly forged absentee ballot applications.”[191]Daniel Tepfer, “Stratford Police: 2 Bridgeport Residents Allegedly Committed Voter Fraud” ctpost.com, January 19, 2018

Case Notes:
Geographical Area 2 (GA2) Court at Bridgeport
Docket Number: F02B-CR18-0300416-S
Court Records
Type of Election:
Mayoral

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections

Return to Summary Chart

FLORIDA – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
44.Election Year: 2020
Name: Arthur Leonard Lang
Party Affiliation: Democrat[192]VoterRecords.com, “Arthur Leonard Lang’s Florida Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on August 19, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Arthur Leonard Lang pleaded no contest on 6/14/2022 to two felony counts of false swearing or submission of false voter registration information, and one felony count of willfully voting while unqualified in relation to offenses committed between July and October 2022.[193]State of Florida v. Arthur Leonard Lang, Case Number: 2022 CF 000911 A – Information and Plea Lang was sentenced on the same day to 18 months imprisonment for each charge to run concurrently.[194]State of Florida v. Arthur Leonard Lang, Case Number: 2022 CF 000911 A – Judgement and Sentencing Lang committed the offenses while already serving a prison sentence for credit card fraud, theft and drug charges. The additional 18 months are to run concurrently with his sentencing for those charges, and delay his release by 10 months.[195]Andrew Caplan, “3 More Inmates Sentenced for Election-related Crimes in Local Voter Fraud Investigation,” gainesville.com, July 5, 2022
“Three more inmates have been sentenced for election-related crimes stemming from a voter fraud investigation in Alachua County. Arthur Lang, Dedrick Baldwin and Therris Conney pleaded no contest to various election charges brought by State Attorney Brian Kramer, court records show. … Lang, 43, was given 18 months. The sentences will largely be served concurrently while they are incarcerated for other, unrelated charges. … The three men are among the 10 charged by the state attorney’s office for election-related crimes. Each registered to vote or cast a ballot for the 2020 general election following a voter drive held by the Alachua County Supervisor of Elections Office that occurred at the county jail.”[196]Andrew Caplan, “3 More Inmates Sentenced for Election-related Crimes in Local Voter Fraud Investigation,” gainesville.com, July 5, 2022

Case Notes:
State of Florida v. Arthur Leonard Lang
Case Number: 2022 CF 000911 A
Information, Plea, Judgement and Sentencing
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Democratic vote
45.Election Year: 2020
Name: Therris Lee Conney, Jr
Party Affiliation: Democrat[197]VoterRecords.com, “Therris Lee Conney’s Florida Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on August 19, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Therris Lee Conney, Jr, pleaded no contest on 6/28/2022 to one felony count each of false swearing or submission of false voter registration information and willfully voting while unqualified in relation to offenses committed between September and October 2022.[198]State of Florida v. Therris Lee Conney, Jr, Case Number: 2022 CF 000912 A – Information and Plea Conney was sentenced on teh same day to 364 days imprisonment for each count, to run concurrently.[199]State of Florida v. Therris Lee Conney, Jr, Case Number: 2022 CF 000912 A – Judgement and Sentencing Conney committed the offenses while already serving a prison sentence for other unrelated crimes, the new sentencing will run concurrently with the existing sentence.[200]State of Florida v. Therris Lee Conney, Jr, Case Number: 2022 CF 000912 A – Judgement and Sentencing
“Three more inmates have been sentenced for election-related crimes stemming from a voter fraud investigation in Alachua County. Arthur Lang, Dedrick Baldwin and Therris Conney pleaded no contest to various election charges brought by State Attorney Brian Kramer, court records show. … Conney, 33, and Baldwin, 47, received one-year jail sentences. The sentences will largely be served concurrently while they are incarcerated for other, unrelated charges. … The three men are among the 10 charged by the state attorney’s office for election-related crimes. Each registered to vote or cast a ballot for the 2020 general election following a voter drive held by the Alachua County Supervisor of Elections Office that occurred at the county jail.”[201]Andrew Caplan, “3 More Inmates Sentenced for Election-related Crimes in Local Voter Fraud Investigation,” gainesville.com, July 5, 2022

Case Notes:
State of Florida v. Therris Lee Conney, Jr
Case Number: 2022 CF 000912 A
Information, Plea, Judgement and Sentencing
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Democratic vote
46. Election Year: 2020
Name: Dedrick Deron Baldwin
Party Affiliation: Democrat[202]VoterRecords.com, “Dedrick De’ron Baldwin’s Florida Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on August 19, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Dedrick Deron Baldwin pleaded no contest on 6/28/2022 to two felony counts each of false swearing or submission of false voter registration information and willfully voting while unqualified in relation to offenses committed between July and November 2022.[203]State of Florida v. Dedrick Deron Baldwin, Case Number: 2022 CF 000958 A – Information and Plea Baldwin was sentenced on the same day to 364 days imprisonment for each charge, to run concurrently.[204]State of Florida v. Dedrick Deron Baldwin, Case Number: 2022 CF 000958 A – Judgement and Sentencing Baldwin committed the offenses while already serving a prison sentence for other unrelated crimes, the new sentencing will run concurrently with the existing sentence. [205]State of Florida v. Dedrick Deron Baldwin, Case Number: 2022 CF 000958 A – Judgement and Sentencing
“Three more inmates have been sentenced for election-related crimes stemming from a voter fraud investigation in Alachua County. Arthur Lang, Dedrick Baldwin and Therris Conney pleaded no contest to various election charges brought by State Attorney Brian Kramer, court records show. … Conney, 33, and Baldwin, 47, received one-year jail sentences. The sentences will largely be served concurrently while they are incarcerated for other, unrelated charges. … The three men are among the 10 charged by the state attorney’s office for election-related crimes. Each registered to vote or cast a ballot for the 2020 general election following a voter drive held by the Alachua County Supervisor of Elections Office that occurred at the county jail.”[206]Andrew Caplan, “3 More Inmates Sentenced for Election-related Crimes in Local Voter Fraud Investigation,” gainesville.com, July 5, 2022

Case Notes:
State of Florida v. Dedrick Deron Baldwin
Case Number: 2022 CF 000958 A
Information, Plea, Judgement and Sentencing
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Democratic vote
47.Election Year: 2020
Name: Daniel Dion Roberts
Party Affiliation: Unaffiliated[207]VoterRecords.com, “Daniel Dion Roberts’s Florida Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on June 9, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Daniel Dion Roberts pleaded no contest and was adjudicated guilty on 6/9/2022 of one felony count of false swearing on a voter registration form and two felony counts of willful voting while unqualified, after voting in the 2020 primary and presidential elections.[208]Clerk of the Circuit Court, Alachua County, General Index Search, “Case Summary – 01 2022 CF 000923 A,” www.alachuaclerk.org, accessed on June 9, 2022 Roberts was sentenced on the same day to three years imprisonment for each charge, to run concurrently.[209]Circuit Court of the Eighth Judicial Court in and for Alachua County, Florida, “State of Florida v. Daniel Dion Roberts – Case Number: 2022 CF 000923 A,” – Judgement
“Daniel Dion Roberts, 48, has been sentenced to three years in state prison after reaching a plea deal on charges that he lied on a voter registration form and voted fraudulently in the 2020 Primary and General elections. Roberts is currently serving multiple concurrent sentences in state prison on nine felony charges with a scheduled release date in September of 2025. The new sentence will be concurrent with the previous sentence and will not change his release date.”[210]Jennifer Cabrera, “First Conviction Handed Down for Voter Fraud Among Group Who Registered to Vote at Alachua County Jail,” alachuachronicle.com, June 9, 2022

Case Notes:
State of Florida v. Daniel Dion Roberts
Case Number: 2022 CF 000923 A
Judgement
Type of Election:
Presidential, Primary

Party Affiliation:
Unaffiliated

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown in both the Primary and the Presidential election
48.Election Year: 2020
Name: Cheryl A. Hall
Party Affiliation: Republican[211]John Cutter, “Clermont Woman Charged With Falsifying Voter Records,” orlandosentinel.com, March 5, 2020

Offense and Sentencing:
Cheryl A. Hall pleaded no contest on 12/6/2021 to ten felony counts of violation of election law in connection to offenses committed on 1/18/2020.[212]Lake County Clerk, Florida, “Case Search,” courtrecords.lakecountyclerk.org, accessed on April 5, 2022 – Case Number: 20-CF-612-03 Hall was sentenced on the same day to 12 months of probation for each charge, to run concurrently, 50 hours of community service, and a $150 fine plus mandatory court costs.[213]Lake County Clerk, Florida, “Case Search,” courtrecords.lakecountyclerk.org, accessed on April 5, 2022 – Case Number: 20-CF-612-03
“Cheryl A. Hall, 63, turned herself in Thursday [3/5/2020], a day after officials announced that 119 voter forms were falsified, including some that changed registrations from Democrat or no party affiliation to Republican. Others had their party affiliation removed. … She submitted forms to the Lake elections supervisor, which flagged them because they included incorrect information, such as driver’s license numbers and dates of birth … The Lake supervisor of elections, said in an interview this week that some forms appeared to have forged signatures. When his office alerted voters to the changes to their registration, 10 of them filed formal complaints, saying they had not made any changes. All 119 false forms were assigned to Hall.”[214]John Cutter, “Clermont Woman Charged With Falsifying Voter Records,” orlandosentinel.com, March 5, 2020

Case Notes:
State of Florida v. Cheryl A. Hall
Case Number: 20-CF-612-03
Charges, Affidavit of Probable Cause, Plea, and Court Records
Type of Election:
Voter Registration

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
49.Election Year: 2020
Name: Charles Franklin Barnes, Jr
Party Affiliation: Unaffiliated[215]VoterRecords.com, “Charles Franklin Barnes’s Florida Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on May 26, 2022[216]According to the website of the Walton County Supervisor of Elections, “When completing the Florida Voter Registration Application Form,… you have several options. You can chose from one of … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Charles Franklin Barnes, Jr pleaded guilty on 4/5/2022 to one felony count of casting more than one ballot at any election.[217]Sumter County Clerk of Courts, “Search – Case Number 602021CF001504CFAXMX,” civitekflorida.com, accessed on May 26, 2022 Barnes was transferred to a pre-trial intervention program and fined $2,400.[218]Sumter County Clerk of Courts, “Search – Case Number 602021CF001504CFAXMX,” civitekflorida.com, accessed on May 26, 2022 Conditions of the pre-trial diversion program include: regularly meeting a supervising officer, completing 50 hours of community service, and attending a 12-week adult civics class.[219]Amanda Rabines, “Two Men From the Villages Admit to Casting Multiple Ballots in 2020 Election,” orlandosentinel.com, April 13, 2022
“Charles F. Barnes and Jay Ketcik, residents of The Villages, Florida, have admitted to committing voter fraud in the 2020 presidential election after each submitted two ballots,… Barnes is not registered with any political party in Florida and Ketcik is a registered Republican. … The charge is a third-degree felony and could land Barnes and Ketcik in prison for a maximum of five years.”[220]Dia Gill, “Two Florida Men From The Villages Confess to Voting Multiple Times in 2020 Election,” thedailybeast.com, April 13, 2022

Case Notes:
State of Florida v. Charles Franklin Barnes Jr
Case Number: 2021 CF 1504
Pre-Trial Diversion Order
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Unaffiliated

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
50.Election Year: 2020
Name: Jay Richard Ketcik
Party Affiliation: Republican[221]VoterRecords.com, “Jay Richard Ketcik’s Florida Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on May 27, 2022[222]According to the website of the Walton County Supervisor of Elections, “When completing the Florida Voter Registration Application Form,… you have several options. You can chose from one of … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Jay Richard Ketcik pleaded guilty on 4/5/2022 to one felony count of casting more than one ballot at any election.[223]Sumter County Clerk of Courts, “Search – Case Number 602021CF001505CFAXMX,” civitekflorida.com, accessed on May 27, 2022 Ketcik was transferred to a pre-trial intervention program and fined $2,905.[224]Sumter County Clerk of Courts, “Search – Case Number 602021CF001505CFAXMX,” civitekflorida.com, accessed on May 27, 2022 Conditions of the pre-trial diversion program include: regularly meeting a supervising officer, completing 50 hours of community service, and attending a 12-week adult civics class.[225]Amanda Rabines, “Two Men From the Villages Admit to Casting Multiple Ballots in 2020 Election,” orlandosentinel.com, April 13, 2022
“Charles F. Barnes and Jay Ketcik, residents of The Villages, Florida, have admitted to committing voter fraud in the 2020 presidential election after each submitted two ballots,… Barnes is not registered with any political party in Florida and Ketcik is a registered Republican. … The charge is a third-degree felony and could land Barnes and Ketcik in prison for a maximum of five years.”[226]Dia Gill, “Two Florida Men From The Villages Confess to Voting Multiple Times in 2020 Election,” thedailybeast.com, April 13, 2022

Case Notes:
State of Florida v. Jay Richard Ketcik
Case Number: 2021 CF 1505
Pre-Trial Diversion Order
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
51.Election Year: 2020
Name: Joan Marie Halstead
Party Affiliation: Republican[227]VoterRecords, “Joan Marie Halstead’s Florida Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on September 14, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Joan Marie Halstead pleaded guilty on 8/17/2022 to one felony count of casting more than one ballot at any election.[228]Sumter County Clerk of Courts, “State of Florida v. Joan M. Halstead – Case Number: 2021CF001503AXMX,” civitekflorida.com, accessed on September 14, 2022 As part of a plea agreement with prosecutors, Halstead entered into a pre-trial intervention program and was fined $400.[229]Mike DeForest, “3rd Resident of the Villages Admits To Voting Twice in the 2020 Election,” local10.com, August 20, 2022[230]State of Florida v. Joan M. Halstead,Case Number: 2021CF001503AXMX – Court Order for Pre-Trial Intervention Conditions of the pre-trial diversion program include completing community service and attending a 12-week adult civics class.[231]Steve Benen, “Voter Fraud at a Florida Gop Stronghold Leads to a Light Sentence (Again),” msnbc.com, August 25, 2022
“A third resident of The Villages has admitted to voting twice during the 2020 election, court records show. Joan Halstead, 73, entered a pretrial intervention program Wednesday [8/17/2022] that will allow her to avoid potential prison time if she successfully completes court-ordered requirements such as performing community service and attending a civics class, Local 10 News partner WKMG News 6 in Orlando reports. Halstead acknowledged her guilt as part of her agreement with prosecutors.”[232]Steve Benen, “Voter Fraud at a Florida Gop Stronghold Leads to a Light Sentence (Again),” msnbc.com, August 25, 2022

Case Notes:
State of Florida v. Joan M. Halstead
Case Number: 2021CF001503AXMX
Pre-Trial Intervention Order
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
52.Election Year: 2020
Name: Benjamin Richard Paris, also known as Ben Paris
Party Affiliation: Republican, GOP chairperson[233]Associated Press, “Seminole County GOP Chair Is Found Guilty in a Ghost Candidate Scheme,” wusfnews.wusf.usf.edu, September 2, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Benjamin Richard Paris was found guilty by a jury on 9/1/2022 of one misdemeanor count of making one contribution through or in the name of another in any election[234]Grant Maloy, Clerk of the Circruit Court and Comptroller, Seminole County, Florida, “Case Details – Summary: Case Number: 2022MM001796A,” courtrecords.seminoleclerk.org, accessed on … Continue reading in relation to an offense committed in the 2020 District Nine, State Senate election in Seminole County, Fla.[235]Greg Fox, “Jury Finds Seminole County GOP Chair Guilty in Campaign Contribution Case,” wesh.com, September 2, 2022 Paris was sentenced to 12 months of probation and 200 hours of community service plus $42,791.04 associated fines and fees.[236]State of Florida v. Benjamin Richard Paris, Case Number: 2022MM001796A – Recorded Judgement[237]Associated Press, “Seminole County GOP Chair Is Found Guilty in a Ghost Candidate Scheme,” wusfnews.wusf.usf.edu, September 2, 2022 On 9/11/2022 Paris submitted a motion for a new trial claiming that he didn’t receive a fair and impartial trial.[238]State of Florida v. Benjamin Richard Paris, Case Number: 2022MM001796A – Motion for New Trial Decision on the motion is pending as of 9/14/2022.
“A local Republican Party chairman in central Florida has been found guilty of a misdemeanor campaign finance violation that prosecutors say was part of a larger scheme to siphon off votes from a Democrat in a state senate race. A judge in Seminole County on Thursday sentenced Ben Paris to a year of supervised probation and 200 hours of community work. In May, prosecutors filed charges against Paris, the chair of the Seminole County GOP; political consultant James ‘Eric’ Foglesong; and Jestine Iannotti. Prosecutors say Iannotti ran as an independent candidate in the central Florida state Senate race but did not campaign. The alleged goal of the scheme was to help Paris’ former boss, Republican Sen. Jason Brodeur, win his election by using a so-called ghost candidate to siphon off votes from his competitor. It’s unclear whether the scheme helped Brodeur maintain his seat.”[239]Associated Press, “Seminole County GOP Chair Is Found Guilty in a Ghost Candidate Scheme,” wusfnews.wusf.usf.edu, September 2, 2022

Case Notes:
State of Florida v. Benjamin Richard Paris
Case Number: 2022MM001796A
Recorded Judgement and Motion for New Trial
Type of Election:
State Senate

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
53.Election Year: 2016
Name: Gladys Coego
Party Affiliation: Unaffiliated[240]VoterRecords.com, “Gladys Coego’s Florida Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on May 19, 2022[241]Raquel Regalado [the candidate Coego is charged of falsifying ballots in favor of] is a “self-described moderate Republican,” (according to a politico.com article) however, according to … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Gladys Coego pleaded guilty on 7/24/2017 to “to filling out other people’s mail-in ballots while working at Miami-Dade’s elections department,”[242]Patricia Mazzei, “Ex-miami-Dade Elections Worker Pleads Guilty in Mayoral Voter-Fraud Case,” miamiherald.typepad.com, July 24, 2017 a third degree felony.[243]CBS News, “2 Miami Women Arrested for Violating Election Laws,” cbsnews.com, October 28, 2016 Coego was sentenced on 8/16/2017 to two years of house arrest and three years of probation.[244]Amanda Batchelor, “74-Year-Old Woman Sentenced to 2 Years House Arrest for Voter Fraud,” local10.com, August 16, 2017 and Miami Herald, “Ballot Fraud Won’t Send Elderly Miami … Continue reading
“A 74-year-old woman tasked with opening envelopes sent by Miami-Dade County voters with their completed mail ballots was arrested Friday, Oct. 28, 2016, after co-workers caught her illegally marking ballots, resulting in an unknown — but small — number of fraudulent votes being cast for mayoral candidate Raquel Regalado.”[245]Patricia Mazzei, “Two Women Busted for Election Fraud in Miami-Dade in 2016,” miamiherald.com, October 28, 2016[246]According to Ballotpedia, mayoral elections in Florida are officially nonpartisan – Ballotpedia, “Municipal Elections in Miami-Dade County, Florida (2016),” ballotpedia.com, … Continue reading

Case Notes:
The State of Florida v. Gladys Coego
Case Number: F16-21869
Judgement
Type of Election:
Mayoral

Party Affiliation:
Unaffiliated

Theoretical Election Effect: No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
54.Election Year: 2016
Name: Tomika Shanteek Curgil
Party Affiliation: Democrat[247]VoterRecords.com, “Tomika Curgil’s Florida Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on May 19, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Tomika Shanteek Curgil was charged with five felony counts of “submitting false voter-registration information”[248]CBS News, “2 Miami Women Arrested for Violating Election Laws,” cbsnews.com, October 28, 2016 in relation to crimes committed on 10/18/2016.[249]Ricardo Arias and Ronald D. Chapman, “Affidavit in Support of Warrant,” media.local10.com, October 27, 2016 Curgil was sentenced to “probation, with no felony conviction appearing on her record.”[250]Miami Herald, “Ballot Fraud Won’t Send Elderly Miami Woman to Jail but She Will Lose Right to Vote,” insurancenewsnet.com, August 17, 2017
“Tomika Curgil, 33, filled out voter-registration forms for five citizens without their consent and submitted at least 17 forms for people believed to not exist, including several who are dead. Authorities said Curgil was hired as a canvasser to register voters for People United For Medical Marijuana.”[251]CBS News, “2 Miami Women Arrested for Violating Election Laws,” cbsnews.com, October 28, 2016

Case Notes:
The State of Florida v. Tamika Shanteek Curgil
Case Number: F-16-021870
Affidavit in Support of Arrest Warrant and Finding of Guilt
Type of Election:
Voter Registration before the 2020 Presidential Election

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
55.Election Year: 2016
Name: Bret Thomas Warren
Party Affiliation: Not a Registered Voter[252]A report by the Associated Press states that, “Warren isn’t a registered voter.” Source: Associated Press, “DNA Leads to Arrest of Florida Man on Voter Fraud Charges,” … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Bret Thomas Warren pleaded no contest on 10/3/2018 to two felony counts of “false swearing in connection with voting or elections”[253]Seminole County, Florida, “Case Details,” courtrecords.seminoleclerk.org, accessed on April 5, 2022 – Case Number: 2018CF001075A in relation to offenses committed in October 2016.[254]Affidavit in Support of Arrest Warrant – Case Number: 2018CF001075A Warren was sentenced on the same day to 154 days in jail for each offense, to run concurrently.[255]Seminole County, Florida, “Case Details,” courtrecords.seminoleclerk.org, accessed on April 5, 2022 – Case Number: 2018CF001075A
“Investigators said they used fingerprints and DNA from saliva found on five mail-in ballots to track down a Casselberry man and charge him with voter fraud. Bret Warren, 36, was arrested Wednesday [5/2/2018] … In October 2016, days before the general election, several residents of the Spring Valley neighborhood in Altamonte Springs reported to the Seminole County Supervisor of Elections Office that they had not received their absentee ballots. The elections office called law-enforcement officials after discovering that the five residents’ ballots apparently were stolen and turned in with fake signatures and with votes cast. … It’s unknown which candidates the fraudulent ballots were cast for because the ballots were sealed when turned over to law enforcement. Warren is not a registered voter.”[256]Martin E. Comas, “Police Use Saliva to Arrest Casselberry Man on Voter-Fraud Charges,” orlandosentinel.com, May 3, 2018

Case Notes:
State of Florida v. Bret Thomas Warren
Case Number: 2018CF001075A
Affidavit in Support of Arrest Warrant, Plea Agreement, and
Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not a Registered Voter

Theoretical Election Effect:
5 illegal votes, party unknown
56.Election Year: 2016
Name: Alba Esperanza Fernandez, also known as Bunny Kohn
Party Affiliation: Registered as a Republican under both names[257]VoterRecords.com, “Alba E Fernandez’s Florida Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on May 27, 2022 and VoterRecords.com, “Bunny Kohn’s Florida Voter … Continue reading[258]According to the website of the Walton County Supervisor of Elections, “When completing the Florida Voter Registration Application Form,… you have several options. You can chose from one of … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Alba Esperanza Fernandez pleaded no contest and was adjudicated guilty on 1/4/2018 to one felony count of false swearing by submitting false voter registration information and three felony counts of casting more than one ballot at any election in relation to offenses committed on March 7, 2016, August 1, 2016, and October 10, 2016.[259]Volusia County Clerk of Circuit Court – Case Detail, “Case Information – Case Number: 2017 302609 CFDB,” app02.clerk.org, accessed on May 27, 2022 Fernandez was sentenced on 1/11/2018 to four years of supervised probation with the condition that she pays $1 per month during the term of probation and loses the right to vote.[260]Volusia County Clerk of Circuit Court – Case Detail, “Case Information – Case Number: 2017 302609 CFDB,” app02.clerk.org, accessed on May 27, 2022
“Alba Fernandez successfully registered to vote using the name Bunny Kohn, a false name. Fernandez voted under the false alias three times by absentee ballot in 2016. She also voted three times under her legal name, once in-person and twice by absentee ballot. She pleaded no contest to three counts of casting more than one ballot in an election and one count of submitting false voter registration information, which are all felony charges.”[261]Heritage Foundation, “Voter Fraud Report – Alba Esperanza Fernandez,” heritage.org, accessed on May 27, 2022

Case Notes:
State of Florida v. Alba Esperanza Fernandez
Case Number: 2017 302609 CFDB
Charging Affidavit, Plea, Judgement, and Order of Probation
Type of Election:
Presidential Primary, State Primary, Presidential election

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote in both a Primary election and a Presidential election
57.Election Year: 2016
Name: Walter Steven Hoback
Party Affiliation: Republican[262]VoterRecords.com, “Walter S Hoback’s Florida Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on May 27, 2022[263]According to the website of the Walton County Supervisor of Elections, “When completing the Florida Voter Registration Application Form,… you have several options. You can chose from one of … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Walter Steven Hoback pleaded no contest and was adjudicated guilty on 8/28/2018 to one felony count each of perjury – false swearing by oath, affirm, or procedure and fraud – election vote by unqualified voter.[264]Clerk of the Circuit Court and Comptroller of Flagler County, “2017 CF 000883 – STATE OF FLORIDA vs. HOBACK, WALTER STEVEN,” apps.flaglerclerk.com, accessed on May 27, 2022 Hoback was sentenced on the same day to one day in the county jail with one day credit for time served.[265]Clerk of the Circuit Court and Comptroller of Flagler County, “2017 CF 000883 – STATE OF FLORIDA vs. HOBACK, WALTER STEVEN,” apps.flaglerclerk.com, accessed on May 27, 2022
“Walter Hoback, of Flagler County, registered to vote as a Republican and voted in the 2016 election despite being a convicted felon. Hoback was charged with perjury and voting by an unqualified voter, pleaded no contest to both, and was sentenced to serve one day in jail, with credit for one day served.”[266]Heritage Foundation, “Voter Fraud Report – Waler Hoback,” heritage.org, accessed on May 27, 2022

Case Notes:
State of Florida v. Walter Steven Hoback
Case Number: 2017 CF 000883
Judgement and Sentence
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
58.Election Year: 2016
Name:Jennifer Lynn Scott
Party Affiliation: Unaffiliated[267]VoterRecords.com, “Jennifer Lynn Scott’s Florida Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on May 27, 2022[268]According to the website of the Walton County Supervisor of Elections, “When completing the Florida Voter Registration Application Form,… you have several options. You can chose from one of … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Jennifer Lynn Scott pleaded no contest and was adjudicated guilty on 1/9/2018 to one felony count each of perjury – false swearing by oath, affirm, or procedure and fraud – election vote by unqualified voter.[269]Clerk of the Circuit Court and Comptroller of Flagler County, “2017 CF 000936 – STATE OF FLORIDA vs. SCOTT, JENNIFER LYNN,” apps.flaglerclerk.com, accessed on May 27, 2022 Scott was sentenced on 1/29/2018 to 24 months of probation plus $11 per month for the duration of the probation.[270]Clerk of the Circuit Court and Comptroller of Flagler County, “2017 CF 000936 – STATE OF FLORIDA vs. SCOTT, JENNIFER LYNN,” apps.flaglerclerk.com, accessed on May 27, 2022 On 4/22/2019 Scott admitted to vioating her probation and was sentenced to 180 days in the county jail with 147 days credit.[271]Clerk of the Circuit Court and Comptroller of Flagler County, “2017 CF 000936 – STATE OF FLORIDA vs. SCOTT, JENNIFER LYNN,” apps.flaglerclerk.com, accessed on May 27, 2022
“Deputies arrested Jennifer Scott, 52, of Reybury Lane, at her Palm Coast home Tuesday night on warrants for election fraud and making false election statements. … According to arrest records, Scott failed to disclose multiple felony convictions in two voter registration applications she filed with the Flagler County Supervisor of Elections office. She then illegally voted in the November 2016 election, the report states.”[272]Matt Bruce, “3rd Flagler Voter Accused of Election Fraud,” news-journalonline.com, October 26, 2017

Case Notes:
State of Florida v. Jennifer Lynn Scott
Case Number: 2017 CF 000936
Judgement, Order of Probation, Violation of Probation, and Violation Judgement and Sentence
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Unaffiliated

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
59.Election Year: 2016
Name:Victoria Elizabeth Stallings
Party Affiliation: Unaffiliated[273]VoterRecords.com, “Victoria Elizabeth Stallings’s Florida Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on May 27, 2022[274]According to the website of the Walton County Supervisor of Elections, “When completing the Florida Voter Registration Application Form,… you have several options. You can chose from one of … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Victoria Elizabeth Stallings pleaded no contest and was adjudicated guilty on 2/14/2018 to one felony count of election fraud – voting by an unqualified voter; one further felony count of perjury – false swearing by oath, affirm, or procedure was dismissed as part of a plea agreement.[275]Clerk of the Circuit Court and Comptroller of Flagler County, “2017 CF 000865 – STATE OF FLORIDA vs. STALLINGS, VICTORIA ELIZABETH,” apps.flaglerclerk.com, accessed on May 27, 2022 Stallings was sentenced on the same day to 24 months of administrative probation.[276]Clerk of the Circuit Court and Comptroller of Flagler County, “2017 CF 000865 – STATE OF FLORIDA vs. STALLINGS, VICTORIA ELIZABETH,” apps.flaglerclerk.com, accessed on May 27, 2022
“Victoria Stallings, 56,… was convicted of a felony in 1983 but her voting rights were restored by the Florida Office of Executive Clemency a year later. She was again convicted off felony charges in 1994 and 1997. Stallings attempted to register to vote in Volusia County in 2008 but was rejected due to her status as a convicted felon,… In 2012, she registered to vote in Flagler County and falsely claimed ‘that she was not a convicted felon or had her right to vote restored.’ The report states she unlawfully voted in the November 2016 elections on an early voting day at the Palm Coast Community Center.”[277]Matt Bruce, “2 Flagler Residents Accused of Voter Fraud,” news-journalonline.com, October 5, 2017

Case Notes:
State of Florida v. Victoria Elizabeth Stallings
Case Number: 2017 CF 000865
Plea and Order of Probation
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Unaffiliated

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
60.Election Year: 2016
Name: Spiro Colaitis
Party Affiliation: Republican[278]Inweekly, “Winners & Losers 2018,” inweekly.net, 2018[279]According to the website of the Walton County Supervisor of Elections, “When completing the Florida Voter Registration Application Form,… you have several options. You can chose from one of … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Spiro Colaitis pleaded no contest and was adjudicated guilty on 6/6/2018 to one felony count of election fraud – casting more than one ballot at any election – in relation to offenses committed in October and November 2016.[280]Escambia County Clerk and Comptroller, “2018 CF 001902 A – STATE OF FLORIDA vs. COLAITIS, SPIRO,” apps.flaglerclerk.com, accessed on May 27, 2022 Colaitis was sentenced on the same day to 24 months of probation plus $52 monthly charges, and $518 in felony court costs.[281]Escambia County Clerk and Comptroller, “2018 CF 001902 A – STATE OF FLORIDA vs. COLAITIS, SPIRO,” apps.flaglerclerk.com, accessed on May 27, 2022
“The commander of the New York Naval Militia Southern Command and assistant superintendent for district operations for the Malverne, N.Y., school district was charged with voting in the polls in Nassau County, N.Y., and also by mail-in ballot in Escambia County, which is a felony. … Coalitis, a registered Republican, had not lived in Florida since 2005, and he had sold his property here before 2010.”[282]Inweekly, “Winners & Losers 2018,” inweekly.net, 2018

Case Notes:
State of Florida v. Spiro Colaitis
Case Number: 2018 CF 001902 A
Information, Probable Cause Arrest Affidavit, and Judgement and Sentencing
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote

Return to Summary Chart

ILLINOIS – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
61.Election Year: 2017
Name: Calvin Borders, Jr
Party Affiliation: Not found[283]According to Bolder Advocacy, “Illinois voters do not register by political party or declare a political party membership. However, voters must declare their party affiliation in order to … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Calvin Borders, Jr pleaded guilty on 06/12/2018 to one felony count of “Perjury in Election Code” in relation to an offense committed on 4/4/2017.[284]St. Clair County, Illinois, “Case Details,” co.st-clair.il.us, accessed on April 5, 2022 – Case Number: 17CF0113901 Borders was sentenced on the same day to a conditional discharge of 30 months and $1,012 in fines and fees.[285]St. Clair County, Illinois, “Case Details,” co.st-clair.il.us, accessed on April 5, 2022 – Case Number: 17CF0113901
“Calvin Borders Jr., 59, of St. Louis; his daughter, Candice Borders, 36; his son Calvin Borders III, 35, both of Madison; and Borders III’s girlfriend, Janie B. Walker, 40, of Missouri; pleaded guilty to vote fraud charges. Calvin Borders Jr. and Calvin Borders III pleaded guilty to perjury in the election code. … Candice Borders and Walker pleaded guilty to forgery. They asserted on a voter registration application that they were registered to the 407 Jefferson St. address in Brooklyn [a vacant lot]. All of the charges were a class 3 felonies.”[286]Beth Hundsdorfer, “A Family Registered to Vote at a Vacant Lot in Brooklyn. Now They’re Convicted Felons,” bnd.com, July 19, 2018

Case Notes:
The People of the State of Illinois v. Calvin Borders, Jr
Case Number: 17CF0113901
Court Records
Type of Election:
Voter Registration

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
62.Election Year: 2017
Name: Calvin C. Borders III
Party Affiliation: Not found[287]According to Bolder Advocacy, “Illinois voters do not register by political party or declare a political party membership. However, voters must declare their party affiliation in order to … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Calvin C. Borders III pleaded guilty on 07/16/2018 to one felony count of “Perjury in Election Code” in relation to an offense committed on 4/4/2017.[288]St. Clair County, Illinois, “Case Details,” co.st-clair.il.us, accessed on April 5, 2022 – Case Number: 17CF0114001 Borders III was sentenced on the same day to 24 months of probation.[289]St. Clair County, Illinois, “Case Details,” co.st-clair.il.us, accessed on April 5, 2022 – Case Number: 17CF0114001
“Calvin Borders Jr., 59, of St. Louis; his daughter, Candice Borders, 36; his son Calvin Borders III, 35, both of Madison; and Borders III’s girlfriend, Janie B. Walker, 40, of Missouri; pleaded guilty to vote fraud charges. Calvin Borders Jr. and Calvin Borders III pleaded guilty to perjury in the election code. … Candice Borders and Walker pleaded guilty to forgery. They asserted on a voter registration application that they were registered to the 407 Jefferson St. address in Brooklyn [a vacant lot]. All of the charges were a class 3 felonies.”[290]Beth Hundsdorfer, “A Family Registered to Vote at a Vacant Lot in Brooklyn. Now They’re Convicted Felons,” bnd.com, July 19, 2018

Case Notes:
The People of the State of Illinois v. Calvin C. Borders III
Case Number: 17CF0114001
Court Records
Type of Election:
Voter Registration

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
63.Election Year: 2017
Name: Candice N. Borders
Party Affiliation: Not found[291]According to Bolder Advocacy, “Illinois voters do not register by political party or declare a political party membership. However, voters must declare their party affiliation in order to … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Candice N. Borders pleaded guilty on 07/17/2018 to one felony count of forgery.[292]St. Clair County, Illinois, “Case Details,” co.st-clair.il.us, accessed on April 5, 2022 – Case Number: 17CF0114102 One further felony count of “Perjury in Election Code” was dismissed.[293]St. Clair County, Illinois, “Case Details,” co.st-clair.il.us, accessed on April 5, 2022 – Case Number: 17CF0114101 Borders was sentenced on the same day to 24 months of probation and 30 hours of community service.[294]St. Clair County, Illinois, “Case Details,” co.st-clair.il.us, accessed on April 5, 2022 – Case Number: 17CF0114102
“Calvin Borders Jr., 59, of St. Louis; his daughter, Candice Borders, 36; his son Calvin Borders III, 35, both of Madison; and Borders III’s girlfriend, Janie B. Walker, 40, of Missouri; pleaded guilty to vote fraud charges. Calvin Borders Jr. and Calvin Borders III pleaded guilty to perjury in the election code. … Candice Borders and Walker pleaded guilty to forgery. They asserted on a voter registration application that they were registered to the 407 Jefferson St. address in Brooklyn [a vacant lot]. All of the charges were a class 3 felonies.”[295]Beth Hundsdorfer, “A Family Registered to Vote at a Vacant Lot in Brooklyn. Now They’re Convicted Felons,” bnd.com, July 19, 2018

Case Notes:
The People of the State of Illinois v. Candice N. Borders
Case Numbers: 17CF0114102 – Forgery / 17CF0114101 – Perjury
Court Records – Forgery and Court Records – Perjury
Type of Election:
Voter Registration

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
64.Election Year: 2017
Name: Janie B. Walker
Party Affiliation: Not found[296]According to Bolder Advocacy, “Illinois voters do not register by political party or declare a political party membership. However, voters must declare their party affiliation in order to … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Janie B. Walker pleaded guilty on 11/20/2018 to one felony count of forgery.[297]St. Clair County, Illinois, “Case Details,” co.st-clair.il.us, accessed on April 5, 2022 – Case Number: 17CF0114102 One further felony count of “Perjury in Election Code” was dismissed.[298]St. Clair County, Illinois, “Case Details,” co.st-clair.il.us, accessed on April 5, 2022 – Case Number: 17CF0114101 Walker was sentenced on the same day to 24 months of probation and 30 hours of community service plus associated fines and fees.[299]St. Clair County, Illinois, “Case Details,” co.st-clair.il.us, accessed on April 5, 2022 – Case Number: 17CF0114202
“Calvin Borders Jr., 59, of St. Louis; his daughter, Candice Borders, 36; his son Calvin Borders III, 35, both of Madison; and Borders III’s girlfriend, Janie B. Walker, 40, of Missouri; pleaded guilty to vote fraud charges. Calvin Borders Jr. and Calvin Borders III pleaded guilty to perjury in the election code. … Candice Borders and Walker pleaded guilty to forgery. They asserted on a voter registration application that they were registered to the 407 Jefferson St. address in Brooklyn [a vacant lot]. All of the charges were a class 3 felonies.”[300]Beth Hundsdorfer, “A Family Registered to Vote at a Vacant Lot in Brooklyn. Now They’re Convicted Felons,” bnd.com, July 19, 2018

Case Notes:
The People of the State of Illinois v. Janie B. Walker
Case Numbers: 17CF0114202 – Forgery / 17CF0114101 – Perjury
Court Records – Forgery and Court Records – Perjury
Type of Election:
Voter Registration

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
65.Election Year: 2017
Name: Ellen Mauer
Party Affiliation: Not Found[301]According to Bolder Advocacy, “Illinois voters do not register by political party or declare a political party membership. However, voters must declare their party affiliation in order to … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Ellen Mauer pleaded guilty on 4/23/2018 to one misdemeanor count of “disregarding election law with regard to a school board election.”[302]Jim Newton, “Former School District 128 Board Member, Secretary Plead Guilty to Violating Election Law,” chicagotribune.com, April 23, 2018 Mauer was sentenced to one year of supervised probation, 75 hours of community service, $250 donation to the Gurnee-based Zacharias Sexual Abuse Center, and $750 in court costs and fines.[303]Jim Newton, “Former School District 128 Board Member, Secretary Plead Guilty to Violating Election Law,” chicagotribune.com, April 23, 2018
“A former Libertyville-Vernon Hills Area High School District 128 board member and a district employee charged with lying on 2017 election petitions pleaded guilty Monday to reduced charges of violating election law. Ellen Mauer, 52, who resigned from the school board March 19, and district secretary Denise Zwit, 66, each pleaded guilty to one misdemeanor count of disregarding election code. … Authorities said Mauer signed four petitions that claimed she was present when her nomination petitions were circulated.”[304]Lee Filas and Russell Lissau, “Plea deals reached in District 128 perjury cases,” dailyherald.com, April 23, 2018

Case Notes:
The People of the State of Illinois v. Ellen Mauer
Case Number: 17CF00001653
Type of Election:
School Board

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
66.Election Year: 2017
Name: Denise M. Zwit
Party Affiliation: Not Found[305]According to Bolder Advocacy, “Illinois voters do not register by political party or declare a political party membership. However, voters must declare their party affiliation in order to … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Denise M. Zwit pleaded guilty on 4/23/2018 to one misdemeanor count of “disregarding election law with regard to a school board election.”[306]Jim Newton, “Former School District 128 Board Member, Secretary Plead Guilty to Violating Election Law,” chicagotribune.com, April 23, 2018 Zwit was sentenced to one year of supervised probation, 75 hours of community service, $250 donation to the Gurnee-based Zacharias Sexual Abuse Center, and $750 in court costs and fines.[307]Jim Newton, “Former School District 128 Board Member, Secretary Plead Guilty to Violating Election Law,” chicagotribune.com, April 23, 2018
“A former Libertyville-Vernon Hills Area High School District 128 board member and a district employee charged with lying on 2017 election petitions pleaded guilty Monday to reduced charges of violating election law. Ellen Mauer, 52, who resigned from the school board March 19, and district secretary Denise Zwit, 66, each pleaded guilty to one misdemeanor count of disregarding election code. … Authorities said… Zwit, who continues to work as assistant to District 128 Superintendent Prentiss Lea, claimed she was present when three nominating petitions for school board President Patrick Groody were circulated.”[308]Lee Filas and Russell Lissau, “Plea deals reached in District 128 perjury cases,” dailyherald.com, April 23, 2018

Case Notes:
The People of the State of Illinois v. Denise M. Zwit
Case Number: 17CF00001654
Type of Election:
School Board

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
67.Election Year: 2016
Name: Audrey R. Cook
Party Affiliation: Republican[309]State News, “88-year-old pleads guilty to casting vote for late husband,” wgil.com, June 9, 2017

Offense and Sentencing:
Audrey R. Cook pleaded guilty on 6/8/2018 to one reduced misdemeanor count of “attempted violation of election code in exchange for a prosecution agreement to drop a felony perjury charge” related to an offense that occurred in September or October 2016.[310]State News, “88-year-old pleads guilty to casting vote for late husband,” wgil.com, June 9, 2017 No sentencing information found.
“An 88-year-old election judge from southern Illinois has pleaded not guilty after allegedly sending in an absentee ballot in her late husband’s name. … Audrey Cook appeared Thursday [11/17/2016] in Madison County Circuit Court. Cook, of Alton, told The Associated Press this month that she filled out the ballot for her husband after he died in September because she knew he would want Donald Trump to be president. Madison County State’s Attorney Tom Gibbons has said the ballot was never even opened because a clerk found it had been submitted in the name of a deceased person.”[311]Associated Press, “Election Judge Pleads Not Guilty in Absentee Ballot Case,” njherald.com, November 17, 2016

Case Notes:
State of Illinois v. Cook Audrey R
Case Number: 2016CF002885
Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
68.Election Year: 2016
Name: Marvin A. Hershman
Party Affiliation: Not Found[312]According to Bolder Advocacy, “Illinois voters do not register by political party or declare a political party membership. However, voters must declare their party affiliation in order to … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Marvin A. Hershman pleaded guilty on 1/9/2019 to one count of disregarding the election code for an offense committed on 10/25/2016.[313]Lake County, IL, “Search > Select a Case > Case Number 18CF00000538, PEOPLE VS HERSHMAN,” circuitclerk.lakecountyil.gov, accessed on April 6, 2022 Hershman was sentenced to four months of conditional discharge plus a $657 fine.[314]Lake County, IL, “Search > Select a Case > Case Number 18CF00000538, PEOPLE VS HERSHMAN,” circuitclerk.lakecountyil.gov, accessed on April 6, 2022
“Marvin Hershman, of Lake County, voted twice in the 2016 general election. Hershman was charged with two counts of voting more than once and one count of perjury. He took a plea of convenience (nolo contendere) of disregarding election code and was sentenced to four months’ imprisonment and ordered to pay a fine of $657.”[315]The Heritage Foundation, “Voter Fraud Report,” heritage.org, accessed on April 6, 2022 Hershman was “accused of voting once in Lake County, and again in Cook County.”[316]Lee Filas, “Five Plead Not Guilty to Lake County Voter Fraud Allegations,” DailyHerald.com, March 21, 2018

Case Notes:
People v. Hershman
Case Number: 18CF538
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
69.Election Year: 2016
Name: Jesse P. Johnson III
Party Affiliation: Republican / Democrat[317]George Pawlaczyk, “Felon Gets Two Years in Prison for Voting Twice, Once for a Republican, Once for a Democrat,” bnd.com, March 13 , 2018[318]”Illinois voters do not register by political party or declare a political party membership. However, voters must declare their party affiliation in order to receive the party ballot for which … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Jesse P. Johnson III pleaded guilty on 2/21/2018 to one count of perjury in relation to an offense committed on 3/4/2016.[319]St. Clair County, Illinois, “Case Details,” co.st-clair.il.us, accessed on April 6, 2022 – Case Number: 16CF0038501 Johnson III was sentenced on the same day to two years in jail.[320]St. Clair County, Illinois, “Case Details,” co.st-clair.il.us, accessed on April 6, 2022 – Case Number: 16CF0038501
“Johnson, 53, who was caught by the St. Clair County Public Corruption Task Force, was sentenced to two years in state prison for voting twice in the 2016 primary election, once for a Republican and once for a Democrat. People who vote twice are usually suspected of being paid for their vote. Johnson was not convicted of selling his vote.”[321]George Pawlaczyk, “Felon Gets Two Years in Prison for Voting Twice, Once for a Republican, Once for a Democrat,” bnd.com, March 13 , 2018

Case Notes:
The People of the State of Illinois v. Jesse P. Johnson III
Case Number: 16CF0038501
Court Records
Type of Election:
Primary

Party Affiliation:
Republican / Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote and 1 illegal Democratic vote in the Primary / No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
70.Election Year: 2016
Name: Janet A. Pokryfke
Party Affiliation: Not Found[322]According to Bolder Advocacy, “Illinois voters do not register by political party or declare a political party membership. However, voters must declare their party affiliation in order to … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Janet A. Pokryfke “was found guilty of disregarding the election code, a misdemeanor,” on 8/27/2018 in relation to an allegation of voting twice in the November 2016 election; three further charges were dismissed.[323]Lee Filas, “Mundelein Woman Accused of Voting Twice in 2016 Election Grabs Plea Deal,” dailyherald.com, August 27, 2018 Pokryfke was “sentenced to six months of probation, 20 hours of public service and a $200 fine.”[324]Lee Filas, “Mundelein Woman Accused of Voting Twice in 2016 Election Grabs Plea Deal,” dailyherald.com, August 27, 2018
“Janet Pokryfke, 69, of Mundelein, was found guilty of disregarding the election code, a misdemeanor, during proceedings in front of Lake County Judge Victoria Rossetti. Pokryfke did not admit guilt to allegations she voted twice in the November 2016 election, but agreed there was enough evidence to convict her should the case go to trial. … Two felony charges of voting more than once and one charge of perjury were dismissed in exchange for the plea deal. Pokryfke could have been sentenced up to 5 years in prison if she were convicted on those charges.”[325]Lee Filas, “Mundelein Woman Accused of Voting Twice in 2016 Election Grabs Plea Deal,” dailyherald.com, August 27, 2018

Case Notes:
The People of the State of Illinois v. Janet A. Pokryfke
Case Number: 18CF00000539
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
71.Election Year: 2016
Name: Miguel Valencia-Sandoval, also known as Ramiro Vasquez
Party Affiliation: Not Found[326]According to Bolder Advocacy, “Illinois voters do not register by political party or declare a political party membership. However, voters must declare their party affiliation in order to … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Miguel Valencia-Sandoval pleaded guilty on 1/19/2018 to three counts of “Voting in Election by Illegal Alien,” and one count each of “False Claim of Citizenship in Order to Vote in Election” and “False Statement in Application for Passport;” for offenses committed between 2012 and 2016.[327]United States District Court, Central District of Illinois, “United States of America v. Miguel Valencia-Sandoval, aka “Ramiro Vasquez,” – Case Number: 17-CR-20012 Valencia-Sandoval was sentenced on the same day to 12 months in federal prison followed by 12 months of supervised release for each count, to be served concurrently, plus a $275 fine.[328]United States District Court, Central District of Illinois, “United States of America v. Miguel Valencia-Sandoval, aka “Ramiro Vasquez,” – Case Number: 17-CR-20012
“A Mexican national who has lived in Urbana for 11 years pleaded guilty… to five counts in a federal indictment, four of which are related to voting by an illegal alien. The other count says that 33-year-old Miguel Valencia-Sandoval made a false statement in an application for a U.S. passport. … Valencia-Sandoval has admitted that he paid $50,000 in March 2005 for the birth certificate of a Texas man, Ramiro Guerrero-Vasquez, and that he used it in 2012 to obtain a passport… ICE agents also determined that he registered to vote in Champaign County in October 2008, falsely swearing that he was Ramiro Vasquez, and that he had voted in elections in 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014 and 2016. Authorities first were tipped off to Valencia-Sandoval’s real identity in August 2016 when an informant went to the Piatt County Sheriff’s Office.”[329]Tom Kacich, “Mexican Man Living in Urbana Pleads Guilty to Infractions,” news-gazette.com, August 26, 2017

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Miguel Valencia-Sandoval, aka “Ramiro Vasquez”
Case Number: 17-CR-20012
Indictment, Judgement, and Sentencing
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
72.Election Year: 2016
Name: Gina D. Villaruz
Party Affiliation: Not Found[330]According to Bolder Advocacy, “Illinois voters do not register by political party or declare a political party membership. However, voters must declare their party affiliation in order to … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Gina D. Villaruz pleaded guilty on 6/28/2018 to one misdemeanor count of disregarding the election code in relation to an offense committed in 2016; one further charge of perjury was dropped.[331]Lake County, IL, “Search > Select a Case > Case Number 18CF00000536, PEOPLE VS VILLARUZ,” circuitclerk.lakecountyil.gov, accessed on April 7, 2022 Villaruz was sentenced on the same day to six months of conditional release, 20 hours of public service, and $782 in associated fines and fees.[332]Lake County, IL, “Search > Select a Case > Case Number 18CF00000536, PEOPLE VS VILLARUZ,” circuitclerk.lakecountyil.gov, accessed on April 7, 2022
“Two Lake County residents were among more than 40 people documented of committing voter fraud in the state since the year 2000, according to a Heritage Foundation database. Marcello Villaruz and his wife, Gina, were found to have engaged in ineligible voting. The couple was convicted in 2018 of voting in the 2016 presidential election despite being noncitizens.”[333]Local Labs News Service, “2 Lake County Residents Among Those on Illinois Voter Fraud Roster,” lakecountygazette.com, October 3, 2019

Case Notes:
The People of the State of Illinois v. Gina D. Villaruz
Case Number: 18CF00000536
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
73.Election Year: 2016
Name: Marcelo Villaruz
Party Affiliation: Not Found[334]According to Bolder Advocacy, “Illinois voters do not register by political party or declare a political party membership. However, voters must declare their party affiliation in order to … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Marcelo Villaruz pleaded guilty on 6/28/2018 to one misdemeanor count of disregarding the election code in relation to an offense committed in 2016; one further charge of perjury was dropped.[335]Lake County, IL, “Search > Select a Case > Case Number 18CF00000535, PEOPLE VS VILLARUZ,” circuitclerk.lakecountyil.gov, accessed on April 7, 2022 Villaruz was sentenced on the same day to six months of conditional release, 20 hours of public service, and $782 in associated fines and fees.[336]Lake County, IL, “Search > Select a Case > Case Number 18CF00000535, PEOPLE VS VILLARUZ,” circuitclerk.lakecountyil.gov, accessed on April 7, 2022
“Two Lake County residents were among more than 40 people documented of committing voter fraud in the state since the year 2000, according to a Heritage Foundation database. Marcello Villaruz and his wife, Gina, were found to have engaged in ineligible voting. The couple was convicted in 2018 of voting in the 2016 presidential election despite being noncitizens.”[337]Local Labs News Service, “2 Lake County Residents Among Those on Illinois Voter Fraud Roster,” lakecountygazette.com, October 3, 2019

Case Notes:
The People of the State of Illinois v. Marcelo Villaruz
Case Number: 18CF00000535
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
74.Election Year: 2016
Name: Yvette A. Yust
Party Affiliation: Not Found[338]According to Bolder Advocacy, “Illinois voters do not register by political party or declare a political party membership. However, voters must declare their party affiliation in order to … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Yvette A. Yust pleaded guilty on 7/11/2018 to one misdemeanor count of disorderly conduct in relation to an offense committed in 2016; one further charge of perjury was dropped.[339]Lake County, IL, “Search > Select a Case > Case Number 18CF00000537, PEOPLE VS YUST,” circuitclerk.lakecountyil.gov, accessed on April 7, 2022 Yust was sentenced on the same day to six months of conditional release, 20 hours of public service, and $772 in associated fines and fees.[340]Lake County, IL, “Search > Select a Case > Case Number 18CF00000537, PEOPLE VS YUST,” circuitclerk.lakecountyil.gov, accessed on April 7, 2022
“Yvette Yust, a resident of Waukegan, claimed to be a citizen in order to vote in the 2016 presidential election. Yust was charged with two felony counts of perjury, but, as part of a plea agreement, pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor disorderly conduct charge.”[341]Heritage Foundation, “Election Fraud Cases,” heritage.org, accessed on April 7, 2022

Case Notes:
The People of the State of Illinois v. Yvette A. Yust
Case Number: 18CF00000537
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
75.Election Year: 2016
Name: Thomas Rudd
Party Affiliation: Democrat / Independent[342]Lee Filas, “Ex-lake County Coroner Pleads Guilty to Disregarding Election Law,” dailyherald.com, March 14, 2018

Offense and Sentencing:
Thomas Rudd pleaded guilty on 3/14/2018 to five misdemeanor counts of disregarding the election code, reduced from five felony counts of perjury[343]Lake County Clerk of the Circuit Court Public Access System, “Court Case Details – Case Number: 17CF00000473,” circuitclerk.lakecountyil.gov, accessed on May 27, 2022 as part of a plea agreement.[344]Lee Filas, “Ex-lake County Coroner Pleads Guilty to Disregarding Election Law,” dailyherald.com, March 14, 2018 Rudd was sentenced was sentenced to “24 months on nonreporting probation, pay a $5,000 fine to Lake County and pay a $5,000 fine to the Paul Simon Public Policy Center in Carbondale.”[345]Lee Filas, “Ex-lake County Coroner Pleads Guilty to Disregarding Election Law,” dailyherald.com, March 14, 2018
“[Thomas] Rudd, of Lake Forest, was facing five felony counts of perjury alleging he made false statements on nominating petitions filed before his unsuccessful 2016 re-election bid for coroner. … Authorities said Rudd falsely swore under oath he was present when voters signed nominating petitions he filed in November 2015. Prosecutors allege 15 to 20 petition signatures were false, including one from a person who had been dead for more than a decade.”[346]Lee Filas, “Ex-lake County Coroner Pleads Guilty to Disregarding Election Law,” dailyherald.com, March 14, 2018

Case Notes:
People v. Rudd
Case Number: 17CF00000473
Type of Election:
Nomination Petitions before a Coroner Election

Party Affiliation:
Democrat / Independent

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections

Return to Summary Chart

INDIANA – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
76.Election Year: 2020
Name: Janet L. Reed
Party Affiliation: Democrat

Offense and Sentencing:
Janet L. Reed pleaded guilty on 5/27/2021 to one felony count of “unauthorized absentee ballot” in relation to an offense committed on 4/15/2020.[347]State of Indiana, County of Vanderburgh, “Court Records” public.courts.in.gov, July 1, 2021 and State of Indiana, County of Vanderburgh, “Sentencing Order,” … Continue reading Reed was sentenced on 7/01/2021 to 547 days imprisonment, suspended to probation, and $2,740 in restitution.[348]State of Indiana, County of Vanderburgh, “Sentencing Order,” public.courts.in.gov, July 1, 2021
“A local Democratic Party activist has been sentenced to probation for sending illegally pre-marked mailings to voters ahead of the 2020 primary elections. … The illegal mailings were absentee ballot applications Reed sent with the Democratic Party pre-selected in the section where voters were supposed to choose whether to receive a ballot for the Democratic or Republican primary election.”[349]Christina Elias, “Janet Reed Sentenced to Probation for Felony Election Fraud,” courierpress.com, July 1, 2021

Case Notes:
State of Indiana v. Janet L. Reed
Case Number: 82C01-2006-F6-003364
Sentencing Order and Court Records
Type of Election:
Absentee Ballot Applications before the 2020 Primary Election

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections

Return to Summary Chart

IOWA – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
77.Election Year: 2016
Name: Terri Lynn Rote
Party Affiliation: Republican[350]David Pitt, “Iowa Woman Charged with Voting Twice for Trump Pleads Guilty,” apnews.com, July 7, 2017

Offense and Sentencing:
Terri Lynn Rote pleaded guilty on 7/27/2017 to one felony charge of election misconduct in relation to an offense committed in October 2016.[351]Associated Press, “Iowa Woman Charged With Voting Twice for Trump Pleads Guilty,” desmoinesregister.com, July 7, 2017 Rote was sentenced in August 2017 to two years of probation and a $750 fine.[352]Iowa Woman Who Tried to Vote for Donald Trump Twice Gets Two Years Probation and $750 Fine,” independent.co.uk, August 18, 2017
“Rote is a registered Republican and a Trump supporter. She was arrested on Oct. 21 after showing up at a Polk County election satellite office in Des Moines and tried to cast a second ballot for the November election. She told police that she believed Trump’s claims that the election was rigged and thought that her first ballot would be changed to a vote for Hillary Clinton.”[353]David Pitt, “Iowa Woman Charged with Voting Twice for Trump Pleads Guilty,” apnews.com, July 7, 2017

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote

Return to Summary Chart

KANSAS – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
78.Election Year: 2019
Name: Steven Charles Watkins, Jr, also known as Steven Watkins
Party Affiliation: Republican[354]Ballotpedia, “Steve Watkins,” ballotpedia.org, accessed on June 2, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Steven Charles Watkins, Jr was charged on 7/14/2020 with one felony count each of voting while not being qualified, knowingly voting or transmitting more than one advanced ballot, and interference with a law enforcement officer – providing false information, as well as one misdemeanor count of failure to provide notice of a change of address or name, in relation to offences committed during the November 2019 City Council elections in Topeka, Kansas.[355]KS Third Judicial District Court Public Access, “Public Access Case Notes – Case Number: 2020-CR-001356,” public.shawneecourt.org, accessed on May 31, 2022 As part of a plea deal,[356]Andrew Bahl, “Former Congressman Steve Watkins Agrees to Diversion Deal, Could Avoid Prosecution,” cjonline.com, March 2, 2021 on 3/1/2021 Watkins entered a diversion program and was fined $250; on 12/6/2021, after successful completion of the diversion program, the charges against Watkins were dismissed.[357]KS Third Judicial District Court Public Access, “Public Access Case Notes – Case Number: 2020-CR-001356,” public.shawneecourt.org, accessed on May 31, 2022
“Former Congressman Steve Watkins … was charged last year for allegedly voting in the wrong Topeka City Council race after listing a UPS Store as his voting address. He also was charged with interfering with law enforcement after he allegedly lied to a Shawnee County detective who was investigating the case. … As part of the deal with [Shawnee County District Attorney Mike] Kagay’s office, Watkins stipulated to the facts of the case, including an acknowledgment that he lied when he told a detective he did not vote in the city council race.”[358]Andrew Bahl, “Former Congressman Steve Watkins Agrees to Diversion Deal, Could Avoid Prosecution,” cjonline.com, March 2, 2021

Case Notes:
State of Kansas v. Steven Charles Watkins, Jr
Case Number: 2020-CR-001356
Court Records
Type of Election:
City Council

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
79.Election Year: 2016
Name: Que J. Fullmer
Party Affiliation: Republican[359]VoterRecords.com, “Que J Fullmer’s Colorado Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed June 21, 2021

Offense and Sentencing:
Que J. Fullmer was charged in 2017 with “four felony charges — two counts of voting without being qualified, one count of voting more than once, and one count of ‘advance voting unlawful acts’.”[360]Kira Lerner, “Kobach Is Prosecuting This Confused Senior With Four Counts of Felony Voter Fraud,” thinkprogress.org, January 5, 2018 Fullmer was sentenced to a $1,000 fine plus $558 in court costs and lab fee.[361]Brad Cooper, “Prosecutors Drop Last Voter Fraud Case Brought By Kobach,” sunflowerstatejournal.com, April 1, 2019
“For the past few years, Que J. Fullmer has split his time between Kansas and Colorado. … In November 2016, Fullmer cast ballots in both states. He figured that because he pays taxes in both places, he was entitled to have his voice heard in local and state races in two states. He only voted for president, Donald Trump, in Kansas.”[362]Kira Lerner, “Kobach Is Prosecuting This Confused Senior With Four Counts of Felony Voter Fraud,” thinkprogress.org, January 5, 2018

Case Notes:
Case Number: 2017-CR-106
Type of Election:
Local and State

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote in Congressional elections / No effect on Presidential elections
80.Election Year: 2016
Name: David E. Haddock
Party Affiliation: Not Found[363]According to the “Kansas Voter Registration Application Form,” voters must choose a party affiliation with the options being: Democratic, Republican, Libertarian, or Not affiliated with a … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
David E. Haddock pleaded no contest on 4/25/2018 to one misdemeanor charge of disorderly election conduct in relation to an offense committed on 10/21/2016; three further felony charges were dismissed.[364]Kansas District Court Public Access Portal, “Case Information – State of Kansas vs. David E Haddock,” prodportal.kscourts.org, accessed April 14, 2022 Haddock was sentenced to a $1,000 fine plus $558 in court costs and lab fee.[365]Brad Cooper, “Prosecutors Drop Last Voter Fraud Case Brought By Kobach,” sunflowerstatejournal.com, April 1, 2019
“Ten of the 12 cases filed by Kobach’s office have charged people with voting illegally in Kansas while voting in the same elections in other states. His office filed four felony charges earlier this month in Franklin County against David E. Haddock, alleging he voted there last year while also voting in Colorado.”[366]John Hanna, “Kansas Secretary of State Files 2 New Election Fraud Cases,” washingtontimes.com, August 31, 2017

Case Notes:
State of Kansas vs. David E Haddock
Case Number: 2017-CR-000243
Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
81.Election Year: 2016
Name: Bailey Ann McCaughey
Party Affiliation: Republican

Offense and Sentencing:
Bailey McCaughey was charged in August 2017 with one felony count each of “election perjury” and “voting more than once,” in relation to an offense committed in 2016.[367]Allison McCann, “Kris Kobach Wanted This 20-Year-Old to Go to Jail for Accidentally Voting Twice,” vice.com, April 23, 2018 Describing the incident as “an ‘honest mistake’,” McCaughey was sentenced to a $500 fine and $158 in court costs.[368]Brad Cooper, “Prosecutors Drop Last Voter Fraud Case Brought By Kobach,” sunflowerstatejournal.com, April 1, 2019
“In 2016, McCaughey was home in Colorado for a rodeo tournament when she filled out a mail-in ballot for the presidential election. She returned to college in Kansas that fall, forgot about the ballot she’d left at home on the kitchen counter, and voted again with friends on election day. It wasn’t until her mom called a few days later to tell her she’d mailed her ballot that Bailey realized she’d voted twice — both times for Donald Trump.”[369]Allison McCann, “Kris Kobach Wanted This 20-Year-Old to Go to Jail for Accidentally Voting Twice,” vice.com, April 23, 2018

Case Notes:
State of Kansas v. Bailey Ann McCaughey
Case Number: 2018CR7
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
82.Election Year: 2016
Name: Lee Arthur Orr
Party Affiliation: Not Found[370]According to the “Kansas Voter Registration Application Form,” voters must choose a party affiliation with the options being: Democratic, Republican, Libertarian, or Not affiliated with a … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Lee Arthur Orr was charged in 2017 with “a class one election offense” in relation to offenses committed in 2014 and 2016.[371]Melissa Greenstein, “Man Accused of Voting in Both Wyandotte, Jackson County Elections,” kshb.com, November 8, 2017 Orr was sentenced to a $500 fine plus $200 in attorney fees.[372]Brad Cooper, “Prosecutors Drop Last Voter Fraud Case Brought By Kobach,” sunflowerstatejournal.com, April 1, 2019
“68-year-old Lee Arthur Orr… registered to vote in Wyandotte County in 2011 and later registered in Jackson County, as well. On Nov. 4, 2014, Orr allegedly cast votes in both Jackson County and Wyandotte County. He’s also accused of casting an early voter ballot in Wyandotte County on Nov. 5, 2016 and then later voting at a Jackson County polling location on Nov. 8, 2016.”[373]Melissa Greenstein, “Man Accused of Voting in Both Wyandotte, Jackson County Elections,” kshb.com, November 8, 2017

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown

Return to Summary Chart

KENTUCKY – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
83.Election Year: 2016
Name: Keith Justice
Party Affiliation: Republican[374]News-Express Staff Report, “First Filing Deadline for Local, State, National Races,” news-expressky.com, February 1, 2018

Offense and Sentencing:
Keith Justice pleaded guilty on 8/17/2017 to “four counts of attempting to intimidate an election officer and one count of attempting to interfere with an election” (all felonies) in relation to offenses committed during the 2016 statewide primary election.[375]WSAZ, “Pike County Man Sentenced on Election Fraud Charges.” wsaz.com, August 14, 2017 and Lane Report, “Pike County Man Indicted for Election Fraud,” lanereport.com, June 14, … Continue reading Justice was sentenced to 30 days of home incarceration, a $500 fine, and had his private investigator’s license revoked for a year.[376]WSAZ, “Pike County Man Sentenced on Election Fraud Charges.” wsaz.com, August 14, 2017
“A private detective who worked for state Senate Minority Leader Ray Jones pleaded guilty Monday to four counts of attempting to influence an election officer and one count of attempting to interfere with an election. … The charges stem from [Keith] Justice’s actions at the Phelps precinct in Pike County during the May 17, 2016, primary election. According to a news release from Beshear’s office, interviews with four election officers showed that Justice ‘came into the precinct and showed a badge stating he was investigating election fraud.’ The news release said Justice directed the workers to give written and audio-recorded statements and collected a copy of the precinct sheriff’s report. The precinct workers would not have cooperated with Justice ‘had they known he was not a law enforcement officer,’ the news release said.”[377]Tom Loftus, “State senator’s private detective pleads guilty to charges of intimidating poll workers,” courier-journal.com, August 15, 2017

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Election Intimidation / Interference before a Primary

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections

Return to Summary Chart

LOUISIANA – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
84.Election Year: 2020
Name: Emmanuel Zanders III
Party Affiliation: Democrat[378]Law Officer, “Democrat Politician Arrested for Election Fraud,” lawofficer.com, January 15, 2021

Offense and Sentencing:
Emmanuel Zanders III pleaded guilty on 7/12/2021 to one misdemeanor count of election fraud, reduced from eight felony charges as part of a plea deal.[379]James Finn, “Amite City Councilman Takes Plea Deal in Election Fraud Case, Will Get One Misdemeanor,” theadvocate.com, July 12, 2021 Councilman Zanders agreed to resign his seat on the Amite City council as part of his plea agreement.[380]James Finn, “Amite City Councilman Takes Plea Deal in Election Fraud Case, Will Get One Misdemeanor,” theadvocate.com, July 12, 2021 Sentencing was set for July 28, 2021[381]James Finn, “Amite City Councilman Takes Plea Deal in Election Fraud Case, Will Get One Misdemeanor,” theadvocate.com, July 12, 2021 but as of September 2022, no information has been found.
“Emmanuel Zanders III, an eight-year District 3 councilman and former Amite City Mayor Pro Tem,… initially faced eight felony counts of violating Louisiana’s election integrity laws. … The Tangipahoa Parish Registrar of Voters contacted the Secretary of State’s office in October after noticing some voter registration forms had been submitted with fraudulent addresses. … Investigators from the attorney general’s office later found two addresses for separate, vacant lots in Amite’s District 3 — one had had six people registered to vote and the other had 16 registrants,… [AG Jeff] Landry said Zanders ‘purposefully manipulated citizens,” having them sign their voter registration form before he later filled out the address on his own.'”[382]James Finn, “Amite City Councilman Takes Plea Deal in Election Fraud Case, Will Get One Misdemeanor,” theadvocate.com, July 12, 2021

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Local Council

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
85.Election Year: 2018
Name: Delores “Dee” Handy
Party Affiliation: Not Found[383]According to the Louisiana Voter Registration Application Form, “Party Affiliation – If you are registering for the first time, you may choose a party affiliation of Democrat, Green, … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Delores “Dee” Handy was found guilty by a 6-person jury in September 2020 to violation of the Louisiana Election Code Section 1461.7.A.(3) which states: “No person shall knowingly, willfully, or intentionally:… when assisting a voter in voting, fail to mark the ballot or vote in the manner dictated by the voter,” in relation to offenses committed in October 2018.[384]KLFY, “Crowley Woman Convicted on Election Fraud Charge,” klfy.com, September 2, 2020, and Crowley Post-Signal, “Handy Sentenced in Election Fraud Case,” … Continue reading Handy was sentenced in September 2020 to an 11 month suspended sentence in a parish jail, two years of probation, and an $800 fine plus associated court costs.[385]Crowley Post-Signal, “Handy Sentenced in Election Fraud Case,” crowleypostsignal.com, October 1, 2020
“Delores “Dee” Handy, 69, of West Seventh Street, was convicted in Early September for ‘purposely failing to mark an elderly voter’s ballot in the manner dictated by said voter.’ … The first incident occurred on Sept. 6, 2018; the second on Sept. 10, 2018. Both of the victims were elderly women who were casting mail-in ballots in the Nov. 6, 2018, elections, which included a number of municipal races in Crowley.”[386]Crowley Post-Signal, “Handy Sentenced in Election Fraud Case,” crowleypostsignal.com, October 1, 2020

Case Notes:
Case was heard in the 15th Judicial District Court in Lafayette Parish
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Municipal

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
86.Election Year: 2016 and 2020
Name: Kristian Hart, also known as Kris Hart
Party Affiliation: Democrat[387]VoterRecords.com, “Kristian Damon Hart’s Louisiana Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on September 14, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Kristian Hart pleaded guilty on 7/20/2022 “to criminally violating federal election laws as part of a conspiracy to pay, or offer to pay, voters for voting in a federal election” and “three counts of paying and offering to pay voters during both the 2016 and 2020 elections” where Hart was running for his council seat.[388]US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of Louisiana, “Former Louisiana Police Chief and City Councilmember Plead Guilty in Vote-Buying Conspiracy,” justice.gov, July 21, 2022 Sentencing is scheduled for November 1, 2022.[389]US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of Louisiana, “Former Louisiana Police Chief and City Councilmember Plead Guilty in Vote-Buying Conspiracy,” justice.gov, July 21, 2022
“Jerry Trabona, 72, the former Chief of Police in Amite City, and Kristian ‘Kris’ Hart, 49, a current Amite City councilmember, pleaded guilty to conspiring to pay and offering to pay voters residing in Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana, for voting in the 2016 open primary election and the 2016 open general election. Trabona and Hart admitted that they agreed with each other and others to pay or offer to pay voters during contests in which the defendants were candidates … Hart [also] pleaded guilty to three counts of paying and offering to pay voters during both the 2016 and 2020 elections.”[390]US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of Louisiana, “Former Louisiana Police Chief and City Councilmember Plead Guilty in Vote-Buying Conspiracy,” justice.gov, July 21, 2022

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Kristian Hart
Case Number: 2:21-cr-00153-GGG-KWR
Plea Agreement
Type of Election:
Local Council

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
87.Election Year: 2016
Name: Jerry Trabona
Party Affiliation: Independent[391]VoterRecords.com, “Jerry J Trabona’s Louisiana Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on September 14, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Jerry Trabona pleaded guilty on 7/20/2022 “to criminally violating federal election laws as part of a conspiracy to pay, or offer to pay, voters for voting in a federal election.”[392]US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of Louisiana, “Former Louisiana Police Chief and City Councilmember Plead Guilty in Vote-Buying Conspiracy,” justice.gov, July 21, 2022 Sentencing is scheduled for November 1, 2022.[393]US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of Louisiana, “Former Louisiana Police Chief and City Councilmember Plead Guilty in Vote-Buying Conspiracy,” justice.gov, July 21, 2022
“Jerry Trabona, 72, the former Chief of Police in Amite City, and Kristian ‘Kris’ Hart, 49, a current Amite City councilmember, pleaded guilty to conspiring to pay and offering to pay voters residing in Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana, for voting in the 2016 open primary election and the 2016 open general election. Trabona and Hart admitted that they agreed with each other and others to pay or offer to pay voters during contests in which the defendants were candidates, [Hart ran for his council seat during both the open primary and general elections. Trabona sought reelection to police chief in the open primary] and in which federal candidates appeared on the same ballot.”[394]US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of Louisiana, “Former Louisiana Police Chief and City Councilmember Plead Guilty in Vote-Buying Conspiracy,” justice.gov, July 21, 2022

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Jerry Trabona
Case Number: 2:21-cr-00153-GGG-KWR
Plea Agreement
Type of Election:
Local Council

Party Affiliation:
Independent

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
88.Election Year: 2016
Name: Sidney Smith
Party Affiliation: Democrat[395]VoterRecords.com, “Sidney Smith’s Louisiana Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on September 14, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Sidney Smith pleaded guilty on 11/29/2021 to conspiracy to buy votes during the 2016 election.[396]US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of Louisiana, “Former Louisiana Police Chief and City Councilmember Plead Guilty in Vote-Buying Conspiracy,” justice.gov, July 21, 2022 No sentencing information available as of September 14, 2022.
“The Department of Justice also announced the guilty pleas of two additional Tangipahoa Parish residents for their involvement in vote buying in Tangipahoa Parish during the 2016 election period: Sidney Smith, 68, of Amite City, and Calvin Batiste, 64, of Independence. … Smith pleaded guilty before U.S. District Judge Lance Africk on Nov. 29, [2021] and Batiste pleaded guilty before U.S. District Judge Martin L.C. Feldman on Dec. 8. [2021] Smith and Batiste both face a maximum penalty of five years in prison. A federal district court judge will determine any sentence after considering the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines and other statutory factors.”[397]US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of Louisiana, “Former Louisiana Police Chief and City Councilmember Plead Guilty in Vote-Buying Conspiracy,” justice.gov, July 21, 2022

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Local Council
Party Affiliation:
Democrat
Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
89.Election Year: 2016
Name: Calvin Baptise
Party Affiliation: No Voter Record[398]VoterRecords.com, “Calvin Baptiste has 0 Voter Records in Louisiana,” voterrecords.com, accessed on September 14, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Calvin Baptiste pleaded guilty on 12/8/2021 to conspiracy to buy votes during the 2016 election.[399]US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of Louisiana, “Former Louisiana Police Chief and City Councilmember Plead Guilty in Vote-Buying Conspiracy,” justice.gov, July 21, 2022 No sentencing information available as of September 14, 2022.
“The Department of Justice also announced the guilty pleas of two additional Tangipahoa Parish residents for their involvement in vote buying in Tangipahoa Parish during the 2016 election period: Sidney Smith, 68, of Amite City, and Calvin Batiste, 64, of Independence. … Smith pleaded guilty before U.S. District Judge Lance Africk on Nov. 29, [2021] and Batiste pleaded guilty before U.S. District Judge Martin L.C. Feldman on Dec. 8. [2021] Smith and Batiste both face a maximum penalty of five years in prison. A federal district court judge will determine any sentence after considering the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines and other statutory factors.”[400]US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of Louisiana, “Former Louisiana Police Chief and City Councilmember Plead Guilty in Vote-Buying Conspiracy,” justice.gov, July 21, 2022

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Local Council

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections

Return to Summary Chart

MARYLAND – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
90.Election Year: 2016 and 2018
Name: Michael Nana Baako
Party Affiliation: Not Found[401]According to the Maryland Voter Registration Application Form, “You must register with a political party if you want to take part in the political party’s primary election, caucus, or … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Michael Nana Baako pleaded guilty on 7/31/2019 to one “federal charge of passport fraud;” one further count each of passport fraud, false claim to US citizenship, and illegal voting by an alien were dismissed as part of a plea agreement.[402]United States Attorney’s Office, District of Maryland, “Physician Pleads Guilty To Passport Fraud,” justice.gov, August 1, 2019 and Court Listener, “United States v. Baako,” … Continue reading Baako was sentenced on 9/27/2019 to 15 months in federal prison to be followed by three years of supervised release.[403]United States Attorney’s Office, District of Maryland, “Physician Sentenced to 15 Months in Federal Prison for Passport Fraud,” justice.gov, September 27, 2019 It was announced on 9/27/2019 by the United States Attorney’s Office in the District of Maryland that “the Department of Homeland Security has initiated removal proceedings against Baako.”[404]United States Attorney’s Office, District of Maryland, “Physician Sentenced to 15 Months in Federal Prison for Passport Fraud,” justice.gov, September 27, 2019
“A federal grand jury last week indicted a Fulton man on charges of passport fraud, falsely claiming U.S. citizenship and illegally voting. Michael Nana Baako, a 50-year-old Ghanaian native, was a physician who practiced in Maryland hospitals and had his own clinic. … In 2005, Baako allegedly registered to vote at the Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration, swearing under penalty of perjury he was an American citizen. He then allegedly voted in approximately 10 elections for federal candidates, including seven general elections.”[405]Tyler Waldman, “Prosecutors: Fulton Man Lied To Obtain Citizenship, Illegally Voted In 10 Elections,” wbalcom, May 8 2019

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Michael Nana Baako
Case Number: 1:19-CR-00224
Charges and Sentencing and Docket Entries
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
91.Election Year: 2016
Name: John Doe, aka Cheyenne Moody Davis
Party Affiliation: Not Found[406]According to the Maryland Voter Registration Application Form, “You must register with a political party if you want to take part in the political party’s primary election, caucus, or … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
John Doe, aka Cheyenne Moody Davis was found guilty by a jury in 2017[407]Clark Neily and Jay Schweikert, “John Doe, a/k/a Cheyenne Moody Davis v. United States,” cato.org, August 15, 2019 “for charges of passport fraud, social security fraud, aggravated identity theft, and two counts of voter fraud.”[408]Elizabeth Morse, “‘John Doe’ Sentenced To 42 Months In Prison For Passport Fraud, Social Security Fraud, Aggravated Identity Theft, And Two Counts Of Voter Fraud,” … Continue reading Doe was sentenced in May 2018 to 42 months in prison to be followed by three years of supervised release.[409]Elizabeth Morse, “‘John Doe’ Sentenced To 42 Months In Prison For Passport Fraud, Social Security Fraud, Aggravated Identity Theft, And Two Counts Of Voter Fraud,” … Continue reading On 02/15/2019 the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit affirmed the judgement of the district court.[410]CaseText, “United States v. Doe – Opinion: No. 18-4338,” castext.com, February 15, 2019 On 8/15/2019 a petition for writ of certiorari requesting a further case review was filed; the petition was denied on 10/7/2019.[411]Supreme Court of the United States, “John Doe, A/K/a Cheyenne Moody Davis, Petitioner v. United States of America,” supremecourt.gov, accessed April 8, 2022
“Defendant, whose true identity remains unknown, lived under a stolen identity for twenty years, using it to obtain a passport, Social Security card, and to vote in the 2016 Presidential Election. … According to evidence presented at the five-day trial… the defendant has lived under the assumed identity of a United States Citizen born in the United States Virgin Islands. Beginning no later than the summer of 1997, the defendant used the victim’s personally identifiable information to obtain a series of driver’s licenses and identification cards,… Building upon these documents, the defendant also obtained a United States passport and a Social Security card, and registered to vote.”[412]Elizabeth Morse, “‘John Doe’ Sentenced To 42 Months In Prison For Passport Fraud, Social Security Fraud, Aggravated Identity Theft, And Two Counts Of Voter Fraud,” … Continue reading

Case Notes:
United States of America v. John Doe, aka Cheyenne Moody Davis
US District Court for the District of Maryland, Northern Division
Case Number 1:17-CR-00054-ELH-1
US Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
Case Number: 18-4338 – Opinion
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown

Return to Summary Chart

MICHIGAN – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
92.Election Year: 2020
Name: Paul John Parana
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in Michigan[413]According to the website of the Office of the Secretary of State Jocelyn Benson, Michigan voters do not declare a party preference when registering to vote. – Source: Office of the Secretary of … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Paul John Parana pleaded guilty on 01/19/2021 to one count of violating election law “receiving payment to influence vote” in relation to an offense committed on 10/25/2020; as part of a plea agreement, two further charges of election law forgery and impersonating another to vote at an election were dismissed.[414]Third Judicial Circuit of Michigan – Criminal Case Records Search, “Register of Actions – Case Number: 20-004939-01-FH,” 3rdcc.org, accessed on April 8, 2022 Parana was sentenced on the same day to 90 days of probation and $1,128 in associated fees.[415]Third Judicial Circuit of Michigan – Criminal Case Records Search, “Register of Actions – Case Number: 20-004939-01-FH,” 3rdcc.org, accessed on April 8, 2022
“The Canton Township man accused of forging his daughter’s signature on an absentee voter ballot in the November [2020] general election was sentenced to probation Tuesday after pleading guilty to a lesser charge. Paul Parana, 47, pleaded guilty Tuesday to a 90-day misdemeanor election law violation. … Investigators found that prior to the Nov. 3 election, an absentee voter ballot addressed to Parana’s daughter arrived at his home, and rather than forward the ballot to his daughter, Parana filled out the ballot as she instructed. He then forged her name to the back of the ballot envelope and mailed it.”[416]Ryan Jarvi, “Canton Township Man Pleads Guilty to Misdemeanor Election Law Violation,” michigan.gov, January 20, 2021

Case Notes:
State of Michigan v. Paul John Parana
Case Number: 20-004939-01-FH
Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
93.Election Year: 2020
Name: Trenae Myesha Rainey
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in Michigan[417]According to the website of the Office of the Secretary of State Jocelyn Benson, Michigan voters do not declare a party preference when registering to vote. – Source: Office of the Secretary of … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Trenae Myesha Rainey pleaded guilty on 2/23/2022 to three misdemeanor charges of making a false statement in an absentee ballot application in relation to offenses committed in October 2020; reduced from three felony counts each of election law forgery and forging a signature on absentee ballot applications.[418]Susan Smiley, “Center Line Nursing Home Employee Pleads Guilty to Election Fraud,” macombdaily.com, February 25, 2022 Rainey was sentenced to 45 days in jail and 24 months probation.[419]MiCourt Case Search, “37th District Court 2021-C210651-FY State of Michigan v Rainey,” micourt.courts.michigan.gov, accessed February 28, 2022
“A Macomb County nursing home employee was sentenced to 45 days in jail and probation for forging signatures on absentee ballot applications. Trenae Myesha Rainey pleaded guilty Wednesday [2/23/2022] to three misdemeanor counts of making a false statement on an absentee ballot application. Rainey forged the signatures of residents of the Father Murray Nursing Home where she worked, even though they had not requested the applications.”[420]Steve Neavling, “Macomb County Nursing Home Employee Sentenced to Jail for Forging Absentee Ballot Applications,” metrotimes.com, February 25, 2022

Case Notes:
State of Michigan v. Rainey
Case Number: 2021-C210651-FY
Type of Election:
Absentee Ballot Applications before the 2020 Presidential Election

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
94.Election Year: 2020
Name: Carless Clark
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in Michigan[421]According to the website of the Office of the Secretary of State Jocelyn Benson, Michigan voters do not declare a party preference when registering to vote. – Source: Office of the Secretary of … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Carless Clark pleaded guilty on 11/17/2021 to one misdemeanor count of failure to perform election duty in relation to offenses committed on 10/23/2020; two further felony charges of election law forgery and impersonating another to vote at an election were dismissed as part of a plea agreement.[422]MiCourt Case Search, “36th District Court 2021-2106120901-FY State of Michigan v Clark,” micourt.courts.michigan.gov, accessed February 28, 2022 Clark was sentenced on 1/5/2022 to 12 months probation and 19 days of community service.[423]MiCourt Case Search, “36th District Court 2021-2106120901-FY State of Michigan v Clark,” micourt.courts.michigan.gov, accessed February 28, 2022
“A signature review of a returned absentee ballot to the Detroit City Clerk determined the signature did not match the registered voter’s signature in the QVF [Qualified Voter File]. That registered voter also voted at his polling location on Election day. Investigation by the Enforcement Division determined the grandmother of the registered voter, Carless Clark, 59, returned his absentee ballot by mail despite her grandson deciding to vote in person. … Clark admitted to signing her grandson’s absentee ballot because she was concerned he would not have time to vote on Election Day.”[424]Department of the Attorney General, “AG Nessel, SOS Benson Provide Update on New Election Fraud Cases,” michigan.gov, October 11, 2021

Case Notes:
State of Michigan v. Clark
Case Number: 2021-2106120901-FY
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown

Return to Summary Chart

MINNESOTA – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
95.Election Year: 2020
Name: Alexander Leonard Peck
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in Minnesota[425]According to the website of the Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State Steve Simon, “Minnesota does not have political party registration. Voters are not asked to publicly declare affiliation … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Alexander Leonard Peck was charged in August 2022 with two counts of unlawful voting and registering in more than one precinct.[426]Kim Hyatt, “Community Service Ordered for Minnetonka Man Who Voted Twice in 2020 Election,” startribune.com, September 18, 2022 In September 2022, Peck was “sanctioned to serve 24 hours of community service through the Hennepin County Attorney’s Office Pretrial Diversion Program” with “the case against him … suspended until September 2023 … until then Peck must remain law-abiding and meet all program requirements or else the prosecution will resume.”[427]Kim Hyatt, “Community Service Ordered for Minnetonka Man Who Voted Twice in 2020 Election,” startribune.com, September 18, 2022
“Felony voter fraud charges against a 30-year-old Minnetonka man for casting two ballots in the 2020 election have been suspended and he was instead sanctioned to a day of community service. … Alexander Leonard Peck faced two counts of unlawful voting and registering in more than one precinct, according to charges filed in Hennepin County District Court last month [8/2022]. Peck admitted that he knew he could only vote once in an election and apologized to the Edina police officer who investigated the report of voter fraud. It’s unclear who Peck voted for and why the case was suspended, as there is no documentation in district court to indicate his motive or omission.”[428]Kim Hyatt, “Community Service Ordered for Minnetonka Man Who Voted Twice in 2020 Election,” startribune.com, September 18, 2022

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
96.Election Year: 2018
Name: Abdihakim Amin Essa
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in Minnesota[429]According to the website of the Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State Steve Simon, “Minnesota does not have political party registration. Voters are not asked to publicly declare affiliation … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Abdihakim Amin Essa pleaded guilty on 4/1/2022 to four felony counts of intentionally making or signing a false certificate for absentee voting in relation to offences committed in July 2018; nine further felony counts were dismissed.[430]Minnesota Judicial Branch, Minnesota Court Records Online, “CASE DETAILS 27-CR-19-27002,” publicaccess.courts.state.mn.us, accessed on September 19, 2022 Essa was sentenced on the same day to 180 days imprisonment, stayed for two years, two years of supervised probations and 90 days in the county workhouse for each count, to run concurrently.[431]Minnesota Judicial Branch, Minnesota Court Records Online, “CASE DETAILS 27-CR-19-27002,” publicaccess.courts.state.mn.us, accessed on September 19, 2022 The conviction was deemed “a Gross Misdemeanor Pursuant to M.S. 609.13” according to court records.[432]Minnesota Judicial Branch, Minnesota Court Records Online, “CASE DETAILS 27-CR-19-27002,” publicaccess.courts.state.mn.us, accessed on September 19, 2022
“Abdihakim Amin Essa, 22, who’s a permanent resident but not a U.S. citizen, falsified 13 applications for absentee ballots and tried to cast one himself. … Election staff looked through about 9,000 absentee ballots and found 13 where Essa allegedly signed his own name or his father’s name as a witness. Essa’s father is a citizen and is registered to vote. The county notified the voters whose absentee ballots were rejected, and told them they’d need to vote again, but none did.”[433]Matt Sepic, “Minneapolis Man Charged with Falsifying 13 Absentee Ballots Ahead of 2018 Election,” mprnews.org, October 31, 2019

Case Notes:
State of Minnesota v. Abdihakim Amin Essa
Case Number: 27-CR-19-27002
Complaint and Sentencing Order
Type of Election:
Voter Registration / Absentee Ballots

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
97.Election Year: 2018
Name: Larry F. Reker
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in Minnesota[434]According to the website of the Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State Steve Simon, “Minnesota does not have political party registration. Voters are not asked to publicly declare … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Larry F. Reker pleaded guilty on 5/22/2018 to one felony count of unlawful voting in relation to offenses committed during a February 13, 2018 Independent School District 518 bond referendum.[435]Alyssa Sobotka, “Worthington Man Pleads Guilty to Voter Fraud,” dglobe.com, May 24, 2018 Reker was sentenced on the same day to two years of supervised probation and a $500 fine.[436]Alyssa Sobotka, “Worthington Man Pleads Guilty to Voter Fraud,” dglobe.com, May 24, 2018 If the supervised probation is successfully completed, Reker will not receive a criminal record.[437]Alyssa Sobotka, “Worthington Man Pleads Guilty to Voter Fraud,” dglobe.com, May 24, 2018
“Criminal charges were filed Friday accusing a Worthington man of committing voter fraud in the recent Independent School District 518 bond referendum election. Larry F. Reker, 65, has been charged with felony unlawful voting – voting more than once in the same election – after allegedly casting both an absentee ballot and physically voting at the polling place [Lakeside Chuch] during the district’s Feb. 13 [2018] special election. … Reker told law enforcement he cast an absentee ballot two to four weeks prior to the Feb. 13 election date. … Reker admitted going to Lakeside Church Feb. 13 with another individual. He provided his signature, but did not cast another vote, he claimed.”[438]Alyssa Sobotka, “Worthington Man Accused of Voting Twice in Recent District 518 Referendum,” dglobe.com, April 21, 2018

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
School District Referendum

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
98.Election Year: 2016
Name: Lisa Suzanne Anderson
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in Minnesota[439]According to the website of the Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State Steve Simon, “Minnesota does not have political party registration. Voters are not asked to publicly declare … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Lisa Suzanne Anderson pleaded guilty on 7/25/2017 to one misdemeanor count of knowingly voting while ineligible in relation to an offense committed during the 2016 general election cycle.[440]Minnesota Trial Court Public Access, “Register of Actions > Case Number 61-CR-17-51,” pa.courts.state.mn.us, accessed on April 12, 2022 and Gretchen Brown, “Three in West Central … Continue reading Anderson was sentenced on the same day to 248 days in Pope County Jail, 3 months and 12 days of supervised probation, and a $140 fine.[441]Minnesota Trial Court Public Access, “Register of Actions > Case Number 61-CR-17-51,” pa.courts.state.mn.us, accessed on April 12, 2022
“Three people in west central Minnesota have been charged with knowingly voting as an ineligible person in the 2016 general election. … [Lisa Suzanne] Anderson reportedly met with the Starbuck police chief Nov. 9, after the city clerk informed police that Anderson may have illegally voted. At that time, Anderson told the chief that she was not a felon, and had finished probation, according to the criminal complaint on her charge. But the chief checked her criminal history, and discovered she was on probation through the year 2020 for a fifth-degree drug possession charge.”[442]Gretchen Brown, “Three in West Central Minn. Charged With Voter Fraud,” wctrib.com, March 02, 2017

Case Notes:
State of Minnesota v. Lisa Suzanne Anderson
Case Number: 61-CR-17-51
Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
99.Election Year: 2016
Name: Alysse Miranda Fitzpatrick
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in Minnesota[443]According to the website of the Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State Steve Simon, “Minnesota does not have political party registration. Voters are not asked to publicly declare … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Alysse Miranda Fitzpatrick was convicted on 9/24/2018 to one felony count of knowingly voting while ineligible in relation to an offense committed on 11/8/2016.[444]Minnesota Trial Court Public Access, “Register of Actions > Case Number: 07-CR-17-4645,” pa.courts.state.mn.us, accessed on April 12, 2022 Fitzpatrick was sentenced on the same day to 150 days in Blue Earth County Jail, two years of supervised probation, and a $77 fine.[445]Minnesota Trial Court Public Access, “Register of Actions > Case Number: 07-CR-17-4645” pa.courts.state.mn.us, accessed on April 12, 2022 According to the terms of the sentencing, “successful completion of probation will result in a misdemeanor conviction.”[446]The State of Minnesota District Court, Blue Earth County Complaint and Sentencing – Case Number: 07-CR-17-4645
“[Alysse Miranda] Fitzpatrick was convicted in January 2014 of a felony Third Degree Controlled Substance crime… [and] was placed on probation in January 2014 with a projected probation completion date in 2019. As of May 1, 2017 Fitzpatrick’s civil rights have not been restored. … On November 8, 2016 Fitzpatrick swore or affirmed, by signature on a voter registration form, that she has the ‘right to vote because, if convicted of a felony, my felony sentence has expired (been completed) or I have been discharge from my sentence. … On August 14, 2017 Detective Billiar contacted Fitzpatrick. Fitzpatrick admitted that she registered and voted in the 2016 election and confirmed that she was on probation at the time.”[447]The State of Minnesota District Court, Blue Earth County Complaint and Sentencing – Case Number: 07-CR-17-4645

Case Notes:
State of Minnesota v. Alysse Miranda Fitzpatrick
Case Number: 07-CR-17-4645
Complaint, Sentencing and Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
100.Election Year: 2016
Name: Michelle Marie Landsteiner
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in Minnesota[448]According to the website of the Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State Steve Simon, “Minnesota does not have political party registration. Voters are not asked to publicly declare … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Michelle Marie Landsteiner pleaded guilty on 2/13/2017 to one felony count of unlawful voting – misrepresenting identity when applying for or depositing a ballot or attempting to vote, in relation to an offense committed on 7/27/2016.[449]Minnesota Trial Court Public Access, “Register of Actions > Case Number: 07-CR-16-4576,” pa.courts.state.mn.us, accessed on April 12, 2022 Landsteiner was sentenced on the same day to 90 days in Blue Earth County Jail, stayed for one year, plus one year of unsupervised probation, and a $577 fine.[450]The State of Minnesota District Court, Blue Earth County Complaint and Sentencing – Case Number: 07-CR-16-4576 Court records indicate that pursuant to the Minnesota Statutes 609.13, Landsteiner’s conviction is deemed a misdemeanor.[451]Minnesota Trial Court Public Access, “Register of Actions > Case Number: 07-CR-16-4576,” pa.courts.state.mn.us, accessed on April 12, 2022
“A Mapleton woman is facing a felony charge after she allegedly forged a primary election ballot that was mailed to a former occupant of her residence. Michelle Marie Landsteiner, 55, was charged Tuesday with unlawful voting. She admitted she filled out a ballot mailed to someone else in her household and forged that person’s signature, according to the criminal complaint. … A detective was suspicious because the handwriting was similar in both the voter’s signature and the witness signature, according to the complaint. Landsteiner was listed as the witness.”[452]Kristine Goodrich, “Woman Charged with Voter Fraud,” mankatofreepress.com, November 23, 2016

Case Notes:
State of Minnesota v. Michelle Marie Landsteiner
Case Number: 07-CR-16-4576
Complaint, Sentencing and Court Records
Type of Election:
Primary

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown, in the primary election / No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
101.Election Year: 2016
Name: Jeffrey John Spanier
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in Minnesota[453]According to the website of the Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State Steve Simon, “Minnesota does not have political party registration. Voters are not asked to publicly declare … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Jeffrey John Spanier pleaded guilty on 1/12/2018 to one felony count of registering an ineligible voter in relation to an offense committed on 11/8/2016; one further felony count of knowingly voting while ineligible was dismissed.[454]Minnesota Trial Court Public Access, “Register of Actions > Case Number: 73-CR-17-7732,” pa.courts.state.mn.us, accessed on April 12, 2022 Spanier was sentenced on the same day to four years of supervised probation and a $137 fine.[455]The State of Minnesota District Court, Stearns County Complaint and Sentencing – Case Number: 73-CR-17-7732 According to the terms of the sentencing, “successful completion of probation will result in a misdemeanor conviction.”[456]The State of Minnesota District Court, Stearns County Complaint and Sentencing – Case Number: 73-CR-17-7732
“A Sartell man pleaded guilty to a voting fraud charge on Friday, according to Stearns County Court records. Jeffrey Spanier, 53, pleaded guilty to a felony count of registering to vote as an ineligible voter in November 2016. … Spanier was charged after he registered to vote in Sartell in November 2016 and cast his ballot. As a convicted felon on probation, Spanier is ineligible to vote.”[457]Stephanie Dickrell, “Sartell Man Pleads Guilty to Voter Fraud Charge,” sctimes.com, January 14, 2018

Case Notes:
State of Minnesota v. Jeffrey John Spanier
Case Number: 73-CR-17-7732
Complaint, Sentencing and Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
102.Election Year: 2016
Name: Taylor Mitchel Spence
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in Minnesota[458]According to the website of the Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State Steve Simon, “Minnesota does not have political party registration. Voters are not asked to publicly declare … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Taylor Mitchel Spence pleaded guilty on 7/23/2018 to one felony count of knowingly voting while ineligible in relation to an offense committed on 11/8/2016.[459]Minnesota Trial Court Public Access, “Register of Actions > Case Number: 07-CR-17-4644,” pa.courts.state.mn.us, accessed on April 12, 2022 Spence was sentenced on 9/25/2018 to 125 days in the Blue Earth County Jail and a $77 fine.[460]The State of Minnesota District Court, Blue Earth County Complaint and Sentencing – Case Number: 07-CR-17-4644 Court records indicate that pursuant to the Minnesota Statutes 609.13, Spence’s conviction is deemed a gross misdemeanor.[461]Minnesota Trial Court Public Access, “Register of Actions > Case Number: 07-CR-17-4644,” pa.courts.state.mn.us, accessed on April 12, 2022
“[Taylor Mitchel] Spence registered to vote and voted in the 2016 general election while on supervised release and was therefore a convicted felon in violation of Minnesota registration laws. The Minnesota voter registration application contains the handwritten name of Spence received in the City of Mapleton. The form shows it was completed and signed on November 8, 2016, indicating the application was processed and Spence registered and voted in the election. … Spence admitted that he had voted in the 2016 general election.”[462]The State of Minnesota District Court, Blue Earth County Complaint and Sentencing – Case Number: 07-CR-17-4644

Case Notes:
State of Minnesota v. Taylor Mitchel Spence
Case Number: 07-CR-17-4644
Complaint, Sentencing and Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
103.Election Year: 2016
Name: Noah Summers
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in Minnesota[463]According to the website of the Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State Steve Simon, “Minnesota does not have political party registration. Voters are not asked to publicly declare … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Noah Summers pleaded guilty on 3/5/2018 to one felony count of registering an ineligible voter in relation to an offense committed on 9/27/2016.[464]Minnesota Trial Court Public Access, “Register of Actions > Case Number: 07-CR-17-4643,” pa.courts.state.mn.us, accessed on April 12, 2022 Summers was sentenced on the same day to one year of supervised probation and a $677 fine.[465]The State of Minnesota District Court, Blue Earth County Complaint and Sentencing – Case Number: 07-CR-17-4643 Court records indicate that pursuant to the Minnesota Statutes 609.13, Summers’ conviction is deemed a misdemeanor.[466]Minnesota Trial Court Public Access, “Register of Actions > Case Number: 07-CR-17-4643,” pa.courts.state.mn.us, accessed on April 12, 2022
“On May 1, 2017 Detective Jerry Billiar with the Blue Earth County Sheriff’s office was contacted by Witness 1, the director of taxpayer services for Blue Earth County, regarding a possible voter law violation by Noah Summers. Summers had registered to vote while ineligible. … Based on records, Summers was registered to vote in Blue Earth County’s jurisdiction while on supervised release in violation of election laws. On July 25, 2017 Detective Billiar spoke with Summers by telephone. Summers confirmed that he is still currently on probation but denied voting in the 2016 election. Summers stated he may have registered to vote online but could not recall.”[467]The State of Minnesota District Court, Blue Earth County Complaint and Sentencing – Case Number: 07-CR-17-4643

Case Notes:
State of Minnesota v. Noah Summers
Case Number: 07-CR-17-4643
Complaint, Sentencing and Court Records
Type of Election:
Voter Registration before the 2016 Presidential Election

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
104.Election Year: 2016
Name: Darrell Leonard Webb
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in Minnesota[468]According to the website of the Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State Steve Simon, “Minnesota does not have political party registration. Voters are not asked to publicly declare … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Darrell Leonard Webb pleaded guilty on 4/10/2017 to one felony count of knowingly voting while ineligible in relation to an offense committed during the 2016 general election cycle; one further felony charge of registering as an ineligible voter was dismissed.[469]Minnesota Trial Court Public Access, “Register of Actions > Case Number 34-CR-17-128,” pa.courts.state.mn.us, accessed on April 12, 2022 and Gretchen Brown, “Three in West … Continue reading Webb was sentenced on 5/22/2017 to 13 months in St Cloud correctional facility and a $215 fine.[470]Minnesota Trial Court Public Access, “Register of Actions > Case Number 34-CR-17-128,” pa.courts.state.mn.us, accessed on April 12, 2022
“Three people in west central Minnesota have been charged with knowingly voting as an ineligible person in the 2016 general election. … Police received a report Dec. 16 from the Kandiyohi County Auditor’s Office that [Darrell Leonard] Webb had voted in the Nov. 8 election. According to the criminal complaint filed with his charges, he spoke with a Willmar police officer, and told him that his last felony conviction was in 1989. Webb did not tell the officer about his most recent August 2016 felony conviction, according to the criminal complaint. He told police that he signed the voter registration without reading what it had said.”[471]Gretchen Brown, “Three in West Central Minn. Charged With Voter Fraud,” wctrib.com, March 02, 2017

Case Notes:
State of Minnesota v. Darrell Leonard Webb
Case Number: 34-CR-17-128
Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
105.Election Year: 2016
Name: Ashley Nicole Williams
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in Minnesota[472]According to the website of the Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State Steve Simon, “Minnesota does not have political party registration. Voters are not asked to publicly declare … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Ashley Nicole Williams pleaded guilty on 5/14/2018 to one felony count of knowingly voting while ineligible in relation to an offense committed on 11/8/2016.[473]Minnesota Trial Court Public Access, “Register of Actions > Case Number: 07-CR-17-4642,” pa.courts.state.mn.us, accessed on April 12, 2022 Williams was sentenced on the same day to 91 days in Blue Earth County Jail, stayed for one year, plus one year of supervised probation, and a $77 fine.[474]The State of Minnesota District Court, Blue Earth County Complaint and Sentencing – Case Number: 07-CR-17-4642 Court records indicate that pursuant to the Minnesota Statutes 609.13, Williams’ conviction is deemed a gross misdemeanor.[475]Minnesota Trial Court Public Access, “Register of Actions > Case Number: 07-CR-17-4642,” pa.courts.state.mn.us, accessed on April 12, 2022
“On Monday, May 1, 2017, Detective Jerry Billiar of the Blue Earth County Sheriff’s Office received information from Witness 1, the Director of Taxpayer Services for Blue Earth County, regarding a voter law violation by Ashley Nicole Williams. Witness 1 indicated that Williams voted in the 2016 General Election and that her civil rights had not been restored after a felony conviction. … On August 1, 2017 Detective Billiar spoke with Williams by telephone. Williams admitted to registering and voting in the 2016 election.”[476]The State of Minnesota District Court, Blue Earth County Complaint and Sentencing – Case Number: 07-CR-17-4642

Case Notes:
State of Minnesota v. Ashley Nicole Williams
Case Number: 07-CR-17-4642
Complaint, Sentencing and Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown

Return to Summary Chart

MISSISSIPPI – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
106.Election Year: 2017
Name: Andrew Grant
Party Affiliation: Democrat[477]Secretary of State of Mississippi, “Official Recapitulation – Votes Cast in the Municipality of Canton, Mississippi on the 6th Day of June, 2017,” sos.ms.gov, June 14, 2017

Offense and Sentencing:
Andrew Grant pleaded guilty on 8/5/2019 to “conspiracy to commit voter fraud” in relation to offenses committed in the 2017 Canton, Mississippi, municipal elections.[478]Erin Pickens, “Canton Alderman Pleads Guilty to Voter Fraud, Immediately Resigns,” wapt.com, August 5, 2019 Grant was sentenced on the same day to five years in prison, suspended for five years, plus five years of probation.[479]Erin Pickens, “Canton Alderman Pleads Guilty to Voter Fraud, Immediately Resigns,” wapt.com, August 5, 2019 and Waverly McCarthy, “Alderman Andrew Grant Pleads Guilty, Sentenced in … Continue reading
“A Canton alderman is now facing several charges following the ongoing investigation into voter fraud in the city. Ward 7 Councilman Andrew Grant is facing four counts of voter fraud and two counts of conspiracy to commit voter fraud. He was indicted last month by a grand jury. The indictment states that Grant paid at least one person to vote for him in the 2017 elections.”[480]WLBT, “Canton Alderman Facing Charges in Ongoing Voter Fraud Investigation,” wlbt.com, February 4, 2019

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Municipal

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
107.Election Year: 2017
Name: Courtney L. Rainey
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in Mississippi[481]Voters in Mississippi are not asked their party affiliation on their voter registration forms.

Offense and Sentencing:
Courtney L. Rainey was found guilty by a jury on 7/31/2019 of one count of voter intimidation in relation to offenses committed in the 2017 Canton, Mississippi, municipal elections; the jury was hung on one other count of voter fraud.[482]Maggie Wade, “Guilty Verdict for Courtney Rainey in Canton Voter Fraud Case,” wlbt.com, July 31, 2019 Rainey was sentenced on 9/24/2019 to 15 years in prison, with three years suspended in prison, plus five years of supervised probation on release.[483]Waverly McCarthy and Maggie Wade, “Courtney Rainey Sentenced to 15 Years in Prison,” wlbt.com, September 24, 2019 On 03/16/2021, the Court of Appeals of the State of Mississippi reversed the conviction and rendered a judgment of acquittal. However on 03/10/2022, Supreme Court of Mississippi reversed that decision and reinstated and affirmed the original judgement by the Madison County Circuit Court.
“[Courtney L.] Rainey, a former city of Canton employee, was convicted of witness intimidation in 2019. … At the heart of the matter was Rainey’s interaction with Emma Ousley. According to court records, Rainey helped Ousley register to vote and then gave her a ride to the polls during the 2017 municipal elections. She then gave Ousley $10 for lunch. In 2018, the Madison County District Attorney’s Office launched an investigation into potential voter fraud in Canton. Ousley testified at trial that Rainey ‘did not intimidate her but that Rainey asked her what she said to investigators.’ … She also told the court that Rainey had visited her apartment and her job after Ousley had met with investigators.”[484]Anthony Warren, “State Supreme Court Reverses Appeals Court Decision in Courtney Rainey Witness Intimidation Case,” wlbt.com, March 10, 2022

Case Notes:
Courtney L. Rainey v. State of Mississippi
Madison County Circuit Court
Court of Appeals of the State of Mississippi: 2019-KA-01651-COA – Opinion
Supreme Court of Mississippi: 2019-CT-01651-SCT – Opinion
Type of Election:
Municipal

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
108.Election Year: 2017
Name: Donnell Robinson
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in Mississippi[485]Voters in Mississippi are not asked their party affiliation on their voter registration forms.

Offense and Sentencing:
Donnell Robinson pleaded guilty on 6/24/2019 “one count of misdemeanor voter fraud” in relation to offenses committed in the 2017 Canton, Mississippi, municipal elections.[486]Maggie Wade, “Two Plead Guilty in Canton Voter Fraud Case,” wlbt.com, June 24, 2019 Robinson was sentenced on the same day to a one year suspended sentence, six months of probation, and a $250 fine.[487]Maggie Wade, “Two Plead Guilty in Canton Voter Fraud Case,” wlbt.com, June 24, 2019
“Donnell Robinson, a 52-year-old mentioned in the [Courtney L.] Rainey indictments, was himself indicted on two counts of voter fraud and two counts of voting by an unqualified person. He is accused of twice casting an absentee ballot in 2017 even though he was disqualified because of a 1995 conviction for receiving stolen property.”[488]Jeff Amy, “6 Accused of Election Misconduct in Central Mississippi,” apnews.com, December 6, 2018

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Municipal

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
109.Election Year: 2017
Name: Jennifer Robinson
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in Mississippi[489]Voters in Mississippi are not asked their party affiliation on their voter registration forms.

Offense and Sentencing:
Jennifer Robinson was “indicted on one count of voter fraud and one count of voting by an unqualified person for voting in the Ward 7 [2017] election even though she no longer lived there.”[490]Jeff Amy, “6 Accused of Election Misconduct in Central Mississippi,” apnews.com, December 6, 2018 In May 2019, Robinson was instructed to enter a Pre-Trial Diversion Program.[491]Maggie Wade, “Two Charged in Canton Voter Fraud Case Enter Pre-trial Diversion Program,” wlbt.com, May 21, 2019 She will have one year to complete the program and avoid a felony conviction.[492]Maggie Wade, “Two Charged in Canton Voter Fraud Case Enter Pre-trial Diversion Program,” wlbt.com, May 21, 2019
“Jennifer Robinson, of Canton, falsely registered for an absentee ballot and then voted in 2017 municipal elections. She was charged with multiple counts of voter fraud and voting by an unqualified person for voting in a precinct in which she no longer resided. As part of a plea deal, she was admitted to a pre-trial diversion program.”[493]Heritage Foundation, “Election Fraud Cases,” heritage.org, accessed on April 13, 2022

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Municipal

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
110.Election Year: 2017
Name: Valerie Smith
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in Mississippi[494]Voters in Mississippi are not asked their party affiliation on their voter registration forms.

Offense and Sentencing:
Valerie Smith pleaded guilty on 6/24/2019 “violation of voter registration statutes” in relation to offenses committed in the 2017 Canton, Mississippi, municipal elections.[495]Maggie Wade, “Two Plead Guilty in Canton Voter Fraud Case,” wlbt.com, June 24, 2019 Smith was sentenced on the same day one year of probation, a fine, and an investigative fee.[496]Maggie Wade, “Two Plead Guilty in Canton Voter Fraud Case,” wlbt.com, June 24, 2019
“Another former official has been charged with voter fraud in an unfolding investigation in a Mississippi town. Three indictments issued in January against retired Canton City Clerk Valerie Smith were unsealed this week. She’s charged with 15 separate felony counts of falsely claiming a voter had sworn a registration application before her when they did not. … Smith is the eighth person charged since December with misconduct in Canton’s 2017 elections.”[497]Associated Press, “More Charges in Voter Fraud Inquiry in Mississippi Town,” washingtontimes.com, February 7, 2019

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Municipal

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
111.Election Year: 2017
Name: Cary Johnson
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in Mississippi[498]Voters in Mississippi are not asked their party affiliation on their voter registration forms.

Offense and Sentencing:
Cary Johnson was indicted in December 2018 on three counts of voter fraud in relation to offenses committed during the Canton, Mississippi, 2017 municipal elections.[499]Justin Vicory and Jimmie E. Gates, “Court Records Say Former Canton Fire Chief Promised Beer for a Vote,” clarionledger.com, December 7, 2018 In May 2019, Johnson was instructed to enter a Pre-Trial Diversion Program.[500]Maggie Wade, “Two Charged in Canton Voter Fraud Case Enter Pre-trial Diversion Program,” wlbt.com, May 21, 2019 He will have one year to complete the program and avoid a felony conviction.[501]Maggie Wade, “Two Charged in Canton Voter Fraud Case Enter Pre-trial Diversion Program,” wlbt.com, May 21, 2019
“Cary Johnson … will have one year to complete a pretrial intervention program, which is available to people charged in nonviolent crimes. … Johnson is a former Canton police chief. An indictment accuses him of trying to influence a voter by promising beer, and of offering money to two others to sway their votes.”[502]Associated Press, “2 Could Avoid Felony Conviction in Canton Voter Fraud Case,” apnews.com, May 22, 2019

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Municipal

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections

Return to Summary Chart

MISSOURI – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
112.Election Year: 2016
Name: Kevin Kunlay Williams, also known as Kunlay Sodipo
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in Missouri[503]According to the website of the County Clerk / Election Authority of Jefferson County, Missouri, “Missouri law does not require an individual to register by political party. Many states do have … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Kevin Kunlay Williams pleaded guilty on 7/14/2017 to “mail fraud, aggravated identity theft, voter fraud and illegally re-entering the United States after having been removed” in relation to offenses committed between 1999 and 2016.[504]United States Department of Justice, “Nigerian Citizen Pleads Guilty In Missouri to $12 Million Tax Refund Fraud, Voter Fraud and Illegal Reentry,” justice.gov, July 14, 2017 Williams was sentenced in October 2017 to 78 months in prison, a fine of $889,712 in restitution to the Internal Revenue Service, plus forfeiture of money orders totaling $10,810; Williams also faces deportation.[505]United States Department of Justice, “Nigerian Citizen Sentenced to 6 ½ Years in Prison for $12 Million Tax Refund Fraud, Voter Fraud, and Illegal Reentry,” justice.gov, October 20, 2017 On 8/15/2018, the US Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit denied Williams’ appeal against the length of his sentence and affirmed the court’s ruling. On 1/19/2021, the US District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri denied Williams’ motion to “reopen his motion to vacate, set aside or correct his sentence.”
“A Nigerian citizen, who resided in St. Louis, Missouri, pleaded guilty today to mail fraud, aggravated identity theft, voter fraud and illegally re-entering the United States after having been removed,… [Kevin Kunlay] Williams previously entered the United States from Nigeria under the name Kunlay Sodipo, but was deported in 1995. In 1999, Williams illegally returned to the United States from Nigeria using the last name Williams. In 2012, Williams registered to vote in federal, state and local elections by falsely claiming that he was a U.S. citizen and voted in the 2012 and 2016 presidential elections.”[506]United States Department of Justice, “Nigerian Citizen Pleads Guilty In Missouri to $12 Million Tax Refund Fraud, Voter Fraud and Illegal Reentry,” justice.gov, July 14, 2017

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Kevin Kunlay Williams a/k/a Kunlay Sodipo
US District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri – Case Number: 4:17 CR 00065-RWS/SPM – Indictment and Superseding Indictment
US Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit – Docket Number: 17-3356 – Opinion
US District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri – Docket Number: 4:18 CV 1480-RWS – Appeal Memorandum & Order
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown

Return to Summary Chart

NEBRASKA – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
113.Election Year: 2016
Name: Ali A. Abdullahi
Party Affiliation: Democrat[507]Nebraska Voter Information Lookup. “Ali A Abdullahi,” votercheck.necvr.ne.gov, accessed on April 14, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Ali A. Abdullahi pleaded no contest on 4/21/2017 to one misdemeanor count of attempting to vote more than once in the same election in relation to an offense committed on or around 11/8/2016.[508]District Court of Dawson County, Nebraska – Case Number CR17-9 – Amended Information and District Court of Dawson County, Nebraska – Case Number CR17-9 – Journal Entry, Plea, … Continue reading Abdullahi was sentenced on the same day to a $100 fine.[509]District Court of Dawson County, Nebraska – Case Number CR17-9 – Journal Entry, Plea, Judgement of Conviction, and Order for Hearing
“Two Dawson county men have each been ordered to pay a $100 fine after voting twice in the 2016 general election.”[510]KHGI, “Dawson Co. Men Ordered to Pay Fine in Voter Fraud Case,” nebraska.tv, May 18, 2017 “Ali Abdullahi and Shueb Ali, mailed in early ballots and later showed up to cast a vote on election day, according to court records. Both men were cited and fined $100 by Judge James Doyle IV.”[511]Chris Dunker, “No Nebraska Voter Data Was Shared With Commission Before Pause Amid Lawsuits,” journalstar.com, September 29, 2018

Case Notes:
State of Nebraska v. Ali A. Abdullahi
Case Number: CR17-9
Amended Information and Plea, Conviction, and Sentencing
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Democratic vote
114.Election Year: 2016
Name: Shueb A. Ali
Party Affiliation: No Voter Record Found[512]Nebraska Voter Information Lookup. “Registration Information,” votercheck.necvr.ne.gov, accessed on April 14, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Shueb A. Ali pleaded no contest on 4/21/2017 to one misdemeanor count of attempting to vote more than once in the same election in relation to an offense committed on or around 11/8/2016.[513]District Court of Dawson County, Nebraska – Case Number CR17-10 – Amended Information and District Court of Dawson County, Nebraska – Case Number CR17-10 – Journal Entry, … Continue reading Ali was sentenced on the same day to a $100 fine.[514]District Court of Dawson County, Nebraska – Case Number CR17-10 – Journal Entry, Plea, Judgement of Conviction, and Order for Hearing
“Two Dawson county men have each been ordered to pay a $100 fine after voting twice in the 2016 general election.”[515]KHGI, “Dawson Co. Men Ordered to Pay Fine in Voter Fraud Case,” nebraska.tv, May 18, 2017 “Ali Abdullahi and Shueb Ali, mailed in early ballots and later showed up to cast a vote on election day, according to court records. Both men were cited and fined $100 by Judge James Doyle IV.”[516]Chris Dunker, “No Nebraska Voter Data Was Shared With Commission Before Pause Amid Lawsuits,” journalstar.com, September 29, 2018

Case Notes:
State of Nebraska v. Shueb A. Ali
Case Number: CR17-10
Amended Information and Plea, Conviction, and Sentencing
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown

Return to Summary Chart

NEVADA – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
115.Election Year: 2020
Name: Donald Kirk Hartle
Party Affiliation: Republican[517]Eduardo Medina, “Nevada Man Is Charged With Voting Using His Dead Wife’s Ballot,” nytimes.com October 23, 2021

Offense and Sentencing:
Donald Kirk Hartle pleaded guilty on 11/16/2021 to one felony count of voting more than once in the same election[518]Eighth Judicial District Court Portal, Clark County, Nevada – Case Number C-21-360352-1 – Court Records in relation to an offense committed on or between October 26, 2020 and October 30, 2020.[519]Justice Court, Las Vegas Township, Clark County, State of Nevada – Case Number 21-CR-046327 – Criminal Complaint Hartle was sentenced on the same day to one year of informal probation and a $2,000 fine.[520]Nevada Attorney General, Aaron D. Ford, “Attorney General Ford Announces Guilty Plea of Las Vegas Man Charged with Voter Fraud,” ag.nv.gov, November 16, 2021 Under terms of his plea agreement, if he stays out of trouble for one year, his felony charge will be reviewed and reduced to a gross misdemeanor charge.[521]Nevada Attorney General, Aaron D. Ford, “Attorney General Ford Announces Guilty Plea of Las Vegas Man Charged with Voter Fraud,” ag.nv.gov, November 16, 2021
“A judge on Tuesday [11/16/2021] sentenced a Las Vegas man to probation on a charge he voted twice in the 2020 election by mailing in his deceased wife’s ballot. … In court Tuesday, [Donald Kirk] Hartle pleaded guilty to one charge of voting more than once in the same election. … Rosemarie Hartle, of Las Vegas, died in 2017 at age 52 from breast cancer, Kirk Hartle, told the I-Team last November. A ballot for Rosemarie was issued in October 2020 and later received by the county… ‘I would like to say that I accept full responsibility for my actions and regret them, and I’m thankful for your consideration,’ Kirk Hartle told the judge.”[522]David Charns, “Donald ‘Kirk’ Hartle Accepts Plea Avoiding Jail Time,” 8newsnow.com, November 16, 2021

Case Notes:
The State of Nevada v. Donald Kirk Hartle
Justice Court – Case Number: 21-CR-046327 – Criminal Complaint
8th Judicial District Court – Case Number: C-21-360352-1 – Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
116.Election Year: 2016
Name: Patrick James Duffy, also known as James Patrick Duffy
Party Affiliation: No voter registration found[523]According to the website of the Secretary of State of Nevada, “on your voter registration application, you will be asked to indicate your party affiliation. You also have the option to be … Continue reading however the offense was committed in favor of the Green Party.[524]Michelle Rindels, “Man Accused of Falsifying Green Party Petition in 2016 Pleads Guilty to Reduced Charge,” thenevadaindependent.com, June 22, 2018

Offense and Sentencing:
Patrick James Duffy pleaded guilty on 6/20/2018 to one felony count of misconduct in signing, filing, or altering a petition[525]Eighth Judicial District Court Portal, Clark County, Nevada – Case Number C-18-330565-1 – Court Records in relation to an offense committed on or between May 26, 2016 and June 1, 2016;[526]Justice Court, Clark County, Nevada – Case Number C-18-330565-1 – Amended Indictment 12 further felony counts were not addressed.[527]Eighth Judicial District Court Portal, Clark County, Nevada – Case Number C-18-330565-1 – Court Records Duffy was sentenced on 10/17/2018 to a 12 to 30 month jail sentence, suspended for a indeterminate amount of time not to exceed three years, and placed on probation, plus $178 in fees.[528]Eighth Judicial District Court Portal, Clark County, Nevada – Case Number C-18-330565-1 – Court Records
“A Las Vegas man accused of falsifying signatures on a petition aimed at getting the Green Party on the Nevada ballot in the 2016 general election has pleaded guilty to a reduced charge. … 48-year-old Patrick Duffy had pleaded guilty on Wednesday [6/20/2018] to one count of misconduct in signing, filing or altering a petition. … Duffy was originally indicted by a grand jury on 13 felony charges, including misconduct in signing, filing or altering a petition and perjury. He’s accused of submitting the fraudulent signatures after swearing under penalty of perjury that they were legitimate. The Green Party, including its presidential candidate Jill Stein, didn’t qualify for the ballot.”[529]Michelle Rindels, “Man Accused of Falsifying Green Party Petition in 2016 Pleads Guilty to Reduced Charge,” thenevadaindependent.com, June 22, 2018

Case Notes:
The State of Nevada v. Patrick James Duffy aka James Patrick Duffy
Case Number: C-18-330565-1
Indictment, Plea, Amended Indictment, Court Records and Transcript
Type of Election:
Ballot Petition

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
117.Election Year: 2016
Name: Craig Frank
Party Affiliation: Republican[530]Phillip Moyer, “Las Vegas Man Pleads Guilty to Voting Twice in 2016 Election,” news3lv.com, February 17th 2021

Offense and Sentencing:
Craig Frank pleaded guilty on 1/25/2021 to one felony count of voting twice in the same election in relation to an offense committed on 10/28/2016.[531]Eighth Judicial District Court Portal, Clark County, Nevada – Case Number C-19-342550-1 – Court Records Frank was sentenced on 7/19/2021 to a 12 to 30 month jail sentence, suspended for a indeterminate amount of time not to exceed 24 months, and placed on probation, plus $178 in fees.[532]Eighth Judicial District Court Portal, Clark County, Nevada – Case Number C-19-342550-1 – Court Records
“COUNT 1: VOTING MORE THAN ONCE AT SAME ELECTION
Category ‘D’ Felony – NRS 293.780(1)
Defendant, CRAIG FRANK, in the County of Clark, State of Nevada, did knowingly and feloniously vote in the 2016 general election in Las Vegas, Nevada, having previously voted in the 2016 general election in Benton, Arkansas.”[533]District Court, Clark County, Nevada – Case Number: C-19-342550-1 – Amended Indictment

Case Notes:
The State of Nevada v. Craig Frank
Case Number: C-19-342550-1
Amended Indictment and Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
118.Election Year: 2016
Name: Renaldo Johnson
Party Affiliation: Republican[534]VoterRecords.com, “Renaldo Johnson’s Nevada Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on May 19, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Renaldo Johnson pleaded guilty on 4/11/2017 to one felony count of misconduct in signing, filing, or altering a petition[535]Eighth Judicial District Court Portal, Clark County, Nevada – Case Number C-16-320056-1 – Court Records in relation to an offense committed on or between 5/29/2016 and 6/1/2016;[536]District Court, Clark County, Nevada – Case Number C-16-320056-1 – Amended Indictment 14 further felony counts were dismissed.[537]Eighth Judicial District Court Portal, Clark County, Nevada – Case Number C-16-320056-1 – Court Records Johnson was sentenced on 8/14/2018 to a 12 to 34 month jail sentence, suspended for a indeterminate amount of time not to exceed three years, and placed on probation, plus $278 in fees.[538]Eighth Judicial District Court Portal, Clark County, Nevada – Case Number C-16-320056-1 – Court Records
“Nevada Attorney General Adam Paul Laxalt and Secretary of State Barbara Cegavske announced that Renaldo Johnson, 56, of Las Vegas, was sentenced for his role in a fraudulent voter petition scheme. Johnson had previously pleaded guilty to one count of Misconduct in Signing, Filing or Altering Petition, a category “D” felony. Johnson falsified the signatures of individuals on petitions to qualify the Nevada Green Party for general election ballot access in 2016, and then submitted those falsified petitions to be filed. While submitting those petitions, Johnson swore under penalty of perjury that the signatures were legitimate.”[539]Nevada Attorney General Aaron D. Ford, “Attorney General Laxalt and Secretary of State Cegavske Announce Sentencing of Las Vegas Man for Fraudulent Voter Petition Scheme,” ag.nv.gov, … Continue reading

Case Notes:
The State of Nevada v. Renaldo Johnson
Case Number: C-16-320056-1
Indictment, Plea, Amended Indictment, and Court Records
Type of Election:
Ballot Petition

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
119.Election Year: 2016
Name: Tina Marie Parks
Party Affiliation: Republican[540]VoterRecords.com, “Tina Marie Parks’s Nevada Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on April 18, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Tina Marie Parks pleaded guilty on 12/2/2016 to one felony count of perjury[541]Fifth Judicial District Court, Nye County, Nevada – Case Number CR8569 – Court Summary in relation to offenses committed between April and June 2016;[542]District Court, Nye County, Nevada – Case Number CR8569 – Charges one felony count of committing illegal acts while registering voters was dismissed.[543]Fifth Judicial District Court, Nye County, Nevada – Case Number CR8569 – Court Summary and District Court, Nye County, Nevada – Case Number CR8569 – Charges Parks was sentenced on 5/19/2017 to a 19 to 48 month jail sentence plus $28 in fees.[544]Fifth Judicial District Court, Nye County, Nevada – Case Number CR8569 – Court Summary
“A Pahrump woman who helped register people to vote outside of a Wal-Mart and grocery stores has been arrested on suspicion of falsifying registration forms… Tina Marie Parks, 45… was registering voters as part of Engage Nevada, a conservative voter registration group, when she marked ‘Republican’ or ‘nonpartisan’ on forms of people who said they were Democrats or didn’t specify their party affiliation. Investigators said it happened to at least three people, including at least one person who was unable to vote in the June 14 primary as a result.”[545]Michelle Rindels, “Pahrump Woman Arrested, Accused of Voter Registration Fraud,” lasvegassun.com, July 13, 2016

Case Notes:
The State of Nevada v. Tina Marie Parks
Case Number: CR8569
Charges and Court Summary
Type of Election:
Voter Registration before a Primary

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
+/- 1 fewer vote(s) in the primary / No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
120.Election Year: 2016
Name: Stephen Gregory Zority
Party Affiliation: Republican[546]VoterRecords.com, “Stephen Gregory Zority’s Nevada Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on June 1, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Stephen Gregory Zority pleaded guilty on 8/25/2021 to five gross misdemeanor counts of conspiracy to provide compensation for registration of voters, in relation to offenses committed between April and July 2016; two felony charges were not addressed as part of a plea agreement.[547]Eighth Judicial District Court Portal, Clark County Nevada, “Case Information: C-17-323438-1 | State of Nevada vs Stephen Zority,” clarkcountycourts.us, accessed on June 1, 2022 Zority was sentenced on 9/7/2021 to one day in the Clark County Detention Center for each offense, with five days credit for time served, plus $10,028 in fees.[548]Eighth Judicial District Court Portal, Clark County Nevada, “Case Information: C-17-323438-1 | State of Nevada vs Stephen Zority,” clarkcountycourts.us, accessed on June 1, 2022
“A 29-year-old Las Vegas man pleaded not guilty to illegally paying a woman to improperly register Republican voters in a rural Nevada town ahead of the GOP primary election last year [2016]. … [Stephen Gregory] Zority is accused of providing gift cards and cash to Tina Marie Parks, who pleaded guilty in December to one low-level felony voter registration offense.”[549]Elko Daily, “Regional News in Brief: Man Pleads Not Guilty to Paying for Sign-ups,” elkodaily.com, May 25, 2017

Case Notes:
State of Nevada vs Stephen Gregory Zority
Case Number: C-17-323438-1
Indictment and Court Records
Type of Election:
Voter Registration before a Primary

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections

Return to Summary Chart

NEW HAMPSHIRE – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
121.Election Year: 2020
Name: Ole Oisin
Party Affiliation: Not Found[550]According to the website of the New Hampshire Department of State, voters in New Hampshire can register with the Republican or Democratic parties or as an undeclared voter – Source: New … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Ole Oisin pleaded guilty on 6/1/2021 to two misdemeanor counts of wrongful voting[551]New Hampshire Department of Justice, “Ole Oisin Pled Guilty to Wrongful Voting ,” doj.nh.gov, June 1, 2021 in relation to offenses committed on 2/11/2020.[552]The State of New Hampshire – Complaint For the first count, Oisin was sentenced on the same day to 90 days imprisonment, suspended for two years, plus $2,000 in fines – half of which is suspended for two years.[553]New Hampshire Department of Justice, “Ole Oisin Pled Guilty to Wrongful Voting ,” doj.nh.gov, June 1, 2021 For the second count, Oisin was sentenced to 90 days imprisonment, suspended for two years, to run concurrently with the sentence for count one.[554]New Hampshire Department of Justice, “Ole Oisin Pled Guilty to Wrongful Voting,” doj.nh.gov, June 1, 2021 Oisin also loses the right to vote in the state of New Hampshire.[555]Dean Shalhoup, “Hopkinton Man Pleads Guilty to Wrongful Voting, Loses Right to Vote Again in State,” concordmonitor.com, June 2, 2021
“Although he was born in Ireland, according to officials, a 47-year-old man named Ole Oisin wrote in a voter registration form last November that his place of birth was ‘Senegal, Nation of Islam,’ and listed two dates of birth – one of which makes him 37 years old, and the other, just 20 years old. Why Oisin, currently a resident of Hopkinton, included the false information when filling out the voter registration form isn’t clear, but what is known is that he entered guilty pleas Tuesday in Concord district court to the two counts of wrongful voting, with which he was charged about two weeks after the 2020 election.”[556]Dean Shalhoup, “Hopkinton Man Pleads Guilty to Wrongful Voting, Loses Right to Vote Again in State,” concordmonitor.com, June 2, 2021

Case Notes:
Case heard at the 6th Circuit – District Division – Concord, NH
Case Number: Not Found
Complaint
Type of Election:
Voter Registration before the 2020 Presidential Primary

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
122.Election Year: 2018
Name: Robert A. Bell
Party Affiliation: Registered as an Republican Voter in NH and in FL[557]The Town of Atkinson, NH – Official Checklist and VoterRecords.com, “Robert Alan Bell Florida Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on April 19, 2022[558]According to the website of the New Hampshire Department of State, voters in New Hampshire can register with the Republican or Democratic parties or as an undeclared voter – Source: New … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Robert A. Bell pleaded guilty on 11/7/2019 to one felony count of voting in more than one state, in relation to an offense committed on 11/6/2018.[559]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – Indictment Bell was sentenced on the same day to 90 days in the house of corrections, suspended for two years, 50 hours of community service to be completed within 90 days, and a $1,000 fine plus a $240 penalty assessment fee.[560]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – House of Corrections Sentence On 4/21/20, due to health complaints, the community service portion of Bell’s sentence was vacated.[561]State of New Hampshire, Superior Court – Assented to Motion to Modify Sentence
“Robert A. Bell of Atkinson was arrested on a single count of voting in more than one state prohibited, a felony, yesterday [4/20/2019], at the Atkinson Police Department. Bell, according to the NH DOJ, cast votes in both Atkinson and Palm Coast, FL, during the 2018 general election. … Bell, a Republican, was interviewed by Project Veritas,… outside of his Atkinson home. During that interview, Bell was recorded admitting to voting twice. Bell’s ex-wife was also interviewed in Florida where she stated that he no longer lived at the address and shouldn’t be voting in the Sunshine State.”[562]Tony Schinella, “Video Admission of Double Voting Leads to Charge Against NH Man,” patch.com, April 21, 2019

Case Notes:
State v. Robert A. Bell
Case Number: 218-2019-CR-00455
Indictment, Sentencing, and Evidence
Type of Election:
Midterm

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
123.Election Year: 2018
Name: Edward Amirault
Party Affiliation: Not Found[563]According to the website of the New Hampshire Department of State, voters in New Hampshire can register with the Republican or Democratic parties or as an undeclared voter – Source: New … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Edward Amirault pleaded guilty on 4/6/2022 to one felony count of voting in more than one state in relation to offenses committed during the 2018 general election.[564]New Hampshire Department of Justice, Office of the Attorney General, “Edward Amirault, Sr. Pled Guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited,” doj.nh.gov, April 7, 2022 Amirault was sentenced to 180 days imprisonment, suspended for two years, plus a $4,000 fine and $960 assessment fee.[565]New Hampshire Department of Justice, Office of the Attorney General, “Edward Amirault, Sr. Pled Guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited,” doj.nh.gov, April 7, 2022 As a result of his conviction, Amirault also loses the right to vote in New Hampshire.[566]New Hampshire Department of Justice, Office of the Attorney General, “Edward Amirault, Sr. Pled Guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited,” doj.nh.gov, April 7, 2022
“Edward Amirault, age 79, of Sanbornton, New Hampshire, and Weymouth, Massachusetts, pled guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited – a Class B Felony – in Belknap County Superior Court on Wednesday, April 6, 2022. Mr. Amirault knowingly cast a New Hampshire absentee ballot in Sanbornton in the November 6, 2018, general election, and also cast a ballot in Weymouth, Massachusetts in the same election.”[567]New Hampshire Department of Justice, Office of the Attorney General, “Edward Amirault, Sr. Pled Guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited,” doj.nh.gov, April 7, 2022

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Midterm

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
124.Election Year: 2018
Name: Douglas C. Smith
Party Affiliation: Republican[568]The Town of Grafton, NH – Official Checklist[569]According to the website of the New Hampshire Department of State, voters in New Hampshire can register with the Republican or Democratic parties or as an undeclared voter – Source: New … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Douglas C. Smith pleaded guilty on 12/2/2020 to two misdemeanor counts of voter fraud and one felony count of voter fraud, in relation to an offense committed on 3/13/2018.[570]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – Complaint For the first misdemeanor charge, Smith was sentenced on the same day to 12 months in the house of corrections, six months of which is suspended for three years, and a $2,000 fine plus a $480 penalty assessment fee, suspended for three years.[571]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – House of Corrections Sentence For the second misdemeanor charge, Smith was sentenced to 12 months in the house of corrections, six months of which is suspended for three years, to run concurrently with the first misdemeanor charge.[572]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – House of Corrections Sentence For the felony charge, Smith was sentenced to between two and four years in a state prison, suspended for three years.[573]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – State Prison Sentence Smith also loses the right to vote in the state of New Hampshire.[574]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – State Prison Sentence
“A New Hampshire man who was on the run for months before being arrested in June has pleaded guilty to multiple charges, including sexual assault, reckless conduct with a deadly weapon and voter fraud, authorities said Wednesday [12/2/2020]. Arrest warrants were issued for 31-year-old Douglas Carl Smith, of Warner, in January and he was arrested in June by U.S. Marshals in Vermont. … Smith, who pleaded guilty to voting in both Grafton and Danbury in the March 2018 town elections, was sentenced to five to 10 years in prison for the aggravated felonious sexual assault charge, with sentences for the other crimes running concurrently or suspended.”[575]Associated Press, “Warner Man Sentenced for Sexual Assault, Voter Fraud, Officials Say,” wmur.com, December 3, 2020

Case Notes:
State v. Douglas C. Smith
Case Number: 217-2019-CR-00234
Complaint, Indictment, Sentencing, and Evidence
Type of Election:
Town

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
125.Election Year: 2016
Name: Charles E. Cartier, Jr
Party Affiliation: Registered as an Undeclared Voter in NH, no party listed in MA[576]Town Clerk/Tax Collector, Madison, NH in a 3/22/2021 response to email request for Party Affiliation[577]According to the website of the New Hampshire Department of State, voters in New Hampshire can register with the Republican or Democratic parties or as an undeclared voter – Source: New … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Charles E. Cartier, Jr pleaded guilty on 1/3/2020 to one felony charge of voting in more than one state, in relation to an offense committed on 11/8/2016.[578]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – Indictment Cartier was sentenced on the same day to 60 days in the house of corrections, suspended for one year, and a $1,000 fine plus a $240 penalty assessment fee; he also loses the right to vote in the state of New Hampshire.[579]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – House of Corrections Sentence
“Charles Eugene Cartier, Jr., age 81, of Madison, New Hampshire and Attleboro, Massachusetts, pled guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited – a Class B Felony – in Carroll County Superior Court on Friday, January 3, 2020. Mr. Cartier knowingly checked in at the checklist in Madison and cast a New Hampshire ballot, after having already cast a ballot in the same election year in Massachusetts during the 2016 General Election.”[580]New Hampshire Department of Justice, “Charles Eugene Cartier, Jr. Pled Guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited,” doj.nh.gov, January 3, 2020

Case Notes:
State v. Charles E. Cartier, Jr
Case Number: 212-2019-CR-00124
Indictment, Sentencing, and Evidence
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Undeclared Voter / No Party Listed

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
126.Election Year: 2016
Name: Grace E. Fleming
Party Affiliation: Registered as an Undeclared Voter in NH and as a Republican in MA[581]The Town of Hampton, NH – Official Checklist and The Town of Belchertown – Voter List by Ward[582]According to the website of the New Hampshire Department of State, voters in New Hampshire can register with the Republican or Democratic parties or as an undeclared voter – Source: New … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Grace E. Fleming pleaded guilty on 12/16/2019 to one felony count of voting in more than one state, in relation to an offense committed on 11/8/2016.[583]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – Indictment Fleming was sentenced on the same day to 60 days in the house of corrections, suspended for one year and a $1,000 fine plus a $240 penalty assessment fee.[584]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – House of Corrections Sentence
“A married couple pleaded guilty Monday [12/16/2019] to knowingly voting in New Hampshire and Massachusetts and were handed suspended jail sentences. John Fleming Jr. and Grace Fleming were accused of voting in Hampton, New Hampshire, after voting in Massachusetts in the November 2016 general election. They entered guilty pleas in Rockingham County Superior Court and were given 60-day suspended jail sentences. … They are barred from voting in the future in New Hampshire.”[585]Associated Press, “Husband, Wife Plead Guilty to Knowingly Voting in Mass., NH in 2016 Election,” wmur.com, December 17, 2019

Case Notes:
State v. Grace E. Fleming
Case Number: 218-2018-CR-01289
Indictment, Sentencing, and Evidence
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Undeclared / Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
127.Election Year: 2016
Name: John S. Fleming, Jr
Party Affiliation: Registered as an Undeclared Voter in NH and as a Republican in MA[586]The Town of Hampton, NH – Official Checklist and The Town of Belchertown – Voter List by Ward[587]According to the website of the New Hampshire Department of State, voters in New Hampshire can register with the Republican or Democratic parties or as an undeclared voter – Source: New … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
John S. Fleming, Jr pleaded guilty on 12/16/2019 to one felony count of voting in more than one state, in relation to an offense committed on 11/8/2016.[588]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – Indictment Fleming Jr was sentenced on the same day to 60 days in the house of corrections, suspended for one year and a $1,000 fine plus a $240 penalty assessment fee.[589]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – House of Corrections Sentence
“A married couple pleaded guilty Monday [12/16/2019] to knowingly voting in New Hampshire and Massachusetts and were handed suspended jail sentences. John Fleming Jr. and Grace Fleming were accused of voting in Hampton, New Hampshire, after voting in Massachusetts in the November 2016 general election. They entered guilty pleas in Rockingham County Superior Court and were given 60-day suspended jail sentences. … They are barred from voting in the future in New Hampshire.”[590]Associated Press, “Husband, Wife Plead Guilty to Knowingly Voting in Mass., NH in 2016 Election,” wmur.com, December 17, 2019

Case Notes:
State v. John S. Fleming, Jr
Case Number: 218-2018-CR-01290
Indictment, Sentencing, and Evidence
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Undeclared / Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
128.Election Year: 2016
Name: Laurence Kahn
Party Affiliation: Registered as an Undeclared Voter in NH and has no known party affiliation in MI[591]Town of Londonderry, NH – Official Checklist and VoterRecords.com, “Laurence G Kahn’s Michigan Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on April 19, 2022[592]According to the website of the New Hampshire Department of State, voters in New Hampshire can register with the Republican or Democratic parties or as an undeclared voter – Source: New … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Laurence Kahn pleaded guilty on 5/13/2021 to one felony charge of voting in more than one state, in relation to an offense committed on 10/8/2016.[593]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – Complaint Kahn was sentenced on the same day to 90 days in the house of corrections, suspended for one year, and a $4,000 fine plus a $960 penalty assessment fee; also loses the right to vote in the state of New Hampshire.[594]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – House of Corrections Sentence
“Laurence Kahn, age 58, of Londonderry, New Hampshire and Toivola, Michigan, pled guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited – a Class B Felony – in Rockingham County Superior Court on Thursday, May 13, 2021. Mr. Kahn knowingly checked in at the checklist in Londonderry and cast a New Hampshire ballot, after having already cast a ballot in the same election year in Michigan during the 2016 General Election.”[595]New Hampshire Department of Justice, “Laurence Kahn Pled Guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited,” doj.nh.gov, May 14,

Case Notes:
State v. Laurence Kahn
Case Number: 218-2021-CR-00113
Complaint, Indictment, Sentencing, and Evidence
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Undeclared / No Party Affiliation

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
129.Election Year: 2016
Name: Don E. Leeman
Party Affiliation: Republican[596]Ballotpedia, “Don Leeman,” ballotpedia.org, accessed on April 19, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Don E. Leeman pleaded guilty on 3/8/2017 to one misdemeanor charge of providing gifts to public servants, in relation to an offense committed on 2/26/2016;[597]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – Complaint two felony charges of bribery and witness tampering were dropped as part of a plea deal.[598]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – Complaint Leeman was sentenced on the same day to a $1,200 fine plus a $288 penalty assessment fee, deferred for a period of one year, and 200 hours of community service to be completed during that deferment period.[599]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – House of Corrections Sentence
“A former state representative from Rochester has been arrested on charges related to voter fraud. According to the Attorney General’s Office, during the recent presidential primary Don Leeman voted in a district he no longer lived in and then tried to bribe a local employee to cover it up. Leeman faces felony witness tampering and bribery charges after he allegedly asked an employee of the Rochester Housing Authority to write a letter saying his move out of the district was only temporary. Investigators say he then offered that same employee money to expedite his transfer back into his legislative district.”[600]New Hampshire Public Radio, “Former State Rep. Arrested for Witness Tampering, Bribery in Voter Fraud Case,” nhpr.org, May 31 2016

Case Notes:
State v. Don E. Leeman
Case Number: 219-2016-CR-00462
Complaint, Indictment, and Sentencing
Type of Election:
Primary

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote in the Primary / No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
130.Election Year: 2016
Name: Vincent Joseph Marzello, also known as Helen Elisabeth Ashley
Party Affiliation: Registered as an Undeclared Voter under the name Vincent Joseph Marzello and as a Democrat under the name Helen Elisabeth Ashley[601]City of Lebanon, NH – Official Checklist[602]According to the website of the New Hampshire Department of State, voters in New Hampshire can register with the Republican or Democratic parties or as an undeclared voter – Source: New … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Vincent Joseph Marzello pleaded guilty on 2/17/2021 to one felony charge of wrongful voting, in relation to an offense committed on 11/8/2016.[603]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – Indictment Marzello was sentenced on the same day to 90 days in the house of corrections, suspended for two years, and $825 in counsel fees and expenses; Marzello also loses the right to vote in the state of New Hampshire.[604]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – House of Corrections Sentence
“Vincent Marzello, age 65, of Lebanon, New Hampshire pled guilty to one count of Wrongful Voting for voting twice in the City of Lebanon, during the November 8, 2016 General Election. Mr. Marzello was charged with a Class B Felony for violating RSA 659:34, I (b) for knowingly voting more than once for an office or measure for voting twice in the City of Lebanon, during the November 8, 2016 General Election, by voting once as Vincent Marzello and once as Helen Elisabeth Ashley.”[605]New Hampshire Department of Justice, “Vincent Marzello Pled Guilty to Wrongful Voting during the November 2016 General Election,” doj.nh.gov, February 17, 2021

Case Notes:
State v. Vincent Joseph Marzello
Case Number: 215-2020-CR-00327
Indictment, Sentencing, Addendum A, and Evidence
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Undeclared / Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Democratic vote
131.Election Year: 2016
Name: Spencer William McKinnon
Party Affiliation: Registered as an Undeclared Voter in NH, no party listed for MA[606]The Town of Durham, NH – Checklist and The Town of Dracut – Voter List by Ward[607]According to the website of the New Hampshire Department of State, voters in New Hampshire can register with the Republican or Democratic parties or as an undeclared voter – Source: New … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Spencer William McKinnon pleaded guilty on 2/28/2019 to one misdemeanor count of wrongful voting – false statement on a voter registration form, in relation to an offense committed on 10/26/2016.[608]The State of New Hampshire, Superior Court – Complaint McKinnon was sentenced on the same day to six months in the house of corrections, suspended for one year, 200 hours of community service to be completed within a year, plus a $2,000 fine and a $480 penalty assessment fee, all of the fee being suspended for one year; McKinnon also lost the right to vote in New Hampshire.[609]The State of New Hampshire, Judicial Branch – House of Corrections Sentence
“A University of New Hampshire student who registered to vote in Durham and cast an absentee ballot in Massachusetts during the 2016 election admitted to committing voter fraud on Thursday [2/28/2019]. Spencer McKinnon, 21, pleaded guilty in Strafford County Superior Court to a misdemeanor charge of providing a false statement on a voter registration form … On Oct. 24, 2016, McKinnon mailed an absentee ballot to the clerk in his hometown of Dracut, Mass. Two days later, he signed a voter registration form in Durham and attested that he ‘was not domiciled or voting in any other state or any other city/town’.”[610]Todd Feathers, “UNH Student Receives Suspended Sentence for Voter Fraud,” unionleader.com, March 1, 2019

Case Notes:
State v. Spencer W. McKinnon
Case Number: 219-2018-CR-00691
Complaint, Indictment, Sentencing, and Evidence
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Undeclared / No Party Listed

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
132.Election Year: 2016
Name: Sigmund Boganski
Party Affiliation: Republican[611]AZ Family Digital News Staff, “Man Stripped of Voting Rights in New Hampshire Cast Ballots in Arizona,” azfamily.com, May 17, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Sigmund Boganski pleaded guilty on 5/4/2022 to one felony count of voting in more than one state in relation to offenses committed during the 2016 Presidential election.[612]New Hampshire Department of Justice, Office of the Attorney General, “Sigmund Boganski Pled Guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited,” doj.nh.gov, May 4, 2022 Boganski was sentenced to 90 days imprisonment, suspended for two years, plus a $1,000 fine and $240 assessment fee.[613]New Hampshire Department of Justice, Office of the Attorney General, “Sigmund Boganski Pled Guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited,” doj.nh.gov, May 4, 2022 As a result of his conviction, Boganski also loses the right to vote in New Hampshire.[614]New Hampshire Department of Justice, Office of the Attorney General, “Sigmund Boganski Pled Guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited,” doj.nh.gov, May 4, 2022
“Sigmund Boganski, age 77, of New Hampton, New Hampshire, and Buckeye, Arizona, pled guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited – a Class B Felony – in Belknap County Superior Court on Wednesday, May 4, 2022. Mr. Boganski knowingly cast a ballot in New Hampton, New Hampshire, in the November 8, 2016 General Election and also cast an absentee ballot in Arizona in the same election.”[615]New Hampshire Department of Justice, Office of the Attorney General, “Sigmund Boganski Pled Guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited,” doj.nh.gov, May 4, 2022

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
133.Election Year: 2016
Name: Todd Krysiak
Party Affiliation: Republican[616]Sky Palma, “Registered Republican Pleads Guilty After Being Caught Voting in Two States,” rawstory.com, April 26, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Todd Krysiak pleaded guilty on 4/22/2022 to one felony count of voting in more than one state in relation to offenses committed during the 2016 Presidential election.[617]New Hampshire Department of Justice, Office of the Attorney General, “Todd Krysiak Pled Guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited,” doj.nh.gov, April 25, 2022 Krysiak was sentenced to 90 days imprisonment, suspended for two years, plus a $4,000 fine and $960 assessment fee.[618]New Hampshire Department of Justice, Office of the Attorney General, “Todd Krysiak Pled Guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited,” doj.nh.gov, April 25, 2022 As a result of his conviction, Krysiak also loses the right to vote in New Hampshire.[619]New Hampshire Department of Justice, Office of the Attorney General, “Todd Krysiak Pled Guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited,” doj.nh.gov, April 25, 2022
“Todd Krysiak, age 39, of Alton, New Hampshire, and Leominster, Massachusetts, pled guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited – a Class B Felony – in Belknap County Superior Court on Friday, April 22, 2022. Mr. Krysiak knowingly cast a ballot in Alton in the November 6, 2016, General Election, and also cast a ballot in Leominster, Massachusetts, in the same election.”[620]New Hampshire Department of Justice, Office of the Attorney General, “Todd Krysiak Pled Guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited,” doj.nh.gov, April 25, 2022

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote

Return to Summary Chart

NEW JERSEY – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
134.Election Year: 2020
Name: Frederick Gattuso
Party Affiliation: Republican[621]Katie Samalis-Aldrich and Hans von Spakovsky, “Voter Fraud Cases Continue to Occur, Putting Fair and Free Elections in Jeopardy,” dailysignal.com, August 24, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Frederick Gattuso pleaded guilty on 5/26/2021 to a disorderly persons charge of tampering with public records, reduced from felony voter fraud charges as part of a plea agreement.[622]Suzanne Russell, “Former Carteret Mayoral Candidate Accused of Voter Fraud Gets Probation,” mycentraljersey.com, July 29, 2021 Gattuso was sentenced on the same day to one year of probation.[623]Suzanne Russell, “Former Carteret Mayoral Candidate Accused of Voter Fraud Gets Probation,” mycentraljersey.com, July 29, 2021
“Frederick Gattuso, a former Carteret Republican mayoral candidate, was charged with one count of fraudulent voting for voting twice during the November 2020 presidential election as different people with similar names. Gattuso pleaded guilty to one count of tampering with public records and was sentenced to one year of probation.”[624]Katie Samalis-Aldrich and Hans von Spakovsky, “Voter Fraud Cases Continue to Occur, Putting Fair and Free Elections in Jeopardy,” dailysignal.com, August 24, 2022

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote

Return to Summary Chart

NEW MEXICO – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
136.Election Year: 2016 / 2018
Name: Laura Seeds
Party Affiliation: Democrat[625]Email from the Elections HelpDesk, New Mexico Compliance Officer, notified us that Laura Seeds was a registered Democrat, however, they note that they “do not have access to an … Continue reading[626]According the website of the Office of the Secretary of State of New Mexico, voters may declare a party affiliation on their voter registration forms or check a “No Party” option. Voters … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Laura Seeds was found guilty by a jury on 11/06/2019 of two felony counts each of making false statements relative to the municipal election code and unlawful possession of another’s absentee ballot, and one felony count of conspiracy to violate the election code[627]New Mexico Courts, Case Lookup – State of New Mexico v. Laura Seeds – Case Number: D-117-CR-201800048, caselookup.nmcourts.gov, accessed on April 20, 2022 in relation to offenses committed during the 2016 municipal elections in Española, New Mexico.[628]Edmundo Carrillo, “Laura Seeds Found Guilty of Tampering in 2016 Election,” abqjournal.com, November 7, 2019 Seeds was sentenced on 12/9/2019[629]New Mexico Courts, Case Lookup – State of New Mexico v. Laura Seeds – Case Number: D-117-CR-201800048, caselookup.nmcourts.gov, accessed on April 20, 2022 to six months of house arrest and five years of probation.[630]Nathanael King, “Seeds Sentenced to Six Months House Arrest,” riograndesun.com, December 12, 2019

Laura Seeds was also charged on 4/4/2018 with one felony count each of committing intimidation in a municipal election and voter coercion, and one misdemeanor count of disturbing a polling place in a municipal election in relation to offenses committed during a March 2018 mayoral election in Española, New Mexico.[631]Phaedra Haywood, “Grand Jury Indicts Seeds on New Charges in Española Election,” apnews.com, April 6, 2018 and New Mexico Courts, Case Lookup – State of New Mexico v. Laura Seeds … Continue reading As of April 2022, the outcome of this case is pending.[632]New Mexico Courts, Case Lookup – State of New Mexico v. Laura Seeds – Case Number: D-117-CR-201800116, caselookup.nmcourts.gov, accessed on April 20, 2022
“The wife of an Española city councilor was found guilty Thursday of several charges of tampering with a municipal election to get her husband elected in 2016. Laura Seeds, 52,… was accused of forging signatures on several absentee ballots to help her husband, Robert Seeds, get elected to the Española city council. … She was accused of conspiring with 24-year-old Dyon Herrera to falsify several absentee ballots in favor of Robert Seeds.”[633]Edmundo Carrillo, “Laura Seeds Found Guilty of Tampering in 2016 Election,” abqjournal.com, November 7, 2019

“A Rio Arriba County grand jury has indicted Laura Seeds, the wife of Española City Councilor Robert Seeds, on charges of intimidation, voter coercion and disturbing a polling place in a municipal election last month [March 2018]. The indictments, issued Wednesday [4/4/2018], accuse Seeds of committing the crimes — two felonies and a misdemeanor, carrying a total maximum penalty of three and a half years in prison — on March 2, voting day in Española, where her husband ran unsuccessfully for mayor.”[634]Phaedra Haywood, “Grand Jury Indicts Seeds on New Charges in Española Election,” apnews.com, April 6, 2018

Case Notes:
State of New Mexico v. Laura Seeds
Case Number: D-117-CR-201800048 (2016 election offenses)
Case Number: D-117-CR-201800116 (2018 election offenses)
Court Records (2016) and Court Records (2018)
Type of Election:
City Council

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
136.Election Year: 2016
Name: Dyon Herrera
Party Affiliation: Democrat[635]Email from the Elections HelpDesk, New Mexico Compliance Officer, notified us that Dyon Herrera was a registered Democrat, however, they note that they “do not have access to an … Continue reading[636]According the website of the Office of the Secretary of State of New Mexico, voters may declare a party affiliation on their voter registration forms or check a “No Party” option. Voters … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Dyon Herrera pleaded guilty on 10/24/2019 to one felony charge of conspiracy to violate the election code,[637]New Mexico Courts, Case Lookup – State of New Mexico v. Dyon Herrera – Case Number: D-117-CR-201800047, caselookup.nmcourts.gov, accessed on April 20, 2022 in relation to offenses committed during the 2016 municipal elections in Española, New Mexico; three further felony charges were dropped as part of a plea deal.[638]T. S. Last, “Co-Defendant Takes Plea in Laura Seeds Election Case,” abqjournal.com, October 25, 2019 Herrera was sentenced on 01/13/2020[639]New Mexico Courts, Case Lookup – State of New Mexico v. Dyon Herrera – Case Number: D-117-CR-201800047, caselookup.nmcourts.gov, accessed on April 20, 2022 to 18 months probation.[640]Phaedra Haywood, “Campaign Worker Sentenced for Conspiracy to Violate Election Code,” santafenewmexican.com, January 13, 2020
“Dyon Herrera, 24, pleaded guilty to conspiracy to violate the municipal code – a fourth-degree felony – in October after being accused of signing the applications of his grandparents and another man in order to obtain their absentee ballots from a city clerk. Herrera told prosecutors he signed the applications at the behest of Laura Seeds while working on her husband City Councilor Robert Seeds’ re-election campaign.”[641]Phaedra Haywood, “Campaign Worker Sentenced for Conspiracy to Violate Election Code,” santafenewmexican.com, January 13, 2020

Case Notes:
State of New Mexico v. Dyon Herrera
Case Number: D-117-CR-201800047
Court Records
Type of Election:
City Council

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections

Return to Summary Chart

NEW YORK – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
137.Election Year: 2017
Name: Christianne Strough, also known as Chris Strough
Party Affiliation: Not Found[642]According to the website of the Board of Elections in the City of New York, voters can register with the Republican, Democratic, Conservative, or Working Families party, or mark the box indicating … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Christianne Strough pleaded guilty on 5/15/2018 to disorderly conduct, a violation, in relation to offenses committed during the 2017 local elections in Queensbury, New York;[643]Kathleen Moore, “Queensbury Supervisor Takes Plea Deal in Election Fraud Case,” poststar.com, May 15, 2018 three misdemeanor counts of violation of election law were dropped as part of a plea deal.[644]The North Country Gazette, “Stroughs’ Political Charges End In Dismissal, Plea Deal,” northcountrygazette.org, May 15, 2018 Strough was sentenced to a fine of $200 plus a $120 court surcharge fee and instructed to relinquish her notary license for one year.[645]Kathleen Moore, “Queensbury Supervisor Takes Plea Deal in Election Fraud Case,” poststar.com, May 15, 2018
“John Strough, age 66, is a Democrat but last year he also circulated petitions to run on the Conservative Party primary. To do that, he needed to circulate petitions and he needed a witness or notary public present at the time his petitions were signed by eligible Conservative Party members. State police now say Strough and his wife Chistianne, who is a notary, didn’t follow those rules and later lied about it. Strough is charged with one misdemeanor count of offering a false instrument.[646]This charge was dropped as part of a plea deal – see: Kathleen Moore, “Queensbury Supervisor Takes Plea Deal in Election Fraud Case,” poststar.com, May 15, 2018 His wife Christianne is charged with three election law related misdemeanors. … According to a state police statement, Christianne Strough was charged ‘after she notarized three of the petition sheets that were obtained without a witness or notary public present.'”[647]Brian Mann, “Queensbury Town Supervisor, Wife Arrested on Election Fraud Charges,” northcountrypublicradio.org, May 12, 2018

Case Notes:
Case was heard at the Glens Falls City Court, NY[648]The North Country Gazette, “Stroughs’ Political Charges End In Dismissal, Plea Deal,” northcountrygazette.org, May 15, 2018
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Ballot Petition

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections

Return to Summary Chart

NORTH CAROLINA – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
138.Election Year: 2016
Name: Alessandro Cannizzaro
Party Affiliation: Republican[649]According to the North Carolina State Board of Elections “Voter Search” page at vt.ncsbe.gov, accessed April 21, 2022 and Joshua Eaton, “Trump Administration Wins First Conviction … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Alessandro Cannizzaro pleaded guilty on 10/10/2018 to one count of voting by an alien in relation to an offense committed on 11/8/2016.[650]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina – United States of America v. Alessandro Cannizzaro – Case Number: 5:18-CR-328-1BO – Judgement Cannizzaro was sentenced on the same day to $200 fine and a $10 assessment fee.[651]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina – United States of America v. Alessandro Cannizzaro – Case Number: 5:18-CR-328-1BO – Judgement
“Italian citizen Alessandro Cannizzaro, 47 of North Carolina, pleaded guilty to one misdemeanor count of voting by an alien. U.S. District Judge Terrence Boyle sentence Cannizzaro to a $200 fine. Cannizzaro, a registered Republican, passed a citizenship test in 2003 but officials never let him know when he could take his citizenship oath. That apparently led Cannizzaro to believe he was eligible to vote when his family headed to the polls in 2016. ‘I never checked the status of me if I was okay to vote,’ Cannizzaro said,… ‘So I’m here today to take full responsibility.'”[652]Joshua Eaton, “Trump Administration Wins First Conviction for Non-Citizen Voting,” m.usw.org, October 17, 2018

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Alessandro Cannizzaro
Case Number: 5:18-CR-328-1BO
Information, Charge, Affidavit, and Judgement
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
139.Election Year: 2016
Name: Maria Rufina Castillo-Boswell
Party Affiliation: Republican[653]According to the North Carolina State Board of Elections “Voter Search” page at vt.ncsbe.gov, accessed April 21, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Maria Rufina Castillo-Boswell pleaded guilty on 1/7/2019[654]Court Listener, “United States of America v. Castillo-Boswell (7:18-cr-00135),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 21, 2022 to one count of voting by an alien in relation to an offense committed on 11/8/2016;[655]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina – United States of America v. Maria Rufina Castillo-Boswell – Case Number: 7:18-CR-00135-ID(4) – Indictment one further count of knowingly making a false statement in order to register to vote was dismissed as part of a plea deal.[656]Court Listener, “United States of America v. Castillo-Boswell (7:18-cr-00135),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 21, 2022 and United States District Court, Eastern District of North … Continue reading Castillo-Boswell was sentenced on 4/17/2019 to 12 months of probation and a $600 fine, plus a $25 special assessment fee.[657]Court Listener, “United States of America v. Castillo-Boswell (7:18-cr-00135),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 21, 2022
“On or about November 8, 2016, in the Eastern District of North Carolina, the defendant Maria Rufina Castillo-Boswell, an alien, knowing she was not a United States citizen, did knowingly vote in an election held in part for the purpose of electing a candidate for the office of President, Vice President, and Member of the House of Representatives, in violation of Title 18, United States Code, Section 611(a).”[658]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina – United States of America v. Maria Rufina Castillo-Boswell – Case Number: 7:18-CR-00135-ID(4) – Indictment

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Maria Rufina Castillo-Boswell
Case Number: 7:18-CR-00135-ID(4)
Indictment and Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
140.Election Year: 2016
Name: Roberto Hernandez-Cuarenta
Party Affiliation: Republican[659]VoterRecords.com, “Cuarenta Roberto Hernandez’s North Carolina Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on June 7, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Roberto Hernandez-Cuarenta pleaded no contest in August 2018 to two misdemeanor charges of illegal voting[660]Amy Gardner, Beth Reinhard and Alice Crites, “Trump-Appointed Prosecutor Focused on Allegations of Voting Fraud by Immigrants Amid Warnings About Separate Ballot Scheme,” … Continue reading – voting by an alien[661]Department of Justice, U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, “Nash County Man Sentenced for Voting by an Alien,” justice.gov, August 9, 2018 – in relation to offenses committed in 2012 and 2016.[662]ABC 11.com, “Wake County Man Sentenced for Illegally Voting in U.S. Elections,” abc11.com, August 13, 2018 Hernandez-Cuarenta was sentenced, in the same month, to time served, amounting to four months imprisonment.[663]Department of Justice, U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, “Nash County Man Sentenced for Voting by an Alien,” justice.gov, August 9, 2018 According to a report published in the Washington Post, Hernandez-Cuarenta’s “sentencing triggered deportation proceedings, and he has been held in an ICE detention center in Georgia since.”[664]Amy Gardner, Beth Reinhard and Alice Crites, “Trump-Appointed Prosecutor Focused on Allegations of Voting Fraud by Immigrants Amid Warnings About Separate Ballot Scheme,” … Continue reading
“On November 6, 2012 and November 8, 2016, Hernandez-Cuarenta, knowing he was not a United States Citizen, did knowingly vote in two elections held in part for the purpose of electing a candidate for the Office of President, Vice President, and Member of the House of Representative. The evidence presented at sentencing showed that the defendant was granted a Special Agricultural Worker application in June of 1992. He was subsequently given legal and permanent resident status as a seasonal agricultural worker. However, Hernandez-Cuarenta was never naturalized as a United States Citizen… Hernandez-Cuarenta is a citizen of Mexico.”[665]Department of Justice, U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, “Nash County Man Sentenced for Voting by an Alien,” justice.gov, August 9, 2018

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Roberto Hernandez-Cuarenta
Case Number: 5:2017-CR-00167-157565
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
141.Election Year: 2016
Name: Guadalupe Espinosa-Pena
Party Affiliation: Not Found[666]According to a report on Reflector.com, “Voters in North Carolina can be registered as a Democrat, Republican, Libertarian, Green Party — which was added in March [2018] — or unaffiliated. … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Guadalupe Espinosa-Pena pleaded guilty on 12/12/2018 to one count of knowingly voting while ineligible (alien voting) – in relation to an offense committed in 2016; one further count of knowingly making a false statement in order to register to vote was dismissed as part of a plea deal.[667]Court Listener, “United States v. Espinosa-Pena (5:18-cr-00298),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 22, 2022 and United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina … Continue reading Espinosa-Pena was sentenced on 4/9/2019 to one month imprisonment, followed by one year of supervised release, and a $25 special assessment fee.[668]Court Listener, “United States v. Espinosa-Pena (5:18-cr-00298),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 22, 2022
“Guadalupe Espinosa-Pena, age 61, of Mexico, residing in Wake County, North Carolina, was sentenced to one month imprisonment and one year supervised release … after a guilty plea to illegal voting by an alien. According to court records, Espinosa-Pena is a lawful permanent resident whose application for United States citizenship had been denied. Espinosa-Pena attempted to register to vote in North Carolina previously, but was informed he could not register as he was not a United States citizen. Thereafter, Espinosa-Pena nonetheless completed a voter registration with an election official’s aid and registered to vote. … Espinosa-Pena [then] voted in the General Election of 2016 in Wake County, North Carolina.”[669]Department of Justice, U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, “Alien Sentenced to Active Prison Time for Unlawful Voting in the 2016 General Election,” justice.gov, … Continue reading

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Guadalupe Espinosa-Pena
Case Number: 5:18-CR-00298-1-FL
Indictment and Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
142.Election Year: 2016
Name: Diana Patricia Franco-Rodriguez
Party Affiliation: Unaffiliated[670]According to the North Carolina State Board of Elections “Voter Search” page at vt.ncsbe.gov, accessed April 22, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Diana Patricia Franco-Rodriguez pleaded guilty in April 2019 to one count of knowingly voting while ineligible (alien voting) – in relation to an offense committed on 11/8/2016; one further count of knowingly making a false statement in an application for naturalization was dismissed as part of a plea deal.[671]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina – United States of America v. Diana Patricia Franco-Rodriguez – Case Number: 5:18-CR-299 – Indictment and Judgement Franco-Rodriguez was sentenced on 12/16/2019 to a $975 fine and a $25 assessment fee.[672]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina – United States of America v. Diana Patricia Franco-Rodriguez – Case Number: 5:18-CR-299 – Judgement
“Patricia Franco-Rodriguez, a citizen of Mexico, sidestepped decades behind bars for illegal voting when a federal judge sentenced her Monday [12/16/2019] … ‘Franco-Rodriguez voted in the General Election of 2016,’ prosecutors said… ‘When questioned by Homeland Security agents, Franco-Rodriguez admitted that she voted for all of the positions in the ballot.’ … Franco-Rodriguez was born in Chihuahua, Mexico, but granted lawful permanent resident status in the U.S. in 2009, according to a federal indictment. While residing in Johnston County in 2012, she registered to vote as a U.S. citizen.”[673]Hayley Fowler, “Mexican Citizen Who Voted in 2016 Us Election Won’t Go to Prison, NC Judge Says,” newsobserver.com, December 16, 2019

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Diana Patricia Franco-Rodriguez
Case Number: 5:18-CR-299
Indictment and Judgement
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Unaffiliated

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
143.Election Year: 2016
Name: Hyo Suk George
Party Affiliation: Democrat[674]According to the North Carolina State Board of Elections “Voter Search” page at vt.ncsbe.gov, accessed April 22, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Hyo Suk George pleaded guilty on 11/28/2018 to one count of knowingly voting while ineligible (alien voting) – in relation to an offense committed in 2016.[675]Court Listener, “United States v. George (7:18-cr-00138),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 22, 2022 and United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina – … Continue reading George was sentenced on 1/17/2019 to a $100 fine and a $25 assessment fee.[676]Court Listener, “United States v. George (7:18-cr-00138),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 22, 2022 and United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina – … Continue reading
“Hyo Suk George, 70, was charged with illegal voting by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security after she reportedly voted in 2008, 2010 and 2016 in Columbus County. … George arrived in the United States from South Korea in 1989. She got a green card in 1995 and has worked in housekeeping and the fast-food industry,… In his ruling, [Judge] Boyle also expressed frustration toward the election board in Whiteville, North Carolina, because it allowed George to register to vote using her green card, Social Security number and driver’s license.”[677]Nicole Rojas, “Green Card Holder, 70, Avoids Jail Time After Voting Illegally Three Times in North Carolina,” newsweek.com, January 18, 2019

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Hyo Suk George
Case Number: 7:18-CR-00138
Information, Charge, and Affidavit, Judgement, and Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Democratic vote
144.Election Year: 2016
Name: Dewey George Gidcumb, Jr
Party Affiliation: Republican[678]According to the North Carolina State Board of Elections “Voter Search” page at vt.ncsbe.gov, accessed April 22, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Dewey George Gidcumb, Jr was found guilty by a jury on 2/9/2017[679]North Carolina State Board of Elections, “Haywood County Jury Convicts Double Voter,” ncsbe.gov, February 10, 2017 to one felony count of voting more than once in a primary election, in relation to an offense committed on 3/15/2016.[680]United States of America v. Dewey George Gidcumb Jr. – Case Number: 16CRS000620 – Sentencing Gidcumb was sentenced on the same day to a five to 15 month suspended sentence, 12 months of supervised probation, 24 hours of community service, and a $100 fine plus $225 in costs and $250 in community service fees.[681]United States of America v. Dewey George Gidcumb Jr. – Case Number: 16CRS000620 – Sentencing
“A Haywood County Superior Court jury on Thursday convicted 52-year-old Dewey George Gidcumb Jr. of voting twice in North Carolina’s March 2016 primary, a Class I felony. Gidcumb,… voted in the Republican primary during the early voting period, then again on Election Day,… The jury determined that Gidcumb not only voted twice, but that he did so with intent to commit a fraud, which is required under state law in such cases.”[682]North Carolina State Board of Elections, “Haywood County Jury Convicts Double Voter,” ncsbe.gov, February 10, 2017

Case Notes:
State v. Dewey George Gidcumb, Jr
Case Number: 16CRS000620
Indictment and Sentencing
Type of Election:
Primary

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote in the Primary / No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
145.Election Year: 2016
Name: Edward Charles Green
Party Affiliation: Democrat[683]Email response on July 16, 2021, from the Moore County Board of Elections and North Carolina State Board of Elections “Voter Search” page at vt.ncsbe.gov, accessed April 22, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Edward Charles Green was found guilty in April 2017 of one felony count of voter fraud, in relation to an offense committed during the 2016 presidential election cycle.[684]Jaymie Baxley, “Two Convicted of Felony Voter Fraud,” thepilot.com, April 28, 2017 Green was sentenced to “a minimum of four months in jail and six months of supervised probation, which will run concurrent to a probation sentence from a previous offense.”[685]Jaymie Baxley, “Two Convicted of Felony Voter Fraud,” thepilot.com, April 28, 2017
“District Attorney Maureen Krueger announced Wednesday [4/26/2017] that two men were found guilty of felony voter fraud in Moore County. Edward Charles Green,… [was] indicted by a grand jury in February after the District Attorney’s Office conducted an investigation into illegal voting in the 2016 Presidential election. … Glenda Clendenin, director of the Moore County Board of Elections, said the residents did not disclose they were on probation for felony offenses when they cast their ballots. … Green was convicted in 2014 of promoting the prostitution of a minor with a mental disability.[686]Jaymie Baxley, “Two Convicted of Felony Voter Fraud,” thepilot.com, April 28, 2017

Case Notes:
State v. Edward Charles Green
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Democratic vote
146.Election Year: 2016
Name: Rosemarie Angelika Harris, also known as Rosemarie Angelika McLaurin
Party Affiliation: Democrat[687]According to the North Carolina State Board of Elections “Voter Search” page at vt.ncsbe.gov, accessed April 27, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Rosemarie Angelika Harris pleaded guilty on 8/27/2019 to one count of knowingly voting while ineligible (alien voting) – in relation to an offense committed in 2016.[688]Court Listener, “United States v. Harris (7:18-cr-00322),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 27, 2022 and United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina, United … Continue reading Harris was sentenced on the same day to a $50 fine and a $25 special assessment fee.[689]Court Listener, “United States v. Harris (7:18-cr-00322),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 27, 2022
“Rosemarie Angelika Harris was an alien born in West Berlin, Germany. On December 3, 2014,… Harris, was granted lawful permanent resident status in the United States. … Harris has neither applied for United States citizenship, been naturalized as a United States citizen, nor has met the criteria for derivation of United States citizenship. On October 1, 2016, the North Carolina Board of Elections registered the defendant… to vote despite not having signed the registration application. … Harris, voted in the General Election of 2016.”[690]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina, United States of America v. Rosemarie Angelika Harris a/k/a Rosemarie Angelika McLaurin – Case Number: 5:18-CR-00322-1B0 … Continue reading

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Rosemarie Angelika Harris a/k/a Rosemarie Angelika McLaurin
Case Number: 5:18-CR-00322-1B0
Charge, Affidavit, and Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Democratic vote
147.Election Year: 2016
Name: Merious Jean, also known as Marius Jean
Party Affiliation: Democrat[691]According to the North Carolina State Board of Elections “Voter Search” page at vt.ncsbe.gov, accessed April 27, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Merious Jean pleaded guilty on 1/16/2019 to one count of knowingly voting while ineligible (alien voting) – in relation to an offense committed in 2016.[692]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina, United States of America v. Merious Jean – Case Number: 5:18-CR-00327 – Judgement Jean was sentenced on the same day to a $100 fine and a $25 assessment fee.[693]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina, United States of America v. Merious Jean – Case Number: 5:18-CR-00327 – Judgement
“Merious Jean was an alien born in … Haiti. On January 12, 1989,… Jean, was granted lawful permanent residency in the United States … Jean has neither applied for United States citizenship, been naturalized as a United States citizen, nor has met the criteria for derivative citizenship. On September 31, 2012,… Jean registered to vote in North Carolina and attested under the penalty of perjury that he was a citizen of the United States. … Jean, voted in the General Elections of 2012 and 2016.”[694]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina, United States of America v. Merious Jean – Case Number: 5:18-CR-00327 – Charge and Affidavit

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Merious Jean
Case Number: 5:18-CR-00327
Charge, Affidavit, and Judgement
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Democratic vote
148.Election Year: 2016
Name: Juan Francisco Landeros-Mireles
Party Affiliation: Democrat[695]According to the North Carolina State Board of Elections “Voter Search” page at vt.ncsbe.gov, accessed April 27, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Juan Francisco Landeros-Mireles pleaded guilty in 2019 to one count of knowingly voting while ineligible (alien voting) – in relation to an offense committed in 2016.[696]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina, United States of America v. Juan Francisco Landeros-Mireles – Case Number: 5:18-CR-325-1-D – Sentencing Hearing Transcript Landeros-Mireles was sentenced on 2/19/2019 to two years of probation, the first two months of which was served under house arrest, a fine of $1200, and a $25 special assessment fee.[697]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina, United States of America v. Juan Francisco Landeros-Mireles – Case Number: 5:18-CR-325-1-D – Sentencing Hearing Transcript
“Juan Francisco Landeros-Mireles, was an alien born in Zacatecas, Mexico. On December 1, 1990,… Landeros-Mireles, was granted lawful permanent resident status in the United States … Landeros-Mireles, has neither applied for United States citizenship, nor been naturalized as a United States citizen, nor has met the criteria for derivation of United States citizenship. On October 24, 2012,… Landeros-Mireles, registered to vote in North Carolina and attested under the penalty of perjury that he was a citizen of the United States. … Landeros-Mireles, voted in the General Elections of 2012 and 2016.”[698]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina, United States of America v. Juan Francisco Landeros-Mireles – Case Number: 5:18-CR-325-1-D – Charge and Affidavit

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Juan Francisco Landeros-Mireles
Case Number: 5:18-CR-325-1-D
Charge, Affidavit, and Sentencing Hearing Transcript
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Democratic vote
149.Election Year: 2016
Name: Olive Agatha Martin, also known as Olive Ramsey
Party Affiliation: Democrat[699]According to the North Carolina State Board of Elections “Voter Search” page at vt.ncsbe.gov, accessed April 28, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Olive Agatha Martin pleaded guilty on 2/14/2019 to one count of knowingly voting while ineligible (alien voting) in relation to an offense committed in November 2016; one further count of making a false statement in order to register to vote was dismissed.[700]Court Listener, “United States v. Martin (5:18-cr-00301),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 28, 2022 Martin was sentenced on the same day to 12 months probation plus a $300 fine and $25 special assessment fee.[701]Court Listener, “United States v. Martin (5:18-cr-00301),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 28, 2022
“On or about November 8, 2016, in the Eastern District of North Carolina, the defendant, Olive Agatha Martin, also known as ‘Olive Ramsey,’ an alien, knowing she was not a United states citizen, did knowingly vote in an election held in part for the purpose of electing a candidate for the office of President, Vice President, and Member of the House of Representatives, in violation of Title 18, United States Code, Section 611 (a).”[702]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina, United States of America v. Olive Agatha Martin a/k/a Olive Ramsey – Case Number: 5:18-CR-301-1FL – Indictment

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Olive Agatha Martin a/k/a Olive Ramsey
Case Number: 5:18-CR-301-1FL
Indictment and Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Democratic vote
150.Election Year: 2016
Name: Ramon Esteban Paez-Jerez, also known as Carlos Jose Portorreal Reyes
Party Affiliation: Democrat[703]Registered under the name Carlos Jose Portorreal – Source: North Carolina State Board of Elections “Voter Search” page at vt.ncsbe.gov, accessed April 27, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Ramon Esteban Paez-Jerez pleaded guilty on 8/14/2018 to one count each of passport fraud and knowingly voting while ineligible (alien voter)[704]Robert J. Higdon, Jr., “Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election,” justice.gov, August 24, 2018 in relation to offenses committed between 2009 and 2016.[705]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina, United States of America v. Ramon Esteban Paez-Jerez – Case Number: 5:18-CR-00131-FL – Criminal Information and Charges Paez-Jerez “was sentenced to one year’s imprisonment on each charge, to be served concurrently, and three years’ probation for each charge, also to be served concurrently. For each charge, he was ordered to pay a $5,500 fine and a $125 special assessment [fee].”[706]Heritage Foundation,”Election Fraud Cases,” heritage.org, accessed on April 27, 2022 On 1/18/2019, Paez-Jerez’s US citizenship was revoked and certification of naturalization cancelled.[707]Leagle, “U.S. v. Reyes – Case No. 5:19-cv-15-FL.,” leagle.com, January 18, 2019
“Ramon Esteban Paez-Jerez, age 58, of the Dominican Republic … in 1988 was ordered deported from the United States and failed to appear for his scheduled removal. According to court records, Paez-Jerez assumed a fraudulent identity [Carlos Jose Portorreal Reyes] and applied for amnesty. Paez-Jerez in 1989 was granted lawful permanent status under the false identity and in 1999 was naturalized contrary to law as a United States citizen. On July 7, 2007, Paez-Jerez registered to vote in North Carolina under his fraudulent identity. … On November 8, 2016, Paez-Jerez illegally voted in the General Election of 2016 … knowing he had illegally obtained United States citizenship.”[708]Robert J. Higdon, Jr., “Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election,” justice.gov, August 24, 2018

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Ramon Esteban Paez-Jerez
Case Number: 5:18-CR-00131-FL
Criminal Information and Charges – Passport and Voter Fraud
United States of America v. Carlos Jose Portorreal Reyes, a/k/a Ramon Esteban Paez-Jerez
Case Number: 5:19-CV-15-FL
Judgement Revoking Naturalization
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Democratic vote
151.Election Year: 2016
Name: Denslo Allen Paige
Party Affiliation: Democrat[709]According to the North Carolina State Board of Elections “Voter Search” page at vt.ncsbe.gov, accessed April 27, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Denslo Allen Paige pleaded guilty on 10/16/2018 to one count of aiding and abetting voting by an alien,[710]Court Listener, “United States v. Espinosa-Pena (5:18-cr-00298),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 27, 2022 in relation to an offense committed in 2016.[711]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina, United States of America v. Denslo Allen Paige – Case Number: 5:18-CR-00298-2-FL – Indictment Paige was sentenced on 2/7/2019 to two months imprisonment, one year of probation, a $250 fine plus a $25 special assessment fee.[712]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina, United States of America v. Denslo Allen Paige – Case Number: 5:18-CR-00298-2-FL – Sentencing Hearing Transcript
“A 66-year-old North Carolina woman was sentenced Thursday [2/7/2019] to two months in federal prison for helping her boyfriend at the time, a noncitizen, vote, even though federal prosecutors conceded she didn’t check a box on his voter registration form indicating he was a citizen. … [Denslo Allen] Paige, who works at Walmart, told HuffPost in August that she went with her boyfriend to an early voting site shortly before the 2016 election to see if he was eligible to vote because he had been talking a lot about politics. She said she wasn’t sure whether her boyfriend, a legal permanent resident, was eligible to vote, but … she figured someone at the polling place would tell him if he was ineligible. When no one stopped him, he voted.”[713]Sam Levine, “She Helped Her Boyfriend Register To Vote. Now She’s Going To Prison For It,” huffpost.com, February 8, 2019

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Denslo Allen Paige
Case Number: 5:18-CR-00298-2-FL
Indictment, Sentencing Hearing Transcript and Court Records
Type of Election:
Aiding a Non-US Citizen to Vote

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
No effect on Congressional or Presidential elections
152.Election Year: 2016
Name: Jose Jaime Ramiro-Torres
Party Affiliation: Democrat[714]According to the North Carolina State Board of Elections “Voter Search” page at vt.ncsbe.gov, accessed April 28, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Jose Jaime Ramiro-Torres pleaded guilty on 10/19/2018 to one count of knowingly voting while ineligible (alien voting) in relation to an offense committed in 2016.[715]Court Listener, “United States v. Ramiro-Torres (2:18-cr-00029),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 28, 2022 Ramiro-Torres was sentenced on 1/16/2019 to a $100 fine plus a $25 special assessment fee.[716]Court Listener, “United States v. Ramiro-Torres (2:18-cr-00029),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 28, 2022
“Jose Jaime Ramiro-Torres, was an alien born in San Salvador, El Salvador. On March 21, 1990,… Ramiro-Torres, was granted lawful permanent resident status in the United States … Ramiro-Torres, has neither applied for United States citizenship, nor been naturalized as a United States citizen, nor has met the criteria for derivation of United States citizenship. On June 10, 2011,… Ramiro-Torres, registered to vote in North Carolina and attested under the penalty of perjury that he was a citizen of the United States. … Ramiro-Torres, voted in the General Election of 2016.”[717]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina, United States of America v. Jose Jaime Ramiro-Torres – Case Number: 5:18-CR-00029-1-BO – Information, Charge, and … Continue reading

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Jose Jaime Ramiro-Torres
Case Number: 5:18-CR-00029-1-BO
Information, Charge, Affidavit, and Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Democratic vote
153.Election Year: 2016
Name: Daniel Tudeusz Romanowski
Party Affiliation: Democrat[718]According to the North Carolina State Board of Elections “Voter Search” page at vt.ncsbe.gov, accessed April 28, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Daniel Tudeusz Romanowski pleaded guilty on 11/19/2018 to one count of voting while ineligible (alien voting) in relation to offenses committed in 2012 and 2016.[719]Court Listener, “United States v. Romanowski (5:18-cr-00326),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 28, 2022 Romanowski was sentenced on 2/19/2019 to one year of probation, the first two months to be spent under house arrest, a $1,200 fine and a $25 special assessment fee.[720]Court Listener, “United States v. Romanowski (5:18-cr-00326),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 28, 2022
“Daniel Tudeusz Romanowski, was an alien born in Wroclaw, Poland. On November 8, 2004,… Romanowski, was granted lawful permanent resident status in the United States … Romanowski, has neither applied for United States citizenship, nor been naturalized as a United States citizen,… On September 12, 2012, the North Carolina Board of Elections registered … Romanowski, to vote despite not having answered the question in his voter registration application as to whether he was a United States citizen. … Romanowski, voted in the General Elections of 2012 and 2016.”[721]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina, United States of America v. Daniel Tudeusz Romanowski – Case Number: 5:18-CR-00326-1D – Information, Charge, and … Continue reading

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Daniel Tudeusz Romanowski
Case Number: 5:18-CR-00326-1D
Information, Charge, Affidavit, Judgement, Sentencing Hearing Transcript, and Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Democratic vote
154.Election Year: 2016
Name: Kaoru Sauls, also known as Kaoru Wada
Party Affiliation: Democrat[722]According to the North Carolina State Board of Elections “Voter Search” page at vt.ncsbe.gov, accessed April 28, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Kaoru Sauls pleaded guilty on 3/22/2019 to one count of knowingly voting while ineligible (alien voting) in relation to an offense committed in November 2016; one further count of making a false statement in order to register to vote was dismissed.[723]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina, United States of America v. Kaoru Sauls a/k/a Kaoru Wada – Case Number: 5:18-CR-00131-1BO (1) – Indictment and Judgement Sauls was sentenced on the same day to a $100 fine and a $10 special assessment fee.[724]Court Listener, “United States v. Sauls (7:18-cr-00131),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 28, 2022
“On or about November 8, 2016, in the Eastern District of North Carolina, the defendant, Kaoru Sauls; also known as “Kaoru Wada,” an alien, knowing she was not a United states citizen, did knowingly vote in an election held in part for the purpose of electing a candidate for the office of President, Vice President, and Member of the House of Representatives, in violation of Title 18, United States Code, Section 611 (a).”[725]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina, United States of America v. Kaoru Sauls a/k/a Kaoru Wada – Case Number: 5:18-CR-00131-1BO (1) – Indictment

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Kaoru Sauls a/k/a Kaoru Wada
Case Number: 5:18-CR-00131-1BO (1)
Indictment, Judgement, and Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Democratic vote
155.Election Year: 2016
Name: Dalton Shane Smith
Party Affiliation: Republican[726]Email response on July 16, 2021, from the Moore County Board of Elections and North Carolina State Board of Elections “Voter Search” page at vt.ncsbe.gov, accessed April 22, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Dalton Shane Smith was found guilty in April 2017 of one felony count of voter fraud, in relation to an offense committed during the 2016 presidential election cycle.[727]Jaymie Baxley, “Two Convicted of Felony Voter Fraud,” thepilot.com, April 28, 2017 Smith “was given an active sentence of at least 30 months behind bars. Jennifer Cooper, an administrative assistant for the state Judicial Branch, said Smith’s sentence includes time for unrelated charges.”[728]Jaymie Baxley, “Two Convicted of Felony Voter Fraud,” thepilot.com, April 28, 2017
“District Attorney Maureen Krueger announced Wednesday [4/26/2017] that two men were found guilty of felony voter fraud in Moore County. Dalton Shane Smith,… [was] indicted by a grand jury in February after the District Attorney’s Office conducted an investigation into illegal voting in the 2016 Presidential election. … Glenda Clendenin, director of the Moore County Board of Elections, said the residents did not disclose they were on probation for felony offenses when they cast their ballots. Federal law prohibits felony offenders from voting while they are incarcerated, on parole or on probation. … Smith was convicted last year of felony breaking and entering.”[729]Jaymie Baxley, “Two Convicted of Felony Voter Fraud,” thepilot.com, April 28, 2017

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not Found
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
156.Election Year: 2016
Name: Dieudonne Soifils
Party Affiliation: Democrat[730]VoterRecords.com, “Dieadonne Soifils’s North Carolina Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on June 7, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Dieudonne Soifils pleaded guilty on 10/16/2018[731]Court Listener, “United States v. Soifils (4:18-cr-00045),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 28, 2022 to one count of knowingly voting while ineligible (alien voting) in relation to an offense committed in November 2016.[732]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina, United States of America v. Dieudonne Soifils – Case Number: 5:18-CR-00045-1FL – Information, Charge, Affidavit Soifils was sentenced on 2/7/2019 to one year of probation and a $25 special assessment fee.[733]Court Listener, “United States v. Soifils (4:18-cr-00045),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 28, 2022
“A Haitian-born man living in Washington was sentenced to a year of probation and a $25 fine for voting illegally. … [Dieudonne] Soifils registered to vote in Beaufort County on Sept. 17, 1999, but did not vote until the 2012 election, and not again until 2016, according to Kellie Harris Hopkins, director of Beaufort County Board of Elections. … Hopkins said Soifils came into the local Board of Elections and requested he be removed from the voter rolls on April 24, 2017, after the U.S. Attorney’s investigation began. ‘He did come in. When he came in and removed himself, he said he didn’t realize (he could not vote)’ Hopkins said. ‘From what I understand, he was here legally, he just wasn’t a citizen.'”[734]Vail Stewart Rumley, “Beaufort County Man Gets Probation for Illegal Votes in 2012, 2016,” thewashingtondailynews.com, February 12, 2019

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Dieudonne Soifils
Case Number: 5:18-CR-00045-1FL
Information, Charge, Affidavit and Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Democratic vote
157.Election Year: 2016
Name: Jose Cruz Solano-Rodriguez
Party Affiliation: Democrat[735]According to the North Carolina State Board of Elections “Voter Search” page at vt.ncsbe.gov, accessed April 28, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Jose Cruz Solano-Rodriguez pleaded guilty on 10/18/2018 to one count of knowingly voting while ineligible (alien voting) in relation to an offense committed in November 2016; one further count of making a false statement in order to register to vote was dismissed.[736]Court Listener, “United States v. Solano-Rodriguez (5:18-cr-00293),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 28, 2022 and United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina, … Continue reading Solano-Rodriguez was sentenced on 1/17/2019 to a $100 fine and a $25 special assessment fee.[737]Court Listener, “United States v. Solano-Rodriguez (5:18-cr-00293),” courtlistener.com, accessed on April 28, 2022
“On or about November 8, 2016, in the Eastern District of North Carolina, the defendant, Jose Cruz Solano-Rodriguez, an alien, knowing he was not a United states citizen, did knowingly vote in an election held in part for the purpose of electing a candidate for the office of President, Vice President, and Member of the House of Representatives, in violation of Title 18, United States Code, Section 611 (a).”[738]United States District Court, Eastern District of North Carolina, United States of America v. Jose Cruz Solano-Rodriguez – Case Number: 5:18-CR-00293-1BO – Indictment

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Jose Cruz Solano-Rodriguez
Case Number: 5:18-CR-00293-1BO
Indictment, Judgement, and Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Democratic vote
158.Election Year: 2016
Name: Dora Maybe Damatta-Rodriguez, also known as Dora Maybe Rodriguez-De Alejo
Party Affiliation: Republican[739]VoterRecords.com, “Dora May Damatta’s North Carolina Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on June 1, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Dora Maybe Damatta-Rodriguez was charged on 7/31/2018 with one count of knowlingly making a false statement in order to register to vote and one count of knowingly voting in an election when ineligible (alien voting), in relation to offenses committed between September and November 2016.[740]United States District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina Southern Division, “United States of America v. Dora Maybe Damatta-Rodriguez, a/k/a “Dora Maybe Rodriguez-De Alejo, … Continue reading For charge two (voting while ineligible), Damatta-Rodriguez was sentenced on 4/11/2018 to 14 days imprisonment, one year of supervised release, and a fine of $500 plus a $25 special assessment fee; as part of a plea agreement, charge one was dismissed.[741]CourtListener, “United States v. Damatta-Rodriguez (7:18-cr-00133),” courtlistener.com, accessed on June 1, 2022
“Dora Maybe Damata-Rodriguez, of Panama, pleaded guilty to one count of voting by an alien. She was one of nineteen non-citizens prosecuted in the Eastern District of North Carolina for illegally voting in the 2016 election. Damata-Rodriguez also faced a second charge that she falsely claimed citizenship in order to register to vote, but that charge was dropped as part of a plea agreement.”[742]Heritage Foundation, “Voter Fraud Report – Dora Maybe Damata-Rodriguez,” heritage.org, accessed on June 1, 2022

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Dora Maybe Damatta-Rodriguez, a/k/a “Dora Maybe Rodriguez-De Alejo”
Case Number: 5:18-CR-133-IFL(3)
Indictment
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
159.Election Year: 2016
Name: Elizabeth Nene Amachaghi
Party Affiliation: Republican[743]VoterRecords.com, “Elizabeth N Amachaghi’s North Carolina Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on June 1, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Elizabeth Nene Amachaghi was charged on 7/31/2018 with one count of knowlingly making a false statement in order to register to vote and one count of knowingly voting in an election when ineligible (alien voting), in relation to offenses committed in November 2016.[744]United States District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina Western Division, “United States of America v. Elizabeth Nene Amachaghi, Case Number: 5:18-CR-297-IFL(1) – … Continue reading Amachaghi pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor charge and was sentenced on 2/14/2019 to a $200 fine.[745]Amy Gardner, “North Carolina Elections Officials Will Give U.S. Attorney Vastly Fewer Records Than He Sought in Voter Probe,” washingtonpost.com, February 14, 2019
“Eight immigrants in North Carolina have pleaded guilty to misdemeanor charges that they improperly voted, but none have received prison time. … Two of those who have pleaded guilty were sentenced Thursday [2/14/2019] in federal magistrate court in New Bern, N.C.,… Both women – Elizabeth Amachaghi, originally from Nigeria, and Olive Martin, originally from Guyana — are legal permanent residents and said they did not know they were not allowed to cast ballots. They presented their green cards when they registered to vote, according to their attorney.”[746]Amy Gardner, “North Carolina Elections Officials Will Give U.S. Attorney Vastly Fewer Records Than He Sought in Voter Probe,” washingtonpost.com, February 14, 2019

Case Notes:
United States of America v. Elizabeth Nene Amachaghi
Case Number: 5:18-CR-297-IFL(1)
Indictment
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Republican

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Republican vote
160.Election Year: 2016
Name: Lanisha Diresha Brachter, also known as Lanisha Bratcher Jones, and Lanisha Diresha Jones
Party Affiliation: Democrat[747]VoterRecords.com, “Lanisha Diresha Jones’s North Carolina Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on June 1, 2022

Offense and Sentencing:
Lanisha Diresha Brachter was charged on 6/8/2020 with one felony count each of false swearing on a voter registration application and false swearing on a “one stop” voting application, in relation to offenses committed in March and November 2016.[748]State of North Carolina, County of Hoke, State of North Carolina v. Lanisha D. Bratcher, Case Number: 2017-200 (Hoke County) – Indictment Brachter pleaded guilty to a reduced misdemeanor charge as part of a plea agreement and was sentenced to six months of unsupervised probation.[749]Sara Pequeno, “From Someone Who Knows About Voter Fraud, Meadows Isn’t ‘Above the Law’,” greensboro.com, March 13, 2022
“In 2019, [Lanisha] Jones was one of four Hoke County residents charged with felony voter fraud from the 2016 election after ballots were cross-referenced with criminal records. Jones had served time in prison for a felony and was out on probation. Under North Carolina law, she wasn’t allowed to vote. No one told her that when she registered.”[750]Sara Pequeno, “From Someone Who Knows About Voter Fraud, Meadows Isn’t ‘Above the Law’,” greensboro.com, March 13, 2022

Case Notes:
State of North Carolina v. Lanisha D. Bratcher
Case Number: 2017-200 (Hoke County)
Indictment
Type of Election:
Primary and Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Democrat

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal Democratic vote in each of the Primary and Presidential elections

Return to Summary Chart

NORTH DAKOTA – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
161.Election Year: 2016
Name: Hannan Yassin Aboubaker
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in North Dakota[751]According to the Cass County Finance Director, in a response to emails on 3/16/2021, North Dakota is the only state in the union without voter registration, and the state does not track the party of … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Hannan Yassin Aboubaker pleaded guilty on 11/25/2018 to one misdemeanor count of voting twice in the 2016 election.[752]John Hageman, “Minnesota Woman Pleads Guilty in Rare North Dakota Double Voting Case,” inforum.com, September 25, 2018 Aboubaker “entered an Alford plea, meaning she contends she’s innocent of the crime but admits the prosecution has enough evidence to convict her.”[753]Deena Winter, “Shakopee Woman Pleads Guilty to Voting Twice in 2016 Election,” swnewsmedia.com, October 22, 2018 Aboubaker was placed on six months of probation.[754]Deena Winter, “Shakopee Woman Pleads Guilty to Voting Twice in 2016 Election,” swnewsmedia.com, October 22, 2018 If Aboubaker refrains from committing any crimes during her period of probation, “the guilty plea can be withdrawn, the case dismissed and file sealed under the law.”[755]Deena Winter, “Shakopee Woman Pleads Guilty to Voting Twice in 2016 Election,” swnewsmedia.com, October 22, 2018
“A Minnesota woman pleaded guilty to voting twice during the 2016 election … According to an incident report included in the court file, [Hannan Yassin] Aboubaker submitted an absentee ballot for the 2016 general election in Minnesota’s Scott County, where Shakopee is located southwest of the Twin Cities, while living in Fargo. She had a friend witness the ballot before sending it in, but later believed that the ballot would be voided because her friend was not a U.S. citizen. Aboubaker then voted at the Fargo Public Library ‘since she believed her absentee ballot for Minnesota was null and void,’ according to the incident report.”[756]John Hageman, “Minnesota Woman Pleads Guilty in Rare North Dakota Double Voting Case,” inforum.com, September 25, 2018

Case Notes:
Case Number: Not found[757]In May 2019, two months after successfully completing six months of probation, Aboubaker’s case was likely dismissed and the file sealed due to an Alford Plea agreement. Source: Deena Winter, … Continue reading
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown
162.Election Year: 2016
Name: Dale Monte Larsen
Party Affiliation: Party Affiliation is not tracked in North Dakota[758]According to the Cass County Finance Director, in a response to emails on 3/16/2021, North Dakota is the only state in the union without voter registration, and the state does not track the party of … Continue reading

Offense and Sentencing:
Dale Monte Larsen was charged on 5/11/2017 with one misdemeanor count of voter fraud[759]North Dakota Courts Records Inquiry, “Register of Actions – Case No. 07-2017-CR-00031,” publicsearch.ndcourts.gov, accessed on June2, 2022 for voting twice in the November 2016 election.[760]John Hageman, “Diversion Agreement Reached in Rare North Dakota Voter Fraud Case,” bismarcktribune.com, September 15, 2017 As part of a deal approved by a District Judge on 9/12/2017, Larsen entered a diversion program.[761]John Hageman, “Diversion Agreement Reached in Rare North Dakota Voter Fraud Case,” bismarcktribune.com, September 15, 2017
“Dale Monte Larsen was charged with voter fraud … for allegedly voting in Burke and Ward counties during the 2016 election. … Larsen told a Burke County deputy sheriff that he started filling out paperwork in Bowbells, the Burke County seat, ‘quite a bit before the election’ but it took too long and he left … He didn’t turn in a ballot and didn’t vote twice, he told Deputy Sheriff Samuel Mueller. But information from auditors in Ward and Burke counties showed Larsen ‘was allowed to vote in Burke County by absentee ballot and voted in person in Kenmare,’ which is in Ward County.”[762]John Hageman, “Diversion Agreement Reached in Rare North Dakota Voter Fraud Case,” bismarcktribune.com, September 15, 2017

Case Notes:
State of North Dakota v. Dale Monte Larsen
Case Number: 07-2017-CR-00031
Court Records
Type of Election:
Presidential

Party Affiliation:
Not Found

Theoretical Election Effect:
1 illegal vote, party unknown

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OHIO – Convictions for Voter Fraud

A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Potential Election Impact
163.Election Year: 2020
Name: Edward D. Snodgrass
Party Affiliation: Republican[763]VoterRecords.com, “Edward David Snodgrass’s Ohio Voter Registration,” voterrecords.com, accessed on April 28, 2022