Category 1 – DRAFT – 53 Voter Fraud Convictions (so far) Since 2016

Last updated June 2021

Since 2012, Donald Trump and many others, mainly from the political right, and specifically in the third quarter of 2020 and continuing into 2021, have said that there was substantial voter fraud in the US 2016, 2018 and 2020 elections. Further, they have said but for that fraud Trump would have won the popular vote in the 2016 election, and would have won the 2020 election and be president today.

To gain an objective view of the voter fraud claims related to the 2016 general election, the 2018 midterm election, and 2020 general election, this section charts all voter fraud convictions (including fraudulently voting and registering to vote, and facilitating or attempting to vote) from the 2016 to 2020 elections, with a focus on voting fraud concerning the congressional or presidential election results.

The information below has come from the Google, the Heritage Foundation Election Fraud Database, and other sources. We have included our own summaries.

This is marked draft because we believe there are more convictions that fit the criteria, and we are still looking for the party affiliation of some of the defendants.


Chart: 53 Voter Fraud Convictions

  1. Arizona – 2 convictions
  2. Arkansas – 1 Conviction
  3. California – 7 Convictions
  4. Colorado – 2 Convictions
  5. Illinois – 3 Convictions
  6. Louisiana – 1 Conviction
  7. Michigan – 1 Conviction
  8. Minnesota – 2 Convictions
  9. Nevada – 1 Conviction
  10. New Hampshire – 5 Convictions
  11. North Carolina – 13 Convictions
  12. North Dakota – 1 Conviction
  13. Ohio – 1 Conviction
  14. Oklahoma – 2 Convictions
  15. Pennsylvania – 1 Conviction
  16. Texas – 4 Convictions
  17. Virginia – 2 Convictions
  18. Washington – 2 Convictions
  19. Wisconsin – 2 Convictions

Total : 53

Given our limited resources, it may take some time to update the information in the chart.

 
ARIZONA – Convictions for Voter Fraud
A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Possible Effect on
Elections if Fraud
Not Caught
12016 Election Fraud: Richard John Greenfield [Republican] pleaded guilty in Pima County, Arizona, in August 2019 to "one felony count of Attempted Illegal Voting" for voting in Pima County, Arizona, and Washoe County, Nevada, in the 2016 general election.

-Case # ___
-Rogelio Mares, "Arizona man gets probation for voting twice in 2016 election," kgun9.com, October 4, 2019

"Attorney General Mark Brnovich announced 80-year-old Richard John Greenfield was sentenced to two years of probation for voting twice in the 2016 General Election....In August 2019, Greenfield pleaded guilty to one felony count of Attempted Illegal Voting. He admitted that he voted once in Pima County, Arizona and once in Washoe County, Nevada....Greenfield’s conduct was initially identified and referred to the Attorney General's Office by the Arizona Secretary of State’s Office in 2018."

-Katie Conner, "Arizona Man Sentenced to Two Years Probation for Voter Fraud," azag.gov, October 3, 2019

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
22016 Election Fraud: Randy Allen Jumper [No-party affiliation] pleaded guilty in Pima County, Arizona, on 6/15/2020 "to one felony count of Attempted Illegal Voting" for voting in Pima County, Arizona, and Washoe County, Nevada, in the 2016 general election.

-Case # CR-2019-3452-001
-Indictment, azag.gov, accessed June 6, 2021; Katie Conner, "Former Tucson Man Sentenced for Double Voting in 2016 Election," azag.gov, July 22, 2020

"Attorney General Mark Brnovich announced 62-year-old Randy Allen Jumper, of Incline Village, Nev., was sentenced on Monday to three years of probation for voting twice by mail in the 2016 General Election....Jumper pleaded guilty to one felony count of Attempted Illegal Voting. He admitted that he voted once in Pima County, Arizona by mail and once in Washoe County, Nevada....The Arizona Attorney General’s Office investigated and prosecuted this case after receiving a referral from the Arizona Secretary of State’s Office in 2018."

-Katie Conner, "Former Tucson Man Sentenced for Double Voting in 2016 Election," azag.gov, July 22, 2020


According to a 7/2/2020 TucsonSentinel.com article, Jumper was a registered Republican at one time and changed the status to a no-party affiliation in recent years.

-Dylan Smith, "Former Tucson man pleads guilty to illegal voting in 2016 election," tucsonsentinel.com, July 2, 2020

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
ARKANSAS – Convictions for Voter Fraud
A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Possible Effect on
Elections if Fraud
Not Caught
32016 Election Fraud: David Lee Pruitt [Unaffiliated] pleaded guilty on 8/2/2016 to a "reduced Charge of misdemeanor violation of election law" in Beebe, Arkansas, for "voting twice in the March [2016] preferential primary."

-Case # ___
-KnowYourVote, TheKnow.io, accessed 5/20/2021; The Associated Press (KTHV), "Beebe alderman pleads guilty to violating election law," thv11.com, August 4, 2016; The Arkansas Leader, "EDITORIAL >> Farrer goes the distance," arkansasleader.blogspot.com, April 15, 2016; David Ramsey, "Beebe alderman accepts plea deal and pays $750 fine for violating election law," arktimes.com, August 4, 2016

"David Pruitt, a Beebe alderman charged with violating election law by voting twice in the March [2016] preferential primary, pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor as part of a negotiated plea deal, the Daily Citizen reports. Pruitt cast a ballot both during early voting and on election day."

-David Ramsey, "Beebe alderman accepts plea deal and pays $750 fine for violating election law," arktimes.com, August 4, 2016

None
If the crime had not been discovered, there would have been no effect on the 2016 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
CALIFORNIA – Convictions for Voter Fraud
A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Possible Effect on
Elections if Fraud
Not Caught
42016 Election Fraud: Gustavo Araujo Lerma [Republican] was convicted by a jury in Sacramento, California, on identity theft and five counts of alien voter fraud, which included voting in a 2016 election.

-Case # ___
-Bureau of Diplomatic Security, "Illegal Alien Residing in Sacramento Sentenced for Aggravated Identity Theft, Passport Fraud, and Voting by an Alien," state.gov, December 10, 2019; Reuters, "Jury convicts Mexican national of voter fraud – with a twist," mercurynews.com, August 24, 2019

"Gustavo Araujo Lerma was found guilty back in August [2019] of aggravated identity theft, making a false statement on a passport application and five counts of voting by an alien in federal elections from 2012 through 2016."

-CBS Sacramento, "Mexican National Convicted Of Voter Fraud Sentenced To 3 Years In Prison," sacramento.cbslocal.com, 12/10/2019


"A federal court jury in Sacramento returned the guilty verdict against Gustavo Araujo Lerma, 64, after several hours of deliberation, capping a five-day trial in which defense lawyers presented letters of thanks from Trump and top Republican Party officials....Federal prosecutors made no assertions about who Lerma voted for in those races, but the defense acknowledged he was a registered Republican."

-Reuters, "Jury convicts Mexican national of voter fraud – with a twist," mercurynews.com, August 24, 2019

1
Probably one illegal vote for Trump.
If the crime was not caught, Trump probably would have received one illegal vote in the 2016 General Election as the defendant was a registered Republican
52016/2018 Election Fraud: Norman Hall [Unknown party affiliation] pleaded guilty in Los Angeles County, California, on 2/19/2020 "to one count of circulating a petition with false names" in the 2016 and 2018 election cycles.

-Case # BA475943
-Court Documents (may include Charge and/or Disposition) PDF
-Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office, "Four Plead to Voter Fraud Scheme on Skid Row," da.lacounty.gov, July 29, 2020; Hannah Fry, Marisa Gerber, "Election fraud scheme on L.A.'s skid row got homeless to sign fake names for cigarettes and cash, D.A. says," latimes.com, November 20, 2018

"A 62-year-old man pleaded guilty today for his role in a scheme where money and cigarettes were allegedly offered to homeless people on Skid Row in exchange for false and forged signatures on ballot petitions and voter registration forms, the Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office announced today. Norman Hall (dob 11/1/57) entered his plea to one count of circulating a petition with false names. He was immediately sentenced to one year in county jail, placed on formal probation for three years and must complete 100 hours of community service...."

-Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office, "Man Pleads Guilty in Voter Fraud Scheme on Skid Row," da.lacounty.gov, February 19, 2020

1
While the crime was about both ballot initiatives and voter registration forms, had the crime for the ballot initiatives not been discovered, there would have been no effect on the 2016 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races, but the fraudulent voter registration forms, if the crime had not been caught, may have led to at least 1 vote being cast in the 2016 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races.
62016/2018 Election Fraud: Richard Howard [Party affiliation not found] pleaded no contest in Los Angeles, County, on 7/24/2020 to felony "subscribing a fictitious name, or the name of another to an initiative petition and registration of a fictitious person" during the 2016 and 2018 election cycles.

-Case # ___
--Court Documents (may include Charge and/or Disposition) PDF
- Hannah Fry, Marisa Gerber, "Election fraud scheme on L.A.'s skid row got homeless to sign fake names for cigarettes and cash, D.A. says," latimes.com, November 20, 2018

"Four men have admitted their role in a scheme where money and cigarettes were offered to homeless people on Skid Row in exchange for false and forged signatures on ballot petitions and voter registration forms…Richard Howard (dob 1/12/56)…pleaded no contest Friday to one felony count each of subscribing a fictitious name, or the name of another to an initiative petition and registration of a fictitious person....Howard was immediately sentenced to a suspended sentence of three years in state prison and three years of formal probation....The indictment indicates the crimes occurred during the 2016 and 2018 election cycles."

-Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office, "Four Plead to Voter Fraud Scheme on Skid Row," da.lacounty.gov, July 29, 2020



"The petitions related to the May arrests concerned clean air and water, Long Beach hotel workers and a Sheriff’s Department oversight commission, police said. Investigators said they have found no connection to the lobbyists that hired the signature collectors or to the political campaigns behind the initiatives. The signature gatherers do not appear to be politically motivated, [Officer Deon] Joseph said."

-Gale Holland, "LAPD cracks down on use of homeless people for ballot initiative fraud on skid row," latimes.com, September 28, 2018

1
While the crime was about both ballot initiatives and voter registration forms, had the crime for the ballot initiatives not been discovered, there would have been no effect on the 2016 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races, but the fraudulent voter registration forms, if the crime had not been caught, may have led to at least 1 vote being cast in the 2016 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races.
72016 and 2018 Election Fraud: Louis Thomas Wise [Party affiliation not found] pleaded no contest in Los Angeles County, California, on 7/24/2021 to felony "subscribing a fictitious name, or the name of another to an initiative petition and registration of a fictitious person" during the 2016 and 2018 election cycles.

-Case # ___
-Court Documents (may include Charge and/or Disposition) PDF
-Hannah Fry, Marisa Gerber, "Election fraud scheme on L.A.'s skid row got homeless to sign fake names for cigarettes and cash, D.A. says," latimes.com, November 20, 2018

"Four men have admitted their role in a scheme where money and cigarettes were offered to homeless people on Skid Row in exchange for false and forged signatures on ballot petitions and voter registration forms, the Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office announced today.
Richard Howard (dob 1/12/56) and Louis Thomas Wise (dob 8/4/82) pleaded no contest Friday to one felony count each of subscribing a fictitious name, or the name of another to an initiative petition and registration of a fictitious person....Wise was sentenced to a suspended sentence of 16 months in state prison and three years of formal probation.....The indictment indicates the crimes occurred during the 2016 and 2018 election cycles."

-Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office, "Four Plead to Voter Fraud Scheme on Skid Row," da.lacounty.gov, July 29, 2020

1
While the crime was about both ballot initiatives and voter registration forms, had the crime for the ballot initiatives not been discovered, there would have been no effect on the 2016 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races, but the fraudulent voter registration forms, if the crime had not been caught, may have led to at least 1 vote being cast in the 2016 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races.
82016/2018 Election Fraud: Harold Bennett [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty in in the Los Angeles County, California, on 9/1/2020 "to one felony count each of circulating an initiative or petition containing false, forged or fictitious names, and registering a fictitious person" 2016 and 2018 election cycles.

-Case # ___
-Court Documents (may include Charge and/or Disposition) PDF
-"Pair Plead to Voter Fraud Scheme on Skid Row," AVDailyNews.com, September 1, 2020


"A man and a woman pleaded guilty today for their role in a scheme where money and cigarettes were offered to homeless people on Skid Row in exchange for false and forged signatures on ballot petitions and voter registration forms, the Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office announced. Harold Bennett (dob 4/17/65) entered his plea to one felony count each of circulating an initiative or petition containing false, forged or fictitious names, and registering a fictitious person. He was immediately sentenced to a suspended sentence of 16 months in state prison and placed on formal probation for three years....The crimes occurred during the 2016 and 2018 election cycles."

-AV Daily News, "Pair Plead to Voter Fraud Scheme on Skid Row," avdailynews.com, September 1, 2020

1
While the crime was about both ballot initiatives and voter registration forms, had the crime for the ballot initiatives not been discovered, there would have been no effect on the 2016 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races, but the fraudulent voter registration forms, if the crime had not been caught, may have led to at least 1 vote being cast in the 2016 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races.
92016/2018 Election Fraud: Rose Sweeney [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty on 9/1/2020 "to two felony counts of circulating an initiative or petition containing false, forged or fictitious names" in the Los Angeles County, California, 2016 and 2018 election cycles.

-Case # ___
-Court Documents (may include Charge and/or Disposition) PDF
-AV Daily News, "Pair Plead to Voter Fraud Scheme on Skid Row," avdailynews.com, September 1, 2020

"A man and a woman pleaded guilty today for their role in a scheme where money and cigarettes were offered to homeless people on Skid Row in exchange for false and forged signatures on ballot petitions and voter registration forms, the Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office announced....Co-defendant Rose Sweeney (dob 12/11/75) pleaded guilty to two felony counts of circulating an initiative or petition containing false, forged or fictitious names. She was placed on formal probation for three years....The crimes occurred during the 2016 and 2018 election cycles."

-AV Daily News, "Pair Plead to Voter Fraud Scheme on Skid Row," avdailynews.com, September 1, 2020

1
While the crime was about both ballot initiatives and voter registration forms, had the crime for the ballot initiatives not been discovered, there would have been no effect on the 2016 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races, but the fraudulent voter registration forms, if the crime had not been caught, may have led to at least 1 vote being cast in the 2016 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races.
102018 Election Fraud: April Atilano [Party affiliation not found] from Monterey County, California, pleaded guilty on 3/6/2020 to six counts of felony voter fraud for falsifying voter registration forms in Madera County, California, in the 2018 election cycle.

-Case # ___
-SNO Staff, "Update: Woman Sentenced to Year in Jail for Election Fraud," sierranewsonline.com, April 16, 2020; Alex Tavlian, "Woman sentenced in Madera Co. voter fraud scheme over falsified voter registrations," sjvsun.com, April 19, 2020


"...April Atilano, 30, received the 364-day sentence on April 9th from Superior Court Judge Michael Jerkovich....In 2018, Atilano was hired by a private company to register residents of Madera County to vote. After contacting residents, Atilano unlawfully changed some residents’ information, including party affiliation, and then she forged their signatures on the registration form.
Martinez and her staff immediately recognized the voter registration cards appeared to have forged signatures and notified the Madera County District Attorney and the California Secretary of State’s office."

-SNO Staff, "Update: Woman Sentenced to Year in Jail for Election Fraud," SierraNewsOnline.com, April 16, 2020


"The affected voters were also contacted, and many confirmed they had not tried to re-register and did not want to change their party affiliation as the cards indicated. Martinez explains, 'Most of the cards that were turned in to us, the party had been turned to Democrat....'"

-Sara Sandrik, "Madera County woman charged with 12 counts of felony voter fraud," abc30.com, October 24, 2019

1
If this crime had not been discovered, it may have led to someone casting at least 1 vote in the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races.
COLORADO – Convictions for Voter Fraud
A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Possible Effect on
Elections if Fraud
Not Caught
112016 Election Fraud: Toni Lee Newbill [Party Affiliation Democrat / Republican] pleaded guilty in El Paso County, Colorado, in February of 2017 "to voting twice" in the 2016 Republican primary election.

-Case # ___
-Chhun Sun, "Golden woman pleads guilty to voting twice for deceased father," gazette.com, March 8, 2017; CBS Denver, "Dying To Vote: CBS4 Investigation Finds Woman Charged With Casting Dead Father’s Ballot," denver.cbslocal.com, November 7, 2016

"According to the El Paso County Clerk and Recorder's Office, Newbill attempted to cast a ballot as Ralph Nanninga, who died in 2012. A report by Denver CBS4 said Nanninga was Newbill's father and died at age 86. Denver CBS4 reported that Newbill tried to cast a ballot in her father's name in the 2013 general election and then again in last year's [2016] Republican primary election."

"According to Denver CBS4, Newbill was most recently a registered Republican but had also previously registered as a Democrat. Newbill's attorney, Chris Samuelson, told the TV station that Newbill voted for her father after she kept on receiving ballots for him."

-Chhun Sun, "Golden woman pleads guilty to voting twice for deceased father," gazette.com, March 8, 2017

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
122016 Election Fraud: Steven Curtis [Party Affiliation Republican] was convicted by a jury in Weld County, Colorado, on 3/16/2017 of voter fraud and forgery in the 2016 election.

-Case # ___
- Blair Miller, "Former Colorado GOP chairman Steven Curtis charged with voter fraud," thedenverchannel.com, March 21, 2017; Tommy Simmons, "Weld jury convicts former GOP chairman accused of voter fraud, forgery," greeleytribune.com, May 28, 2020


"Steve Curtis, the former chairman for the Colorado Republican Party, was found guilty Thursday by a Weld County jury of voter fraud and forgery. Curtis, 58, was arrested in March and accused of signing his wife’s mail-in ballot for her, which is a misdemeanor in Colorado. He was also charged with forgery of a public record, a fifth-degree felony."

-Blair Miller, "Former Colorado GOP chairman Steven Curtis charged with voter fraud," thedenverchannel.com, March 21, 2017

1
One possible illegal vote for Trump.
If the crime was not caught, Trump may have received one illegal vote in the 2016 General Election as the defendant is reported to be a Republican
ILLINOIS – Convictions for Voter Fraud
A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Possible Effect on
Elections if Fraud
Not Caught
132016 Election Fraud: Miguel Valencia-Sandoval [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty on 8/24/2017 to "three misdemeanor counts of voting in an election by an illegal immigrant, for having voted in general elections in 2012, 2014 and 2016" general election

-Case # ___
-Court Listener, "United States v. Valencia-Sandoval," courtlistener.com, accessed April 15, 2021; Tom Kacich, "Urbana man charged with living, voting in U.S. illegally," news-gazette.com, June 27, 2019

"Miguel Valencia-Sandoval, 33, of Champaign, Illinois, made his initial appearance in federal court in Urbana Thursday. The indictment charges Valencia-Sandoval with aggravated identity theft...The indictment also charges Valencia-Sandoval with allegedly making a false claim of U.S. citizenship to vote in November 2016, aggravated identity theft, and three misdemeanor counts of voting in an election by an illegal alien in November 2016, November 2014, and November 2012."

-ICE Office of Public Affairs, "2 Illinois men charged with aggravated identity theft, making false claims to US citizenship, other related crimes," ice.gov, February 9, 2017

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
142016 Election Fraud: Marvin Hershman [Party affiliation not found] pleaded nolo contendere in Lake County, Illinois, on 3/21/2018 for "disregarding election code" in the 2016 general election by voting in Lake and Cook counties.

-Case # ___
-Lee Filas, "Five plead not guilty to Lake County voter fraud allegations," dailyherald.com, March 21, 2018; The Heritage Foundation, "Election Fraud Cases," heritage.org, accessed May 20, 2021

"Marvin Hershman, 89, of Riverwoods, and Janet Pokryfke, 69, of Mundelein, also pleaded not guilty to charges of voting more than once and one count of perjury. Hershman is accused of voting once in Lake County, and again in Cook County, while Pokryfke is accused of voting twice in Lake County."

-Lee Filas, "Five plead not guilty to Lake County voter fraud allegations," DailyHerald.com, March 21, 2018


"He took a plea of convenience (nolo contendere) of disregarding election code and was sentenced to four months' imprisonment and ordered to pay a fine of $657."

-The Heritage Foundation, "Election Fraud Cases," heritage.org, accessed May 20, 2021

1
Even if this crime had not been discovered, it may have affected the 2016, 2018-midterm or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
152016 Election Fraud: Audrey Cook [Party affiliation not found] whose illegal ballot was marked for Trump in September 2016 although "the ballot was never opened or submitted," according to Madison County State’s Attorney Tom Gibbons, pleaded guilty on 6/8/2017 to misdemeanor; attempted violation of election code in Madison County, Illinois

-Case # ___
-Elizabeth Donald, "Charge: Local election judge, 88, sent in dead husband’s ballot," BND.com, November 4, 2016; Sanford J. Schmidt, "88-year-old Alton woman pleads to casting Trump vote for dead husband," thetelegraph.com, June 8, 2017



"An Alton woman originally charged with a felony for signing an election document for her dead husband pleaded guilty Thursday to a misdemeanor with no fine or costs.
Audrey Cook, 88, pleaded guilty to attempted violation of election code in exchange for a prosecution agreement to drop a felony charge of perjury under the Election Code. The perjury charge alleged she forged the name of the late Virtus 'Vic' Cook on a document while serving as an election judge in Alton. After the plea, Cook said she was distraught at the time and that she knew that her husband had voted absentee for Donald Trump...."

-Sanford J. Schmidt, "88-year-old Alton woman pleads to casting Trump vote for dead husband," thetelegraph.com, June 8, 2017

1
One illegal vote for Trump.
If the crime was not caught, Trump would have received one illegal vote in the 2016 General Election as the defendant is reported to have said the vote was for Trump
LOUISIANA – Convictions for Voter Fraud
A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Possible Effect on
Elections if Fraud
Not Caught
162018 Election Fraud: Delores "Dee" Handy [Party affiliation not found] was convicted in Lafayette Parish, Louisiana, on 9/2/2020 for "purposely failing to mark an elderly voter’s ballot in the manner dictated by said voter" on 9/6/2018 and 9/10/2018

-Case # ___
-Crowley Post-Signal, "Handy Sentenced In Election Fraud Case," crowleypostsignal.com, October 1, 2020



"A Crowley woman has been sentenced in 15th Judicial District Court for election fraud. Delores 'Dee' Handy, 69, of West Seventh Street, was convicted in Early September for 'purposely failing to mark an elderly voter’s ballot in the manner dictated by said voter.'"

-Crowley Post-Signal, "Handy Sentenced In Election Fraud Case," crowleypostsignal.com, October 1, 2020

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
MICHIGAN – Convictions for Voter Fraud
A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Possible Effect on
Elections if Fraud
Not Caught
172020 Election Fraud: Paul Parana [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty in Wayne County, Michigan, on 1/19/2021 to "misdemeanor election law violation" for forging a ballot in the 2020 election.

-Case # ___
-Ryan Jarvi, "Canton Township Man Pleads Guilty to Misdemeanor Election Law Violation," michigan.gov, January 20, 2021

"The Canton Township man accused of forging his daughter’s signature on an absentee voter ballot in the November [2020] general election was sentenced to probation Tuesday after pleading guilty to a lesser charge. Paul Parana, 47, pleaded guilty Tuesday to a 90-day misdemeanor election law violation...Investigators found that prior to the Nov. 3 election, an absentee voter ballot addressed to Parana’s daughter arrived at his home, and rather than forward the ballot to his daughter, Parana filled out the ballot as she instructed. He then forged her name to the back of the ballot envelope and mailed it to the Canton Township Clerk’s Office."

-Ryan Jarvi, "Canton Township Man Pleads Guilty to Misdemeanor Election Law Violation," michigan.gov, January 20, 2021

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
MINNESOTA – Convictions for Voter Fraud
A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Possible Effect on
Elections if Fraud
Not Caught
182016 Election Fraud: Michelle Marie Landsteiner [Party affiliation unknown*] pleaded guilty in Blue Earth County, Minnesota, on 2/13/2017 to unlawful voting-misrepresented identity-apply for or deposit ballot or attempted vote on or about 7/27/2016.

Case # 07-CR-16-4576
-Court Documents (may include Charge and/or Disposition) PDF
-Kristine Goodrich, "Woman charged with voter fraud," mankatofreepress.com, November 23, 2016
*"Minnesota does not have political party registration. Voters are not asked to publicly declare affiliation with a political party." -Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State, sos.state.mn.us (accessed April 15, 2021)

"On or about July 27, 2016, in the County of Blue Earth, said Defendant, Michelle Marie Landsteiner did intentionally misrepresent the individual's identity in applying for a ballot, depositing a ballot in a ballot box or attempting to vote by means of a voting machine or electronic voting system....Landsteiner reported Resident 1 lives and works in Illinois and has for the last two years. She reported a ballot still comes for Resident 1 to their home address. She indicated she did not know of the process of changing the address but that as long as there was a ballot coming, Landsteiner was going to use it to vote. Landsteiner reported she had talked to Resident 1 about the ballot and that because Resident 1 wasn't there and couldn't fill out the form, Landsteiner filled it out for her."

-Court Documents (may include Charge and/or Disposition) PDF

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
192016 Election Fraud: Jeffrey Spanier [Party Affiliation unknown*] pleaded guilty in Stearns County, Minnesota, on 1/12/2018 to a "felony count of registering to vote as an ineligible voter in November 2016."

-Case # ___
*"Minnesota does not have political party registration. Voters are not asked to publicly declare affiliation with a political party." -Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State, sos.state.mn.us (accessed April 15, 2021)

"A Sartell man pleaded guilty to a voting fraud charge on Friday, according to Stearns County Court records. Jeffrey Spanier, 53, pleaded guilty to a felony count of registering to vote as an ineligible voter in November 2016....Spanier was charged after he registered to vote in Sartell in November 2016 and cast his ballot. As a convicted felon on probation, Spanier is ineligible to vote."

-Stephanie Dickrell, "Sartell man pleads guilty to voter fraud charge," sctimes.com, January 14, 2018

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
NEVADA – Convictions for Voter Fraud
A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Possible Effect on
Elections if Fraud
Not Caught
202016 Election Fraud: Patrick Duffy [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty on 6/22/2018 to "one count of Misconduct in Signing, Filing, or Altering Petition, a category 'D' felony" in Clark County, Nevada, on or between 5/26/2016 and 6/1/2016

-Case # C-18-330565-1
-Court Documents (may include Charge and/or Disposition) PDF
-Official State of Nevada Website, "Attorney General Laxalt and Secretary of State Cegavske Announce Guilty Plea for Fraudulent Voter Petition Scheme," ag.nv.gov, June 22, 2018


Press release dated 6/22/2018 from The Official State of Nevada Website: "Nevada Attorney General Adam Paul Laxalt and Secretary of State Barbara Cegavske announced that Patrick Duffy, 48, of Las Vegas, pleaded guilty on Wednesday to one count of Misconduct in Signing, Filing, or Altering Petition, a category 'D' felony. Duffy falsified the signatures of individuals on petitions to qualify the Nevada Green Party for general election ballot access in 2016, and then submitted those falsified petitions to be filed. While submitting those petitions, Duffy swore under penalty of perjury that the signatures were legitimate."

-Official State of Nevada Website, "Attorney General Laxalt and Secretary of State Cegavske Announce Guilty Plea for Fraudulent Voter Petition Scheme," ag.nv.gov, June 22, 2018

1
If this crime had not been discovered, it may have affected the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races if the Green Party candidate made it to the 2016 General Election
NEW HAMPSHIRE – Convictions for Voter Fraud
A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Possible Effect on
Elections if Fraud
Not Caught
212016 Election Fraud: Laurence Kahn [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, on 5/13/2021 to "Voting in More than One State Prohibited," a felony, after being charged on 12/23/2019 for "class B Felony for violating RSA 659:34-a for knowingly checking in at the checklist in Londonderry and casting a New Hampshire ballot, after having already cast a ballot in the same election year [2016] in Michigan."

-Case # ___
-Kate Giaquinto, "Laurence Kahn Pled Guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited," doj.nh.gov, May 14, 2021; Kate Giaquinto, "Laurence Kahn Arrested for Voting in More than One State," doj.nh.gov, December 23, 2019

"Attorney General John M. Formella announces that Laurence Kahn, age 58, of Londonderry, New Hampshire and Toivola, Michigan, pled guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited – a Class B Felony – in Rockingham County Superior Court on Thursday, May 13, 2021.
Mr. Kahn knowingly checked in at the checklist in Londonderry and cast a New Hampshire ballot, after having already cast a ballot in the same election year in Michigan during the 2016 General Election."

-Kate Giaquinto, "Laurence Kahn Pled Guilty to Voting in More than One State Prohibited," doj.nh.gov, May 14, 2021

1
Even if this crime had not been discovered, it still would have affected the 2016, Congressional or Presidential race
222016 Election Fraud: Charles Eugene Cartier Jr. [Party affiliation undeclared*] pleaded guilty in Carroll County, New Hampshire, on 1/3/2020 to felony voting more than one state prohibited during the 2016 general election.

-Case # 212-2019-CR-00124
-Court Documents (may include Charge and/or Disposition) PDF
-*Town Clerk/Tax Collector, Madison, NH in a 3/22/2021 response to email request for Party Affiliation


According to the Indictment received 3/17/2021 from the Assistant Attorney General, Election Law Unit: "THE GRAND JURORS FOR THE STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE, upon oath, present that Charles E. Cartier Jr. of Madison, New Hampshire. in the State of New Hampshire, on or about November 8, 2016, did commit the crime of Voting in More Than One State Prohibited in that, Charles Cartier, Jr., knowingly checked in at the checklist in Madison, New Hampshire and cast a New Hampshire ballot on which one or more federal or statewide offices or statewide questions were listed and also cast a ballot in the same election year in 2016 in Massachusetts where one or more federal or statewide offices or statewide questions were listed."

-Court Documents (may include Charge and/or Disposition) PDF

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
232016 Election Fraud: Grace E. Fleming [Republican for the 11/8/2016 election in Belchertown, NH; Undeclared for the 11/8/2016 election in Hampton, NH] pleaded guilty in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, on 12/16/2019 to felony voting in more than one state in the same [2016 general] election; and Nolle Prosequi to voter fraud on 12/17/2019.

-Case number 218-2018-CR-01289
-Court Documents (may include Charge and/or Disposition) PDF

According to the Indictment received 3/17/2021 from the Assistant Attorney General, Election Law Unit: "THE GRAND JURORS FOR THE STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE, upon oath, present that Grace E. Fleming of Hampton, New Hampshire. in the State of New Hampshire, on or about November 8, 2016, did commit the crime of Voting in More Than One State in the Same Election in that. Grace E. Fleming, knowingly checked in at the checklist and cast a New Hampshire ballot in Hampton for the November 8, 2016, General Election by means of submitting an absentee ballot, and said ballot contained one or more federal or statewide offices listed on the ballot, and she also cast a ballot in Belchertown, Massachusetts during the same November 8, 2016 General Election, and said ballot contained one or more federal or statewide offices listed on the out-of-state ballot."

-Court Documents (may include Charge and/or Disposition) PDF

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
242016 Election Fraud: John S. Fleming Jr. [Republican for the 11/8/2016 election in Belchertown, NH; Undeclared for the 11/8/2016 election in Hampton, NH] pleaded guilty in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, on 12/16/2019 to felony voting in more than one state in the same [2016 general] election; and Nolle Prosequi to voter fraud on 12/17/2019.

Case # 218-2018-CR-01290
-Court Documents (may include Charge and/or Disposition) PDF

According to the Indictment received 3/17/2021 from the Assistant Attorney General, Election Law Unit: "THE GRAND JURORS FOR THE STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE, upon oath, present that John S. Fleming, Jr. of Hampton, New Hampshire. in the State of New Hampshire, on or about November 8, 2016, did commit the crime of Voting in More Than One State in the Same Election in that, John S. Fleming, Jr., knowingly checked in at the checklist and cast a New Hampshire ballot in Hampton for the November 8, 2016, General Election by means of submitting an absentee ballot, and said ballot contained one or more federal or statewide offices listed on the ballot, and he also cast a ballot in Belchertown, Massachusetts during the same November 8, 2016 General Election, and said ballot contained one or more federal or statewide offices listed on the out-of-state ballot."

-Court Documents (may include Charge and/or Disposition) PDF

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
252016 Election Fraud: Spencer McKinnon [No Party checked for the 11/8/2016 election in Dracut; Unknown Party affiliation for the Durham 11/8/2016 election] pleaded Nolle Prosequi in Strafford County, New Hampshire, to misdemeanor voter fraud on 2/28/2019 to the 9/20/2018 charge of voting in more than one state in the same [2016 general] election.

Case # 219-2018-CR-00691
-Court Documents (may include Charge and/or Disposition) PDF
-Kate Spiner, "Guilty Plea and Sentencing of Spencer McKinnon for Wrongful Voting," doj.nh.gov, March 1, 2019

According to the Complaint received 3/17/2021 from the Assistant Attorney General, Election Law Unit: "And the laws of New Hampshire for which the defendant should be held to answer, in that the defendant did: register to vote on October 26, 2016 in the Town of Durham, after already casting an absentee ballot in the town of Dracut, MA on October 24, 2016. In doing so, he knowingly, signed and submitted an election day registration affidavit when registering to vote, and the affidavit contained false material information regarding his qualifications to vote. To wit, he signed an affidavit statement under the penalties of voting fraud that provided 'By registering or voting today, I am acknowledging that I am not domiciled or voting in any other state or city/town.'"

-Court Documents (may include Charge and/or Disposition) PDF

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
NORTH CAROLINA – Convictions for Voter Fraud
A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Possible Effect on
Elections if Fraud
Not Caught
262016 Election Fraud: Hyo Suk George [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty in New Hanover County, North Carolina, on 1/17/2019 to voting as a non-US citizen in the 2016 general election.

-Case # 7:18-CR-00138-1BO (7:18-CR-138-1BO)
-Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021); DocketBird, Judgment PDF, docketbird.com, (accessed April 15, 2021)

According to "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," a Department of Justice, US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, 8/24/2018 justice.gov press release: "Robert J. Higdon, Jr., United States Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina today announced that nineteen foreign nationals were charged with, among other crimes, voting by alien for their actions prior to and on November 8, 2016....Separately, criminal charges of voting by an alien were filed against the following foreign nationals:...Hyo Suk George, age 69, of Korea..." After entering a guilty plea on 1/17/2019 for voting as a non-US citizen, George was sentenced to a $100 fine, and $25 assessment.

-U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," justice.gov, August 24, 2018; Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021); DocketBird, Judgment PDF, docketbird.com, (accessed April 15, 2021)

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
272016 Election Fraud: Alessandro Cannizzaro [Party affiliation not found] was charged on 8/15/2018 and pleaded guilty in New Hanover County, North Carolina, on 10/10/2018 to voting as a non-US citizen in the 2016 general election.

-Case # 5:18-CR-328-1BO
-DocketBird, Judgment PDF, docketbird.com, (accessed April 15, 2021); Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021)

According to "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," a Department of Justice, US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, 8/24/2018 justice.gov press release: "Robert J. Higdon, Jr., United States Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina today announced that nineteen foreign nationals were charged with, among other crimes, voting by alien for their actions prior to and on November 8, 2016....Separately, criminal charges of voting by an alien were filed against the following foreign nationals:...Alessandro Cannizzaro, age 46, of Italy..." After entering a guilty plea on 10/10/2018 for voting as a non-US citizen, Cannizzaro was sentenced to a $200 fine, and $10 assessment.

-U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," justice.gov, August 24, 2018; DocketBird, Judgment PDF, DocketBird.com, (accessed April 15, 2021); Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021)

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
282016 Election Fraud: Dieudonne Soifils [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty in New Hanover County, North Carolina, on 2/8/2019 (date announced by DOJ) to voting as a non-US citizen in the 2016 general election.

-Case # 4:18-CR-00045-1FL (4:18-cr-00045)
-Criminal Information, PDF justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021); U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, "Haitian Citizen Sentenced for Voting by an Alien in the 2016 General Election," justice.gov, February 8, 2019

According to "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," a Department of Justice, US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, 8/24/2018 justice.gov press release: "Robert J. Higdon, Jr., United States Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina today announced that nineteen foreign nationals were charged with, among other crimes, voting by alien for their actions prior to and on November 8, 2016....Separately, criminal charges of voting by an alien were filed against the following foreign nationals:...Dieudonne Soifils, age 71, of Haiti..." After entering a guilty plea on 2/8/2019 for voting as a non-US citizen, Soifils was sentenced to 1 year probation, and a $25 special assessment.

-U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," justice.gov, August 24, 2018; Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021); "Haitian Citizen Sentenced for Voting by an Alien in the 2016 General Election," justice.gov, February 8, 2019

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
292016 Election Fraud: Rosemarie Angelika Harris (aka Rosemarie Angelika McLaurin) [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty in New Hanover County, North Carolina, on 8/27/2019 for voting as a non-US citizen in the 2016 general election.

-Case # 5:18-CR-00322-1B0
-Court Listener, "United States v. Harris (5:18-cr-00322)," courtlistener.com, (accessed April 15, 2021); Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021)

According to "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," a Department of Justice, US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, 8/24/2018 justice.gov press release: "Robert J. Higdon, Jr., United States Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina today announced that nineteen foreign nationals were charged with, among other crimes, voting by alien for their actions prior to and on November 8, 2016....Separately, criminal charges of voting by an alien were filed against the following foreign nationals:...Rosemarie Angelika Harris, age 60, of Germany..." After entering a guilty plea on 8/27/2019 for voting as a non-US citizen, Harris was sentenced to a $50 fine, and $25 special assessment.

-U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," justice.gov, August 24, 2018; Court Listener, "United States v. Harris (5:18-cr-00322)," courtlistener.com, (accessed April 15, 2021); Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021)

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
302016 Election Fraud: Kaoru Sauls (aka Kaoru Wada) [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty in New Hanover County, North Carolina, on 3/22/2019 to voting as a non-US citizen in the 2016 general election.

-Case # 7:18-CR-131-1BO (7:18-cr-00131)
-Court Listener, "United States v. Sauls," courtlistener.com, (accessed April 15, 2021); Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021)

According to "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," a Department of Justice, US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, 8/24/2018 justice.gov press release: "Robert J. Higdon, Jr., United States Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina today announced that nineteen foreign nationals were charged with, among other crimes, voting by alien for their actions prior to and on November 8, 2016....A federal grand jury in Wilmington, North Carolina returned an Indictment charging the following foreign nationals with false claim of United States citizenship in order to register to vote, and voting by an alien:...Kaoru Sauls, age 54, of Japan." After entering a guilty plea on 3/22/2019 for voting as a non-US citizen, Sauls was sentenced to a $100 fine, and $10 assessment.

-U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," justice.gov, August 24, 2018; " Court Listener, United States v. Sauls," courtlistener.com, (accessed April 15, 2021); Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021)

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
312016 Election Fraud: Daniel Tudeusz Romanowski [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty in New Hanover County, North Carolina, on 11/19/2018 to voting as a non-US citizen in the 2016 general election.

-Case # 5:18-CR-326-1D (5:18-cr-00326)
-Court Listener, "United States v. Romanowski," courtlistener.com, (accessed April 15, 2021); Court Listener, "United States v. Romanowski (5:18-cr-00326)," courtlistener.com, (accessed April 15, 2021); Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021)

According to "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," a Department of Justice, US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, 8/24/2018 justice.gov press release: "Robert J. Higdon, Jr., United States Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina today announced that nineteen foreign nationals were charged with, among other crimes, voting by alien for their actions prior to and on November 8, 2016....Separately, criminal charges of voting by an alien were filed against the following foreign nationals:...Daniel Tadeusz Romanowski, age 39, of Poland." Spelled Daniel Tudeusz Romanowski in court documents. After entering a guilty plea on 11/19/2018 for voting as a non-US citizen, Romanowski was sentenced on 2/19/2019 to 1 year probation, a $1,200 fine, and $25 assessment.

-U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," justice.gov, August 24, 2018; Court Listener, "United States v. Romanowski," courtlistener.com, (accessed April 15, 2021); Court Listener, "United States v. Romanowski (5:18-cr-00326)," courtlistener.com, (accessed April 15, 2021); Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021)

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
322016 Election Fraud: Jose Jaime Ramiro-Torres [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty in New Hanover County, North Carolina, on 1/16/2019 to voting as a non-US citizen in the 2016 general election.

-Case # 2:18-CR-00029-1BO (2:18-CR-29-1BO)
-Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021)

According to "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," a Department of Justice, US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, 8/24/2018 justice.gov press release: "Robert J. Higdon, Jr., United States Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina today announced that nineteen foreign nationals were charged with, among other crimes, voting by alien for their actions prior to and on November 8, 2016....Separately, criminal charges of voting by an alien were filed against the following foreign nationals:...Jose Jaime Ramiro-Torres, age 52, of El Salvador..." After entering a guilty plea on 1/16/2019 for voting as a non-US citizen, Ramiro-Torres was sentenced to a $100 fine, and $25 assessment.

-U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," justice.gov, August 24, 2018; Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021); DocketBird, Judgment PDF, docketbird.com, (accessed April 15, 2021)

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
332016 Election Fraud: Merious Jean [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty on 1/16/2019 in New Hanover County, North Carolina, for voting as a non-US citizen in the 2016 general election.

-Case # 5:18-CR-327-BO (5:18-CR-327-1BO)
- Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021); DocketBird, Judgment PDF, docketbird.com, (accessed April 15, 2021)

According to "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," a Department of Justice, US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, 8/24/2018 justice.gov press release: "Robert J. Higdon, Jr., United States Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina today announced that nineteen foreign nationals were charged with, among other crimes, voting by alien for their actions prior to and on November 8, 2016....Separately, criminal charges of voting by an alien were filed against the following foreign nationals:...Merius Jean, age 54, of Haiti..." Spelled Merious Jean on court documents. After entering a guilty plea on 1/16/2019 for voting as a non-US citizen, Jean was sentenced to a $100 fine, and $25 assessment.

-U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," justice.gov, August 24, 2018; DocketBird, Judgment PDF, docketbird.com, (accessed April 15, 2021); Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021)

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
342016 Election Fraud: Jose Cruz Solano-Rodriguez [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty in New Hanover County, North Carolina, on 1/17/2019 for voting as a non-US citizen in the 2016 general election.

-Case # 5:18-CR-293-1BO
-Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021); Judgment PDF, docketbird.com, (accessed April 15, 2021)

According to "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," a Department of Justice, US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, 8/24/2018 justice.gov press release: "Robert J. Higdon, Jr., United States Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina today announced that nineteen foreign nationals were charged with, among other crimes, voting by alien for their actions prior to and on November 8, 2016....A federal grand jury in Wilmington, North Carolina returned an Indictment charging the following foreign nationals with false claim of United States citizenship in order to register to vote, and voting by an alien:...Jose Cruz Solano-Rodriguez, age 41, of Mexico..." After entering a guilty plea for voting as a non-US citizen, Solano-Rodriguez was sentenced on 1/17/2019 to a $100 fine, and $25 assessment.

-U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," justice.gov, August 24, 2018; DocketBird, Judgment PDF, docketbird.com, (accessed April 15, 2021); Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021)

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
352016 Election Fraud: Diana Patricia Franco-Rodriguez [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty in New Hanover County, North Carolina, on 12/16/2019 for voting as a non-US citizen in the 2016 general election.

-Case # 5:18-CR-299-1FL (5:18-cr-00299)
-Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021); Judgment PDF, docketbird.com, (accessed April 15, 2021)

According to "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," a Department of Justice, US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, 8/24/2018 justice.gov press release: "Robert J. Higdon, Jr., United States Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina today announced that nineteen foreign nationals were charged with, among other crimes, voting by alien for their actions prior to and on November 8, 2016....Also, a federal grand jury in Wilmington has returned an Indictment charging an eighteenth defendant, Diana Patricia Franco-Rodriguez, age 26, of Mexico, with fraud and misuse of visas, permits, and other documents, and voting by an alien." After entering a guilty plea for voting as a non-US citizen, Franco-Rodriguez was sentenced on 12/16/2019 to a $975 fine, and $25 assessment.

-U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," justice.gov, August 24, 2018; Hayley Fowler, "Mexican citizen who voted in 2016 US election won’t go to prison, NC judge says," newsobserver.com, December 16, 2019; Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021); DocketBird, Judgment PDF, docketbird.com, (accessed April 15, 2021)

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
362016 Election Fraud: Maria Rufina Castillo-Boswell [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty in New Hanover County, North Carolina, on 1/7/2019 for voting as a non-US citizen in the 2016 general election

-Case # 7:18-cr-00135-D
-Court Listener, "United States v. Castillo-Boswell," courtlistener.com, (accessed April 15, 2021); Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021)

According to "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," a Department of Justice, US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, 8/24/2018 justice.gov press release: "Robert J. Higdon, Jr., United States Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina today announced that nineteen foreign nationals were charged with, among other crimes, voting by alien for their actions prior to and on November 8, 2016....A federal grand jury in Wilmington, North Carolina returned an Indictment charging the following foreign nationals with false claim of United States citizenship in order to register to vote, and voting by an alien:...Maria Rufina Castillo-Boswell, age 31, of Philippines..." After entering a guilty plea on 1/7/2019 for voting as a non-US citizen, Castillo-Boswell was sentenced on 4/17/2019 to 1 year probation, a $600 fine, and $25 special assessment.

-U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," justice.gov, August 24, 2018; Court Listener, "United States v. Castillo-Boswell (7:18-cr-00135)," courtlistener.com, (accessed April 15, 2021); Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021)

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
372016 Election Fraud: Denslo Allen Paige [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty in Wake County, North Carolina, on 2/8/2019 (date announced by DOJ) to "aiding and abetting voting by an alien" in the 2016 general election.

-Case # 5:18-cr-00298
-Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021)

According to "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," a Department of Justice, US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, 8/24/2018 justice.gov press release: "Robert J. Higdon, Jr., United States Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina today announced that nineteen foreign nationals were charged with, among other crimes, voting by alien for their actions prior to and on November 8, 2016....Additionally, a federal grand jury in Wilmington has returned an Indictment charging Denslo Allen Paige, age 66, with aiding and abetting Espinosa-Pena in falsely claiming United States citizenship in order to register to vote." After entering a guilty plea, announced on 2/8/2019 by the Department of Justice, for "aiding and abetting voting by an alien," Paige was sentenced to "...two (2) months active time in the custody of the United States Bureau of Prisons, one (1) year supervised release, $250 fine, and a $25 special assessment."
None
Because the crime was about a person aiding a non-US citizen to vote, even if the crime had not been discovered, there would have been no effect on the 2016 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races by the person aiding, but by the person who voted fraudulently. The count would be toward the person who voted.
382016 Election Fraud: Guadalupe Espinosa-Pena [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty in New Hanover County, North Carolina, on 4/15/2019 (date announced by DOJ) to "illegal voting by an alien" in the 2016 general election.

Case number 5:18-cr-00298
-Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021)

According to "Alien Sentenced to Active Prison Time for Unlawful Voting in the 2016 General Election," a Department of Justice, US Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, 4/15/2019 justice.gov press release: "According to court records, ESPINOSA-PENA is a lawful permanent resident whose application for United States citizenship had been denied. ESPINOSA-PENA attempted to register to vote in North Carolina previously, but was informed he could not register as he was not a United States citizen. Thereafter, ESPINOSA-PENA nonetheless completed a voter registration with an election official’s aid and registered to vote. The election official advised ESPINOSA-PENA that 'if he wanted his voice to be heard, he needed to vote.' As detailed in the Indictment, ESPINOSA-PENA voted in the General Election of 2016 in Wake County, North Carolina held in part for the purpose of electing a candidate for the office of President of the United States." After entering a guilty plea, announced by the DOJ on 4/15/2019, "to illegal voting by an alien," Guadalupe Espinosa-Pena, age 63, of Mexico was sentenced to "...one month imprisonment and one year supervised release."

-U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, "Alien Sentenced to Active Prison Time for Unlawful Voting in the 2016 General Election," justice.gov, April 15, 2019; -U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of North Carolina, "Nineteen Foreign Nationals Charged for Voting in 2016 Election," justice.gov, August 24, 2018; Criminal Information PDF, justice.gov, (accessed June 5, 2021)

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
NORTH DAKOTA – Convictions for Voter Fraud
A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Possible Effect on
Elections if Fraud
Not Caught
392016 Election Fraud: Hannan Yassin Aboubaker [Party affiliation not tracked in North Dakota*] on 9/25/2018 in Cass County, North Dakota, entered an "Alford plea on a Class A misdemeanor [2016 general] 'election offense,' meaning she didn’t admit wrongdoing but acknowledged she may have been found guilty based on the evidence."

-Case # ___
-John Hageman, Forum News Service, "Minnesota woman pleads guilty in rare North Dakota double voting case," bismarcktribune.com, September 25, 2018
*According to the Cass County Finance Director, in a response to emails on 3/16/2021, North Dakota is the only state in the union without voter registration, and the state does not track the party of the voter.

According to a 9/25/2018 article on bismarcktribune.com, and other online publications: "According to an incident report included in the court file, Aboubaker submitted an absentee ballot for the 2016 general election in Minnesota’s Scott County, where Shakopee is located southwest of the Twin Cities, while living in Fargo. She had a friend witness the ballot before sending it in, but later believed that the ballot would be voided because her friend was not a U.S. citizen." This was reported to have occurred in a Cass County, North Dakota, court. According to the Cass County District Courthouse Clerk of Court, responding to a request for documents email on 3/16/2021, the records are no longer public, and that they were "unable to confirm/deny/or answer any" of the questions about the case in a 3/15/2021 response.

-John Hageman, Forum News Service, "Minnesota woman pleads guilty in rare North Dakota double voting case," bismarcktribune.com, September 25, 2018

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
OHIO – Convictions for Voter Fraud
A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Possible Effect on
Elections if Fraud
Not Caught
402016 Election Fraud: Kenyron O. Glasgow [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty in Franklin County, Ohio, on 3/13/2018 to illegal voting, including voting in the 2016 general election

-Case # 17 CR 005020
-Case Information Online, Franklin County Clerk of Courts (accessed June 5, 2021)

According to the Franklin County Clerk of Courts database accessed 3/15/2021: Kenyron O. Glasgow was charged on four counts stemming from three different election years: 9/21/2012 False Election Registration and 11/6/2012 Illegal voting; 6/19/2015 False Election Registration; 11/8/2016 Illegal Voting. Glasgow entered a not guilty plea on 9/27/2017 before entering a guilty plea on 3/13/2018 for Count 4, 11/8/2016 Illegal Voting.

-Case Information Online Research Options, Franklin County Clerk of Courts (accessed June 5, 2021)

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
OKLAHOMA – Convictions for Voter Fraud
A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Possible Effect on
Elections if Fraud
Not Caught
412018 Election Fraud: William James Hines II [Independent*] pleaded guilty in Washington County, Oklahoma, on 1/23/2019 to felony voting illegally on or about 6/26/2018.

-Case # CF-18-261, CF-2018-00261
-Amazon Web Services (AWS), Order of Deferment PDF, amazonaws.com, (accessed June 5, 2021)
*According to VoterRecords.com (accessed on 3/16/2021): "William James Hines (age 38)...is affiliated with the Independent Party. William is registered to vote in Washington County, Oklahoma."



"I, Kevin D. Buchanan, the undersigned District Attorney of said [Washington] County, in the name and by the authority of the State of Oklahoma, give information that in said County of Washington and in the State of Oklahoma, WILLIAM JAMES HINES II, ALIAS: WILLIAM JAMES HINES II did then and there unlawfully, willfully, knowingly and wrongfully commit the crime(s) of: voting absentee ballot on June 21st, 2018 at the Washington County Courthouse and again on June 26th, 2018 at his precinct at 300 NE Spruce Ave., Bartlesville, OK."

-Court Documents (may include Charge/Disposition) PDF; Oklahoma State Courts Network, oscn.net, (accessed April 15, 2021)



1
Even if this crime had not been discovered, it may have affected the 2016, 2018-midterm or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
422018 Election Fraud: Casey Lee Vandorn [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty in Washington County, Oklahoma, on 1/23/2019 to felony voting illegally on or about 6/26/2018

-Case # CF-2018-(d), CF-2018-00260
-Court Documents (may include Charge/Disposition) PDF

"I, Kevin D. Buchanan, the undersigned District Attorney of said [Washington] County, in the name and by the authority of the State of Oklahoma, give information that in said County of Washington and in the State of Oklahoma, CASEY LEE VANDORN did then and there unlawfully, willfully, knowingly and wrongfully commit the crime(s) of: voting absentee ballot on June 22nd, 2018 at the Washington County Courthouse and again on June 26, 2018 at her precinct at 101 SW Virginia Ave., Bartlesville, OK."

-Court Documents (may include Charge/Disposition) PDF; Oklahoma State Courts Network, oscn.net, (accessed April 15, 2021)

1
Even if this crime had not been discovered, it may have affected the 2016, 2018-midterm or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
PENNSYLVANIA – Convictions for Voter Fraud
A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Conviction Details Effect on
Elections if Fraud
Not Caught
432020 Election Fraud: Bruce Leland Bartman [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, on 4/30/2021 of one count perjury for an illegal vote on 8/20/2020 in favor of Republican candidate

-Case # CP-23-CR-0000699-2021
-The Unified Judicial
System Of Pennsylvania
Web Portal, pacourts.us (accessed June 5, 2021); "Man admits to voter fraud in casting dead mother’s ballot," apnews.com, April 30, 2021


"Voter records show that on August 20, 2020 Mr. Bartman used the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania’s online Voter Registration portal to register both his deceased mother, Elizabeth Bartman, and his deceased mother-in-law, Elizabeth Weihman, who died in 2019. Mr. Bartman is a registered Republican and he illegally registered both deceased individuals as Republican voters…. Mr. Bartman has admitted that he is the person who registered his deceased relatives as voters on August 20th and subsequently requested, filled out, and sent in the Absentee Ballot for his deceased mother, with the intention for the vote on that ballot to be counted in the vote totals for the 2020 General Election. Mr. Bartman explained that he cast a vote in the name of his deceased mother to reelect President Donald J. Trump."

-News Release from Office of the District Attorney of Delaware County, PA, nyt.com, December 21, 2020



2
One potential and one actual illegal vote for Trump.

If the crime was not caught, Trump probably would have received two illegal votes in the 2020 General Election as the defendant registered two people as Republicans
TEXAS – Convictions for Voter Fraud
A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Possible Effect on
Elections if Fraud
Not Caught
442016 Election Fraud: Laura Janeth Garza [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty in Montgomery County, Texas, on 9/13/2018 "to charges of voter impersonation and ineligible voting, both second-degree felonies" in the 2016 general election.

-Case # ___
-Attorney General Paxton’s Office News Release, "AG Paxton’s Election Fraud Unit Obtains Jail Sentence, Deportation for Non-Citizen Charged with Voter Impersonation and Voter Fraud," texasattorneygeneral.gov, September 13, 2018

"Attorney General Paxton today announced that Laura Janeth Garza, a Mexican national, pleaded guilty to charges of voter impersonation and ineligible voting, both second-degree felonies. She was sentenced in Montgomery County Court to 10 years in jail, probated for 10 years, charged a $10,000 fine, and 180 days in jail to be served day-for-day on each count as a condition of probation. Garza will be deported after serving her jail time. The Texas Department of Public Safety’s (DPS) Houston Region brought Garza’s case to Attorney General Paxton’s office, and it was determined in May that she stole the identity of a U.S. citizen and illegally registered to vote in Harris County. Garza voted illegally in multiple elections, including the November 2016 presidential election..."

-Attorney General Paxton’s Office News Release, "AG Paxton’s Election Fraud Unit Obtains Jail Sentence, Deportation for Non-Citizen Charged with Voter Impersonation and Voter Fraud," texasattorneygeneral.gov, September 13, 2018

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
452016 Election Fraud: Rosita Flores [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty in Robstown, Texas, on 6/12/2018 to "Class A misdemeanor charge of unlawful assistance of a voter" in the 2016 general election

-Case # ___
-Jonathan Munson, "Robstown resident pleads guilty to unlawful assistance of a voter," kiiitv.com, June 14, 2018


"One of three Robstown residents indicted for voter fraud has pleaded guilty to unlawful assistance to a voter, according to the Texas Attorney General's Office. Rosita Flores was accused of obtaining an elderly victim's mail-in ballot and using it to vote without the voter's direction during the 2016 general election. She entered a guilty plea Tuesday to a Class A misdemeanor charge of unlawful assistance of a voter and was sentenced to probation for one and a half years and a $1,000 fine."

-Jonathan Munson, "Robstown resident pleads guilty to unlawful assistance of a voter," kiiitv.com, June 14, 2018

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
462016 Election Fraud: Charles Nathan Jackson [Party affiliation not found] pleaded guilty in Tarrant County, Texas, on 4/16/2019 to "providing false information on a voting application, a state-jail felony" in 2016 early voting

-Case # ___
-Deanna Boyd and Anna M. Tinsley, "Homeless man with lengthy criminal history accused of voter fraud in Fort Worth," star-telegram.com, November 19, 2018



"Charles Nathan Jackson—who was booked into and then released from the Tarrant County Jail this month—was indicted on a charge of providing false information on a voting application....He is accused of providing false information, specifically the signature of a voter, on an application for an early voting ballot in January 2016, according to the indictment.

-Deanna Boyd and Anna M. Tinsley, "Homeless man with lengthy criminal history accused of voter fraud in Fort Worth," star-telegram.com, November 19, 2018

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
472016 Election Fraud: Crystal Mason [Probable Democrat, voted for Hillary Clinton] was convicted in Fort Worth, Texas, on 3/28/2018 for charges related to voting in 2016 while on federal supervised release and appealed the decision. On 3/19/2020, a Fort Worth appeals court affirmed the trial court’s judgment of illegal voting

-Case # ___
-Citizens for Voting Integrity, "Texas mother Crystal Mason appeals five-year sentence for illegal voting," citizensvotingny.org, May 15, 2020; Amrit Cheng, "Crystal Mason Thought She Had The Right To Vote. Texas Sentenced Her To Five Years In Prison For Trying." aclu.org, (accessed April 15, 2021)

"A Fort Worth woman jailed for casting a provisional ballot in the 2016 presidential election while on supervised release for a federal conviction is asking the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals to overturn her conviction on illegal voting charges, according to legal documents filed Monday.
Crystal Mason said she cast her ballot — which, like most provisional ballots, was ultimately not counted — on the advice of a poll worker. Mason told the court during her trial and appeals that she did not realize she was ineligible to vote under Texas law, which required her to first complete her sentence on a federal tax fraud conviction."

-Karen Brooks Harper, "Crystal Mason, jailed for illegal voting after casting provisional ballot, seeks to have conviction overturned," texastribune.org, December 1, 2020




1
Even though the crime was about a provisional ballot, if the crime had not been discovered, there would have been 1 more vote for Hillary Clinton and may have affected the 2016 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races.
VIRGINIA – Convictions for Voter Fraud
A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Possible Effect on
Elections if Fraud
Not Caught
482016 Election Fraud: Andrew J. Spieles [Party affiliation not found] "a former staffer with Harrisonburg Votes, a political organization affiliated with the Democratic Party," pleaded guilty in Harrisonburg, Virginia, on 6/20/2017 to "knowingly transferring false Virginia Voter Registration Forms" in August 2016.

-Case # ___
-Department of Justice, U.S. Attorney’s Office, Western District of Virginia, "Harrisonburg Man Pleads Guilty to Submitting Fraudulent Voter Registration Forms," justice.gov, June 20, 2017



According to a Department of Justice, U.S. Attorney’s Office, Western District of Virginia News Release dated 6/20/2017: "Acting United States Attorney Rick A. Mountcastle announced today that a former staffer with Harrisonburg Votes, a political organization affiliated with the Democratic Party, who was paid to register area voters during the weeks leading up to the 2016 National Election, admitted in federal court that he caused 18 fraudulent Virginia Voter Registration Forms to be submitted to the local registrar’s office....In August 2016, Spieles was directed to combine his registration numbers with those of another individual because their respective territories overlapped....On August 15, 2016, an employee of the Registrar’s Office contacted law enforcement after another employee in the office recognized a registration form submitted in the name of the deceased father of a Rockingham County Judge.....Spieles admitted that he prepared the false voter registration forms by obtaining the name, age, and address of individuals from 'walk sheets' provided to him by the Virginia Democratic Party...Spieles admitted that he created all 18 fraudulent forms himself and that no one else participated in the crime."

-Department of Justice, U.S. Attorney’s Office, Western District of Virginia, "Harrisonburg Man Pleads Guilty to Submitting Fraudulent Voter Registration Forms," justice.gov, June 20, 2017

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
492018 Election Fraud: Lauren Creekmore Peabody [Party affiliation not found], a campaign staffer for a Republican congressmember, pleaded guilty in Roanoke, Virginia, on 3/3/2020 to "willful neglect of an election duty" around May and June 2018.

-Case # ___
-Jane Harper, "Campaign staffer for former Rep. Scott Taylor pleads guilty in petition scandal," pilotonline.com, March 3, 2020


"A former campaign staffer for ex-Congressman Scott Taylor pleaded guilty this morning to a misdemeanor election crime and was fined $1,000 for her part in a 2018 scandal that likely contributed to the congressman losing re-election that year. Lauren Creekmore Peabody pleaded guilty to willful neglect of an election duty, a misdemeanor punishable by up to a year in jail and a $2,500 fine....Peabody was one of several members of Taylor’s Virginia Beach campaign staff who collected and submitted petition signatures in an effort to get a spoiler candidate added to the 2nd Congressional District ballot in 2018...."

-Jane Harper, "Campaign staffer for former Rep. Scott Taylor pleads guilty in petition scandal," pilotonline.com, March 3, 2020

1
If the crime had not been discovered, there would have been an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races that may have favored a Republican candidate
WASHINGTON – Convictions for Voter Fraud
A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Possible Effect on
Elections if Fraud
Not Caught
502016 Election Fraud: Donald Lee Roy Woodward, V [Party affiliation not found*] pleaded guilty in Asotin County, Washington, on 1/23/2017 to "the crime of [gross misdemeanor] False Swearing" on a ballot on or before 10/22/2016

-Case number 16-1-00223-02
-Court Documents (may include Charge and/or Disposition) PDF
-Donald R. Woodward, "Man charged with voting in wife's stead," lmtribune.com, December 31, 2016
*According to Asotin County Auditor Darla McKay in a 3/8/2021 email, voters "do not provide party affiliation when they register to vote in WA State. There is no option for that on our voter registration form."

"The potential voter-fraud incident was discovered during canvassing in November. Auditor Darla McKay was scanning election envelopes to verify signatures when Carissa Woodward's name appeared with a notification that her voter registration had been canceled, according to a statement from the auditor that was filed in court. Carissa Woodward died Oct. 22, the day ballots appeared in mailboxes, according to court documents. However, the ballot mailed to her was signed Oct. 19 [2016]...."

-Donald R. Woodward, "Man charged with voting in wife's stead," lmtribune.com, December 31, 2016

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
512016 Election Fraud: Christopher P. Billups [Party affiliation not found*] pleaded guilty in Asotin County, Washington, on 5/15/2017 to the "crime of [gross misdemeanor] False Swearing" in the 2016 general election.

-Case # 16-1-00202-02
-Court Documents (may include Charge and/or Disposition) PDF
*According to Asotin County Auditor Darla McKay in a 3/8/2021 email, voters "do not provide party affiliation when they register to vote in WA State. There is no option for that on our voter registration form."

"A Lapwai man was ordered to pay $2,490 in fines and fees for allegedly making a false statement under oath during the November election. Christopher P. Billups, 62, originally was charged with voter fraud for allegedly attempting to vote twice in the general election. He entered into a plea agreement on a reduced charge and was sentenced this week in Asotin County Superior Court.
According to court documents, Billups reportedly returned his Washington state ballot Nov. 1 and voted in person at Lapwai City Hall on Nov. 8. His original Class C felony charge was reduced to a gross misdemeanor in the plea agreement...."

-Lewiston Tribune Online, "Lapwai man ordered to pay fine in voter fraud," lmtribune.com, May 17, 2017

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
WISCONSIN – Convictions for Voter Fraud
A.
Conviction Details
B.
Background
C.
Possible Effect on
Elections if Fraud
Not Caught
522016 Election Fraud: Mark E. Fischer [Party affiliation not tracked in Wisconsin] pleaded guilty in La Crosse County, Wisconsin, on 4/18/2017 to election fraud-illegal voting felony, for votes on 4/5/2016 and 10/31/2016

-Case # 2016CF000953
-Wisconsin Circuit Court Access, wicourts.gov (accessed June 5, 2021)

"Mark Fischer, 59, was on probation for a felony drunken driving offense when he voted in the presidential primary and general election because he 'felt that this election was important,' according to the complaint filed in La Crosse County Circuit Court."

-River Valley Media Group, "Onalaska felon fined for illegal voting in 2016 elections," lacrossetribune.com, April 20, 2017

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races
532018 Election Fraud: Chad S. Armstrong [Party affiliation not tracked in Wisconsin] pleaded guilty in Eau Claire County, Wisconsin, on 10/9/2020 to misdemeanor illegal voting in the 2018 midterms.

-Case # 2020CF000012
-Wisconsin Circuit Court Access, wicourts.gov (accessed June 5, 2021)

"An Eau Claire man has reached a plea deal with prosecutors and is going to jail for voting in an election he wasn't allowed to. Chad Armstrong was charged earlier this year for illegally voting in the 2018 midterm. He had previously been convicted of his 6th OWI and wasn't supposed to vote because of it. On Friday, Armstrong reached a deal with the state, reducing his felony election fraud charge to a misdemeanor."

-Clint Berge, "Eau Claire man going to jail for voting illegally," wqow.com, October 9, 2020

1
If the crime was not caught, it would have had an effect on the 2016, 2018 or 2020 Congressional or Presidential races

References